the frick collection report
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The Frick Collection Report
The Frick Collection Report
Andrea Mantegna (‒), Descent into Limbo, c. ,tempera on panel, the Barbara Piasecka Johnson Collection. The workwill hang in the Enamel Room until August , .
The Frick Collection Board of Trustees
Council of The Frick Collection
Young Fellows Steering Committee
The Frick Collection Board of Trustees Council of The Frick Collection Young Fellows Steering Committee Report of the President Report of the Director Curatorial Exhibitions, Lectures & Publications
Frick Art Reference Library
Public Affairs, Development & Communications Gifts & Grants during
Fellows and Friends of The Frick Collection
Henry Clay Frick II, ChairmanHelen Clay Chace, PresidentPeter P. Blanchard IIIMargot C. Bogert I. Townsend Burden III Walter Joseph Patrick Curley
L. F. Boker Doyle, TreasurerEmily T. FrickNicholas H. J. Hall, ex officioPaul G. Pennoyer, Jr., SecretaryHoward Phipps, Jr., Vice PresidentMelvin R. Seiden
Nicholas H. J. Hall, ChairmanJulian AgnewIrene Roosevelt AitkenJean A. BonnaW. M. BradyJonathan BrownVivien R. Clark Peter DuchinRobert GarrettMauro A. HerlitzkaJoseph L. Koerner, Vice ChairmanJon Landau
Douglas B. LeedsMartha Loring, ex officioDiane Allen NixonRichard E. OldenburgPaul G. Pennoyer, Jr.Marc PorterSamuel Sachs II, ex officioMelvin R. SeidenDeirdre C. StamWynant D. Vanderpoel IIINina Zilkha
Nathalie Kaplan, ChairmanElizabeth FlemingAmy Mazzola FlynnLisa Rossi GorrivanPhilip C. GorrivanJulian IragorriRobert LindgrenVictoria Lindgren
Martha Loring, SecretaryJennifer NillesVictoria RotenstreichJuan SabaterLouise SchliemannChristine ScornavaccaGenevieve Wheeler
while the exact costs are unknown, the magnitude certainly will dwarf all previous initiatives.
We must accept these realities. With stewardshipcomes responsibility, and the Board of Trustees rec-ognizes that it is entrusted with the preservation of amost distinguished and unique collection. Thus theyear was one of the Board’s most active. I amvery pleased to announce the expansion of the Boardfrom nine to twelve members, and to warmly welcomeMargot Bogert and Melvin Seiden, who have beenelected to fill two of these new positions. Their expe-rienced engagement with the wider philanthropiccommunity has already invigorated the dialogue ofthe Board, and I look forward to profiting from theirwise counsel in the years ahead. I would also like towelcome Peter Blanchard III—another of Henry ClayFrick’s great-grandchildren and an active environmen-talist and philanthropist—to the seat previously held
by Enid Haupt, who has stepped down from theBoard after more than a decade of service. Enid’s styleand generosity have been a model for trustees hereand throughout the city, and we are eternally gratefulto her. Finally, we are also very pleased to haveNicholas Hall, the current Chair of the Frick Coun-cil, as an ex officio member of the Board. He hasbrought a new sense of purpose to this core group ofadvisors and already has harnessed their energies toprovide leadership support.
I am extremely proud of the work done this yearby so many to bring such a wide array of first-rateprograms to our members and to the general public.My thanks go especially to my fellow trustees, whohave made this first year so personally rewarding, andto our Director, who has helped chart our futurethrough the strategic planning process and throughthe judicious selection of several excellent new staffmembers. I would like to express my deep apprecia-tion to the members of both the Council of TheFrick Collection and the Young Fellows SteeringCommittee, who have given so generously of theirtime to help shape our strategic vision. These volun-teer groups have worked tirelessly to draw a widercommunity into our orbit, and to help build long-lasting sources of support. Finally, I should like tothank all of those who have helped to support ouractivities this past year through memberships, ticketsto events, grants, or major gifts. Such involvement is aconfirmation of the enduring quality of this institu-tion and a contribution toward the legacy we seek topreserve.
When I assumed the presidency of The Frick Collec-tion a year ago, I had but an inkling of the commit-ment of time and energy that would be required tohelp guide this wondrous organization into the newmillennium. It has been a fascinating year, and I amextremely grateful to all who have helped me to under-stand the complexities of the institution—from thepenthouse at the top of the Library to the bowlingalley in the basement of the Collection. While I havewandered these buildings since childhood, this year Ihave gained a new appreciation for their broad scope ofactivity—much of it unseen by the general public, butall of it essential to keep things running smoothly.
As Sam Sachs will note in greater detail in his reportto follow, the staff and trustees have spent this year ina strategic planning process to re-evaluate our missionin the context of the current museum environment,and to clarify our institutional vision for the yearsahead. The trustees have reaffirmed their commitmentto maintaining the excellence of the institution and the quality of its collections, exhibitions, and otherpublic programs. They have also reaffirmed their commitment to preserving this extraordinary historiclandmark and to meeting the needs of its superb and dedicated staff. It has been a collaborative process, and I would like to thank my fellow trustee I. Townsend Burden III for his chairmanship of this task force.
The strategic planning process has begun to bringinto focus some of the enormous financial challengesthat we will face in the coming years. Long dependenton a generous endowment for basic operations, we cannot expect this resource to meet all of our growingneeds. Our renewed commitments to art historicalscholarship, to education, and to preservation, com-bined with the rising costs of maintaining an aging and heavily used building, will require greater sourcesof support. Although The Frick Collection has anoperating surplus, this money, along with an additional$ million or more, must be spent each year to preservethe Collection’s capital assets. We have defined ourneeds for the next phase of our institutional life, and,
Report ofthe President
Helen Clay Chace ,
Helen Clay Chace and Mrs. Vincent Astor at last year’s Autumn Dinner.
experience. The objective and character of our statelyhouse and its collections remain constant.
As Helen Clay Chace has said, the vision set forthin the strategic plan—the road map that we will befollowing in the near term—is the result of longhours of thoughtful discussion on the part of thosemost intimately associated with this institution: theBoard and the staff. It represents our current thinkingabout the future of this institution—both its promiseand its potential failings—and what we must do tostay on course.
The core strategic issues we have identified are thefollowing: to maintain and augment the collectionsand the facilities in a manner consistent with the tra-dition and aspirations of The Frick Collection; toactively promote the practice and development of arthistorical scholarship; to bring superior services to themany constituencies of the Collection; and to provideadequate resources to support all future needs of theCollection.
To this end, our special exhibitions program hasbrought us new and returning audiences to see a suc-cession of shows on subjects that complement thepermanent collection—works that otherwise wouldnot appear in New York. At the same time, theseexhibitions present us with additional opportunitiesto contribute to the field through publications andscholarly colloquia. In the future, we shall seek tostrengthen this program. We also strive to enhance the experience of the Collection through new acquisi-tions, a trend of the past ten years that we hope tointensify.
We also need to develop new fellowship and resi-dency programs, collaborative in nature, designed toadvance inquiry and scholarship in innovative ways.Similarly, our schools program, begun in , can gofurther in the development of new ideas about waysof thinking and seeing—ideas that will impact cur-riculum development and teacher training in our pub-lic schools. The greatest challenge to the fulfillmentof this vision is, not surprisingly, limited resources.Over the years we’ve successfully expanded our fund-
The cover photograph on this report—the ReadingRoom of the Frick Art Reference Library—reflectsone of the institution’s central roles. The Frick Col-lection is not only a matchless repository of fine anddecorative arts, but also a vibrant center for study,research, and discourse. As a museum and as aresource for art historical scholarship, the Collectionand the Library reinforce each other, enriching inter-national scholarly investigations while continuing todelight and inspire ever-increasing numbers of visitorsand patrons.
The remarkably clear guidelines set by Henry ClayFrick when he was planning to establish “a publicgallery to encourage and develop the study of the finearts, and to advance the general knowledge of kindredsubjects” continue to inform and illuminate our com-mitment to the Collection. Simply put, my goal, sincemy arrival here in , has been to underscore theaphorism “The Frick is better now, but nothing haschanged.”
Believing that it is instructive as well as importantto revisit founding principles, the first Board ofDirectors and Staff Strategic Planning Retreat washeld this past January. At that time, the following newMission Statement was written and adopted:
The Frick Collection and Art Reference Library exist for theenjoyment, inspiration, education, and use of all persons. Its principal goals are to preserve and present its holdings, includingthe historic Frick residence, the fine and decorative arts, and theresearch collections. It will uphold the highest standards of artscholarship through publications, exhibitions, public programs, andresearch services, and continue to augment its resources, whilemaintaining the tranquility of its environment.
I am pleased to report that the major activities ofthe past year admirably support these freshly articu-lated goals. Our exhibitions, acquisitions, and publica-tions continue our commitment to scholarship, access,and preservation. Our attendance is robust, but we aremindful not to be overwhelmed by the lure of “box-office success” at the expense of the totality of the
Report ofthe Director
Samuel Sachs II
Samuel Sachs II, Director
It is appropriate that we now take stock of this andplan accordingly for the future in order to keep pacewith and serve the next generation, making our collec-tions and Library archives available and accessible toboth seasoned academics and promising young inves-tigators alike.
One of the most important steps in shaping thefuture of the Collection is through the selection ofhighly qualified staff members, and this past year hasseen several appointments that continue the traditionof employing truly inspiring individuals. Dr. Colin B. Bailey arrived at The Frick Collection in October to serve as Chief Curator, following a distinguished succession of appointments at The J. Paul GettyMuseum, The Philadelphia Museum of Art, the
Kimbell Art Museum, and the National Gallery ofCanada, where he served most recently as DeputyDirector. Colin’s extensive scholarship and insightfulconnoisseurship in eighteenth- and nineteenth-centuryFrench art are a perfect fit with our collections, andhis vision will anchor the Curatorial Department.
I am also pleased to have brought to the Collectionthis past year Barbara Overton Roberts, one of themost expertly trained and experienced objects conser-vators in practice today. Barbara specializes in theconservation of furniture, but is widely knowledgeablefurther afield. Her arrival coincides with the transitionof this activity into a more fully fledged departmentat the Collection, and with a commitment to thebroader integration of conservation issues into the lifeof the institution.
Finally, in the area of staffing, I should like tomention the appointment of Margaret Touborg. Ifher name is unfamiliar to you now, I expect you willcome to know it well, as she has been brought on asmy Special Advisor to enhance our ability to raise sig-nificant gifts in support of our goals. Margaret comesto us with extensive fund-raising experience in theuniversity arena, most recently for the University ofCape Town in South Africa.
Our public lectures, our concerts, our developingforeign study tours, our increasing international pres-ence, and the occasional long lines outside our doorsall indicate that the Frick “experience” is healthy,invigorating, and has great staying power. With yourcontinued support, we envision a future where ourcapacities and facilities expand so as to enable evengreater service.
We have found a compelling case for modern exhi-bition space, for ongoing fellowships in residence, forenriching our archival records, for a digital future, anda well-preserved past—where our collections are con-tinuously available to “virtual” visitors (our websitehad more than one million page hits during ) andscholars from around the world. Where our staff is amajor force in training future generations of museumand library professionals. Where our walls are seen as
raising efforts through corporate sponsorship andthrough special events such as our Autumn Dinner; wecontinue to seek additional support to turn theseplans into reality.
In addition to financial challenges, the institutionfaces physical challenges as well. The original conver-sion of the building did not, and could not, anticipatethe spatial and operational requirements of our time.The building infrastructure will require a substantialinvestment over the next decade, as some structuralelements are approaching the end of their useful lifeor do not meet contemporary curatorial, legal, oroperational requirements. Other systems need to beupgraded or replaced to take advantage of today’stechnologies.
Last spring, scaffolding went up while stonework restoration was completed on the building’s entire façade. Further work on the walls surrounding theFifth Avenue and Seventieth Street gardens will continue through summer .
a destination for gifts of masterpieces and our shelvesabound with the rare volumes and the necessary toolsof the scholar’s trade. Where we will adhere to thegoal of quality so revered by Henry Clay Frick, sothat in word and in fact the Frick is available to all forthe enlightenment envisioned by its founder. I amimmensely grateful for the support of so manyfriends and donors who have brought us this far, andwho continue to support all of our good work, thusadvancing our cause in multiple and lasting ways.
Pablo Picasso (‒), Boy with a Pipe, , oil on canvas, the Greentree Foundation
The Frick Collection houses over eleven hundredworks of art from the Renaissance to the late nine-teenth century, including paintings, sculpture, workson paper, and objects of decorative art. Throughacquisitions, exhibitions, publications, conservationprojects, and programs for scholars, the public, andmiddle and high school students, the curatorial staffworks to maintain and develop its collections, pre-serve the historic site, and fulfill founder Henry ClayFrick’s aim to “encourage and develop the study ofthe fine arts, and to advance the general knowledge of kindred subjects.”
The year was one of transition and ofreassessment of the department’s long-term goals. InOctober, Dr. Colin B. Bailey joined the department asChief Curator, replacing Dr. Edgar Munhall, who hadserved as Curator from through the end of .Barbara O. Roberts was appointed as Objects Conser-vator with newly expanded responsibilities, replacingSveteslao Hlopoff, the Collection’s Conservator ofObjects for the past three decades. Margaret Iaconoand Brian Boucher joined the staff as CuratorialAssistant and Education Liaison respectively, replac-ing Ashley Thomas, who had served in both roles.Over the course of the year the entire curatorial staffparticipated in the museum-wide strategic plan to discuss the department’s goals for the next five years.
The department organized three major loan exhibi-tions and two Cabinet shows. A number of importantlong- and short-term loans were displayed in the Gar-den Court, the Enamel Room, and the Library, andtwo magnificent Belgian tapestries from the bequest ofChilds Frick, recently conserved and catalogued, wereplaced on view at the Collection for the first time.Along with its regular lecture program, the depart-ment hosted a session of the College Art Association’sannual conference and sponsored the first lecture atthe museum by a well-known contemporary artist.The Education Program saw major expansion in itsvaried services to a growing number of partnerschools, and Italian, Japanese, and Spanish versions of the book The Frick Collection: A Tour were published.
“th July o’clock noon, very fine day, showery and(?) warm No West under the sun.” The Lockwoodstudies are in excellent condition and were onceowned by the Victorian painter William Frith. Thesestudies, made directly from nature, allow one toappreciate the significant role of the sky in Consta-ble’s landscape paintings, which was for him “thesource of light…that governs everything.” They con-tribute as well to one’s perception and appreciation ofhis handling of atmospheric effects in two of hismajor exhibition pieces, The White Horse of andSalisbury Cathedral of , both in the Collection.
Forty-five drawings and watercolors from the collec-tion of the Graphische Sammlung Albertina, Vienna,were on display at The Frick Collection from April
The year concluded with an important addition tothe Collection of two oil studies on paper of cloudsby John Constable, through the bequest of Mrs. Hen-rietta E. S. Lockwood.
The Henrietta E. S. Lockwood Bequest
Two oil studies on paper of clouds by John Constablewere bequeathed in December to The Frick Collec-tion by Henrietta E. S. Lockwood in memory of herfather and mother, Ellery Sedgwick and Mabel CabotSedgwick. Both are in a large format, characteristic ofConstable’s works from , when he was spendingsummers in Hampstead, North London. A keenobserver of meteorological effects, Constable madecloud studies throughout his life, often noting on theback the day, hour, and weather conditions. One ofthe Lockwood studies is inscribed in the artist’s hand
to June . Entitled Michelangelo to Picasso: Master Drawingsfrom the Collection of the Albertina, Vienna, the exhibitionpresented five hundred years of master drawingsthrough examples by such important masters as daVinci, Dürer, Klimt, Michelangelo, Picasso, Pollock,Raphael, Rembrandt, Rubens, Schiele, and van Gogh.The drawings were selected by Dr. Konrad Oberhu-ber, former director of the Albertina, and Dr. BarbaraDossi, Head of Collections, in collaboration with Dr. Katharine Lochnan, Senior Curator of Prints andDrawings at the Art Gallery of Ontario in Toronto,where the show originated. In the June issue ofthe New York Observer, Mario Naves commented, “Thequality of the works qualifies the show as a must-see… . Master Drawings startles, sobers and enthralls.”The show was seen by nearly , visitors.
Landscape was the focus of two interconnected fallexhibitions. Our major loan exhibition, A Brush withNature: The Gere Collection of Landscape Oil Sketches, on viewfrom September through November , presentedsome sixty plein-air works on panel or on paper laiddown on canvas. These rapidly executed sketchesmade by artists across Europe from the seventeenththrough the early twentieth century were integral tothe landscapist’s training and practice. Many werepainted in or around Rome, the center of this vitaltradition. Works by Corot, Degas, De Nittis, ThomasJones, Lord Leighton, Michallon, and Valencienneswere included, as well as works by lesser-known andanonymous artists. The late John Gere, former Keeperof Prints and Drawings at the British Museum, andhis wife, Charlotte Gere—pioneers in the collectingof plein-air sketches—assembled the collection oversome forty years. Christopher Riopelle of TheNational Gallery, London, was guest curator of theexhibition and co-author—with Xavier Bray, also ofThe National Gallery—of the accompanying cata-logue. The show, which was organized for The FrickCollection by Susan Grace Galassi with the assistanceof Margaret Iacono, received wide coverage by thepress and was seen by some , visitors. In arelated Cabinet exhibition, In and Out of the Studio,
Albrecht Dürer (‒), Head of an Old Man, , ink on paper heightened in white, Graphische Sammlung Albertina, Vienna,Acquisition of Duke Albert
Frederic, Baron Leighton of Stretton (‒), The Villa Malta, Rome, s, oil on canvas, The Gere Collection
landscape drawings from The Frick Collection weredisplayed. The show included sheets by Claude,Corot, Rembrandt, and Whistler.
The various stages of the artist’s creative processwere further explored in The Draftsman’s Art: MasterDrawings from the National Gallery of Scotland, on view atthe Collection from December , , through Feb-ruary , . The exhibition, guest curated byMichael Clarke and installed by Colin B. Bailey, wasdisplayed in both the temporary exhibition space andthe Cabinet and examined the evolution of drafts-manship and the role of drawings from the fifteenthto the nineteenth century. Approximately eighty workson paper produced by British, Dutch, Flemish,
Georges Seurat (‒), Study for “Une Baignade,”c. , crayon on paper, National Gallery of Scotland
French, German, and Italian artists were on view,many of which have been acquired within the lastdecade. Highlights included drawings by masters suchas Blake, Boucher, da Vinci, Ingres, Raphael, Rubens,and Seurat. The Draftsman’s Art was organized by theAmerican Federation of Arts and the NationalGallery of Scotland, and was partially supported bythe Eugene V. & Clare E. Thaw Charitable Trust.
Six paintings from the former collection of Mr. andMrs. John Hay Whitney were installed in the GardenCourt on July , ; they will remain on view untilJuly , . Generously lent by the Greentree Foun-
dation, the current custodian of the Whitney collec-tion, the group includes Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot’sCottage and Mill by a Torrent (Morvan or Auvergne), ;Edouard Manet’s Racecourse at the Bois de Boulogne, ;Edgar-Hilaire-Germain Degas’ Before the Race, –
and Landscape with Mounted Horsemen, c. ; PabloPicasso’s Boy with a Pipe, ; and Odilon Redon’sFlowers in a Green Vase, c. . In his review of the exhi-bition in the New York Times on September , JohnRussell commented that the paintings “… relate in amost instructive way to The Frick Collection as it wasformed by Henry Clay Frick,” adding that several ofthe paintings are “a bit more daring” than thosealready in the Collection.
Descent into Limbo by Andrea Mantegna (/–), on loan from the Barbara Piasecka JohnsonCollection, was installed in the Enamel Room on September alongside works from the Collection byPiero della Francesca and Duccio. Painted in temperaand gold on wood, the work depicts the poignantmoment just before Christ descends into the under-world to enter limbo, a neutral region located at theentrance of hell. Works of popular devotion held thatChrist remained in limbo from the time of his deathuntil the Resurrection along with the righteous soulswho, though not damned, could not enter heavenuntil his coming. Mantegna portrays Christ in a dar-ing back view, peering into the cavernous abyss gapingbefore him. Among those observing the moment areAdam and Eve, who stare into the dark hole as theground crumbles beneath their feet. Two paintedcopies, a detailed drawing, and several prints madeafter Mantegna’s painting attest to the fact that thiswas one of his most admired works. Through thegenerosity of the Barbara Piasecka Johnson Collec-tion, it will remain on view until August , .
Sir Henry Raeburn’s The Reverend Walker Skating onDuddingston Loch (c. )—a signature work of theNational Gallery of Scotland—was on view in theCollection’s Library from December , , throughFebruary , . The graceful figure, elegantly clad inblack top hat and formal attire and silhouetted against
a luminescent afternoon sky, effectively conveys thesubject’s sense of pleasure and ease in his solitaryactivity. Two other paintings by Raeburn in The FrickCollection, James Cruikshank and Mrs. James Cruikshank,both of which were acquired by Henry Clay Frick,were brought back together in the Library for theduration of the loan.
In November, under the supervision of ConservatorBarbara Roberts, The Frick Collection placed on viewfor the first time two important eighteenth-century
tapestries. Purchased in by Henry Clay Frick andbequeathed to The Frick Collection in by his sonChilds Frick, the tapestries depict scenes from Cer-vantes’ Don Quixote, specifically the arrival of dancersat the wedding of Camacho and Sancho Panza’sdeparture for the isle of Barataria. They are signed byPeter van den Hecke, head of an active workshop inBrussels, and are dated between about and ,the year of the weaver’s death. Part of a series of eightscenes produced by van den Hecke’s workshop, theywere originally purchased by Louis XV of France.The tapestries were conserved at the Textile Conserva-tion Laboratory, Cathedral of St. John the Divine,Manhattan, under the direction of Marlene Eidelheit.
Workshop of Peter van den Hecke, detail of Sancho Panza’s Departure for the Isle of Barataria, c. ‒, wool and silk
Conservation and Preservation
• The Temporary Exhibition Galleries were renovated in time for the December opening ofThe Draftsman’s Art exhibition.
• The Reception Hall was repainted and French doors were installed, creating an elegant frame through which visitors can view the garden designed by Russell Page.
• Extensive work was carried out to preserve architectural details in the East Gallery and repair water damage to one section of the coved ceiling.
• The Conservation Studio was refitted in-house by Adrian Anderson, Will Irvine, and Joe Corsello to accommodate Barbara Roberts and her staff,including Conservation Interns and a ConservationTechnician, positions that will be filled in .Partial support for equipment for the ConservationStudio was provided by the Ahmanson Foundation.
• Thirty-four works from The Frick Collection and The Frick Household Collection were photographed and conserved.
• Barbara Roberts and the Emergency Planning Committee completed a final draft of a Frick Emergency Evacuation Plan.
College Art Association PanelOn February , The Frick Collection hosted a ses-sion of the College Art Association’s annual meeting.The focus of the session was Duccio’s The Temptation ofChrist on the Mountain, one of the few remaining pre-della panels of the artist’s masterpiece, the Maestà, cre-ated for the high altar of the cathedral in Sienna.Trecento specialist Dr. Andrew Ladis of the Univer-sity of Georgia chaired the conference, which wasorganized for the Collection by Susan Grace Galassi.
Symposium on the History of ArtThe sixtieth annual Symposium on the History of Art,sponsored by The Frick Collection and the Instituteof Fine Arts, New York University, was held April –. Each of the fourteen participating north-eastern academic institutions sent one graduate student in art history to share their original research.
In the past year, The Frick Collection’s EducationProgram has added new partner schools; expanded itsprograms for students, teachers, and artists; andendeavored to meet the needs of increasingly diverseaudiences. This year also saw the formation of neweducational collaborations that supplement our publicschool offerings and introduced new and innovative
ways to utilize the Collection in educational program-ming. In the – school year, sixty-one publicschool classes (approximately , students) partici-pated in the Collection’s school program, reflecting an percent increase since last year. In addition, morethan teachers and artists took part in our staff-development and teacher-training workshops.
Emphasis also was placed on augmenting ourteacher-training programs. Throughout the year, TheFrick Collection conducted teacher-training courses,open to all public school teachers, as well as specialtraining for teachers participating in our partnershipprogram. Taught on Mondays when the galleries areclosed to the public, these three-session courses,which were approved for teacher credit by the NewYork City Board of Education, focused on art historyand methods of using art in the classroom.
The Collection continued its collaboration withteachers in The Rembrandt Project, an innovative program that provides curriculum developmentthrough exploration of the work of Rembrandt. InMarch, teachers from Glendale, Queens, attendedtheir second annual staff development session at TheFrick Collection, focusing on the Collection’s threeRembrandt paintings as well as works by other seven-teenth-century Dutch masters. Training sessions forteaching artists were also part of the Collection’s continuing collaboration with Dreamyard, an organi-zation that provides outreach to inner-city schoolsthrough the visual, performing, and literary arts.
While our educational partnerships were originallycreated for middle school classes and their teachers,the program now seeks to provide a more in-depthapproach for high school students. To that end, agroup of high school teachers was invited to partici-pate in a focus group that met in January to explorehow the Collection might tailor its collaborations toserve the needs of high school teachers.
In May, the Education Program honored its origi-nal partner school, P.S. in Manhattan, with a recep-tion in the Garden Court to mark the fifth year ofcollaboration with the school.
In November, the Collection initiated a collabora-tion with Weill Medical College of Cornell Univer-sity entitled The Art of Observation: Weill Cornell MedicalSchool and The Frick Collection. Eight medical students andfive faculty members participated in this three-sessionprogram, which focused on improving students’ skillsof observation by studying portraits in the Collection.Participants then applied the same visual skills toexamining images of patients’ faces. The program isexpected to become a permanent component of themedical school curriculum at Cornell.
In an effort to formalize our volunteer trainingprogram, education staff organized a series of art his-tory lectures for our volunteers, conducted by curato-rial staff as well as art historians on staff at the FrickArt Reference Library.
Medical students Eric Gordon and Susan Herzlinger examine photographs of patients with the help of Dr. Charles Bardes of WeillMedical College of Cornell University.
Fifth-grade students from P.S. in Flatbush, Brooklyn, discuss themid-th-century French bronze Hercules and the Hydra.
Exhibitions and Special Loans
Watteau and His World: French Drawing from to
October , – January ,
Velázquez in New York MuseumsNovember , – January ,
Henry Clay Frick as a Collector of DrawingsDecember , – January ,
Michelangelo to Picasso: Master Drawings from the Collection of the Albertina, Vienna April – June ,
Six Paintings from the Former Collection of Mr. and Mrs. JohnHay Whitney on Loan from the Greentree FoundationJuly , – July ,
Mantegna’s Descent into Limbo, from the Barbara Piasecka Johnson CollectionSeptember , – August ,
A Brush with Nature: The Gere Collection of Landscape Oil SketchesSeptember – November ,
Raeburn’s The Reverend Walker Skating on Duddingston Loch, from the National Gallery of ScotlandDecember , – February ,
The Draftsman’s Art: Master Drawings from the National Gallery of ScotlandDecember , – February ,
January Liotard’s Last Laugh: The Art of Jean-Etienne Liotard(–)Edgar Munhall, The Frick Collection
Velázquez’s Portraits of Philip IVJonathan Brown, Institute of Fine Arts, New YorkUniversity
April Bellini and the Production of Devotional PaintingsKeith Christiansen, The Metropolitan Museum of Art
May Portraits in The Frick CollectionChuck Close, Artist(Artists, Poets, and Writers Lecture Series)
Italian Drawings in the Graphische Sammlung AlbertinaCarmen C. Bambach, The Metropolitan Museum of Art
June Notes from a Conservator’s DiarySveteslao Hlopoff, The Frick Collection
September First Impressions: Collecting Open-Air Landscape SketchesCharlotte Gere, London
October Understanding Italian Renaissance BronzesClaudia Kryza-Gersch, The Metropolitan Museum of Art
November The Return of the Don Quixote TapestriesCharissa Bremer-David, The J. Paul Getty Museum
In May, artist Chuck Close offered his impressions of some of the Collection’s portraits as part of the Frick’s “Artists, Writers, and PoetsLecture Series.”
“On Their Own They Sustain Our Attention”:The Marketing and Consumption of Watteau’s Drawings in th-Century FranceColin B. Bailey, lecture delivered at The Frick Collection for the Fellows
December The Black and White CollectionMichael Clarke, the National Gallery of Scotland
Curatorial Lectures Outside The Frick Collection
In and Out of Velázquez’s StudioSusan Grace Galassi, lecture delivered at MuseuPicasso, Barcelona
April Picasso’s Dialogues with the MastersSusan Grace Galassi, lecture delivered at the Dallas Museum of Fine Art
The Frick Collection: Then and NowSusan Grace Galassi, lecture delivered at The YouthFoundation, New York
October “Gallant Mythology or Ingenious Art”: Towards an Understanding of th-Century Mythological PaintingColin B. Bailey, Keynote Address for American Society for Eighteenth-Century Studies,The Chrysler Museum of Art, Norfolk, Virginia
October Women in th-Century American PaintingAmy Herman, lecture delivered at The MetropolitanMuseum of Art, New York
Safeguarding our Cultural Heritage: Emergency ResponseBarbara O. Roberts, series of lectures delivered at theFoundation of the American Institute for Conserva-tion of Historic & Artistic Works, Maryland
“Call Me Madam”: Madame de Pompadour, Madame Geoffrin,and Madame du Barry as CollectorsColin B. Bailey, lecture delivered at Christie’s,New York
Women at Work in th-Century French PaintingAmy Herman, lecture delivered in Fairfield, Connecti-cut, for Women at Work
December Renoir and Van Gogh: Portrait of the Artists as Portrait PaintersColin B. Bailey, lecture delivered at The PhiladelphiaMuseum of Art
Notable publications for the year were the following:
Three new editions—in Italian, Japanese, and Span-ish—of The Frick Collection: A Tour, a -page guideillustrated in color, published by The Frick Collectionin association with Scala Publishers of London.
Six Paintings from the Former Collection of Mr. and Mrs. JohnHay Whitney on Loan from the Greentree Foundation, writtenby Susan Grace Galassi and Margaret Iacono, editedby Joseph Focarino, with seven color plates from pho-tographs by Richard di Liberto. A ten-page brochurepublished by The Frick Collection in conjunctionwith an exhibition of oil paintings shown here fromJuly , , through July , .
In addition, saw the completion of manuscripts,written by both Collection staff and outside authori-ties, for Volume IX of The Frick Collection: An IllustratedCatalogue. This final volume, which deals with draw-ings, prints, and acquisitions made since , willcomplete a series that also includes: Volumes I and II:Paintings; Volumes III and IV: Sculpture; Volumes V andVI: Furniture and Gilt Bronzes; Volume VII: Porcelains;and Volume VIII: Enamels, Rugs, and Silver. The Cata-logue is edited by Joseph Focarino, published by TheFrick Collection, and distributed by Princeton Uni-versity Press.
The Frick Collection also publishes three times a yearan announcement of concerts, special exhibitions, andlectures, available free on request.
All Frick publications, including books, color prints,color slides, posters, postcards, and greeting cards, areavailable from the Collection’s Museum Shop.
Other Scholarly Publications by the Curatorial Staff
Colin B. Bailey, “An Early Masterpiece by BoucherRediscovered: The Judgment of Susannah in the NationalGallery of Canada,” Review of the National Gallery ofCanada, , , pp. –.
Susan Grace Galassi, “A Blue Marble Table in The Frick Collection,” Veranda, March–April, ,pp. –.
Susan Grace Galassi, “In and Out of Velázquez’s Studio,” essay in the catalogue of the exhibition,Picasso: Indoor/Outdoor Landscapes, Museu Picasso,Barcelona, October – February , pp. –.
Susan Grace Galassi, “Henry Clay Frick as a Collector of Drawings,” Master Drawings, fall ,pp. –.
Italian, Japanese, and Spanish versions of The Frick Collection :A Tour were published to enhance the experience of our ever-growingnumber of foreign visitors, following the success in of versions of the book in English, French, and German. This series represents thefirst comprehensive material published by The Frick Collection to be available in several languages.
Special exhibitions provide an opportunity to extend the offerings ofthe permanent collection.This educational brochurewas published in conjunction with a loan presentation ofnineteenth- and twentieth-century paintings by Corot,Degas, Manet, Picasso,and Redon.
Ottavio Dantone, harpsichord November New York debut
Philippe Graffin, violin, December and Pascal Devoyon, pianoNew York debut
Excerpts from Reviews
Stephan Genz, baritone“… he showed the eager but noble expressiveness, theluster of tone, the control of shading and volume, thewarmth and the intelligence that have brought him, atthe age of , into the front ranks of lieder artists.”—New York Times
Osiris Trio “Extending right through the concert was the encour-aging zest of the performers; their largeness in everymusical dimension of color, dynamic range andexpression; and their consistently well balancedtogetherness as an ensemble.” —New York Times
La Luna“The Frick Collection, which has an unimpeachablerecord of spotting fine period instrument bands earlyin their careers, presented La Luna in its New Yorkdebut. The program was devoted to th-century Ital-ian composers, and it offered a thorough examinationof this ensemble’s considerable strengths as well as thecharms of the repertory.” —New York Times
and subsequently broadcast locally by WNYC-FM(.) and nationally over the Public Radio Interna-tional network. The one-hour programs now reachmore than sixty stations across the country.
Performers Appearing during
Stephan Genz, baritone, January and Eric Schneider, pianoNew York debut
Sergio Tiempo, piano January
Red Priest, recorder, violin, cello, harpsichord February
New York debut
Trio Parnassus March
Moscow String Quartet March
The Bottom Line, violas da gamba, theorbo, April harpsicordNew York debut
Nicholas Daniel, oboe, April
and Julius Drake, pianoNew York debut
Osiris Trio July
La Luna, violins, viola da gamba, harpsichord August New York debut
Gerald Finley, baritone, October and Julius Drake, pianoNew York debut
Melvyn Tan, piano October
Henschel Quartet November New York debut
The Frick Collection has presented classical musicconcerts to the public since . During its distin-guished sixty-two-year history, the concert programhas been host to major soloists and ensembles, such asthe famous instrumentalists Gregor Piatigorsky, ArturSchnabel, Josef Szigeti, and Wanda Landowska; thevocalists Kiri Te Kanawa, Peter Pears, Kathleen Battle,and Elisabeth Söderström; and the Budapest,Amadeus, Tokyo, and Guarneri quartets. In , theFrick’s music program furthered this rich traditionwith fourteen concerts, of which nine were debuts.
The circular Music Room—with its glass domeand damask-covered walls—conveys the atmosphereof a private salon, offering satisfying acoustics to boththe musicians onstage and the listeners in the hall.This intimate setting, combined with the warmth andenthusiasm of Collection audiences, encourages fineperformances, attracting the critical press and oftenlaunching careers. In recent years, it has become pres-tigious for European musicians to make their NewYork debuts here, and the Collection has become animportant venue for music played on period instru-ments.
All concerts are offered to the public free of chargeand are underwritten with the support of the Fellowsof The Frick Collection. The concerts are recorded
The Osiris Trio preformed a program of Haydn, Dvorák, Martin, andLoevendie last summer.
With growing expertise and the combined resourcesof its library, archives, and information center, theFrick Art Reference Library focused on realizingthose strategic programs designed to strengthen ser-vice to a growing research constituency as well as tosupport the scholarly and public programs of TheFrick Collection as a whole. These programs includeprocuring funding for a Digital Program that willbring about the large-scale digitization of the Pho-toarchive; completing the Retrospective ConversionProgram, which will provide access to all researchmaterials via the Internet; reconfiguring the stackspace to accommodate the expansion of resourcesover the next decade; uniting, preserving, and makingaccessible the institution’s heritage through itsArchives, along with those of the Helen Clay FrickFoundation; realizing the Research Program’s goal tobring to life little-known or rarely seen elements of itsholdings through exhibitions, lectures, and publica-tions; and providing the information infrastructurewith the means to support and sustain an expandinginstitution.
In October, following meetings with representatives ofthe Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, the Libraryapplied for and received a $, grant to conduct asystematic survey of the nearly one million images inits Photoarchive. The purpose of the survey was toidentify the types of reproductions (photographs,clippings, and so on) and their sources. The survey isintended to serve as a model for other photoarchives,and will help establish the ground rules for intellec-tual property and copyright issues in the digitizationof photoarchives.
At the initiative of the Mellon Foundation, theFrick’s Andrew W. Mellon Librarian, Patricia Barnett,and the Chief Librarian of the Getty Research Insti-tute, Dr. Susan Allen, outlined an ambitious plan fora meeting of representatives of the major pho-
Frick Art Reference Library
The Conservation Department staff performs treatments on Library materials so that they can withstand use by the public. Work includes alkalization,rebinding, stain and mold removal, rehousing of fragile materials, and, when appropriate, full restoration.
personal study collection of Professor Millard Meiss,donated to the Library by his widow in . Oncethe project is completed, FRESCO will facilitateaccess to images of countless treasured manuscripts inhundreds of collections in the United States andEurope.
The final report for the / grant of $,
for the Negative Duplication Project was submitted inJune to the New York State Program for the Conser-vation and Preservation of Library Research Materi-als. This ongoing project has saved nearly half of the, negatives resulting from the photo expeditionssponsored by Helen Clay Frick between and. Included in this most recent group of negativesto be processed were many developed during WorldWar II on inferior Defender film.
In September, the Helen Clay Frick Foundationawarded the Library $, for its conservation staffto preserve endangered portions of the Frick familyarchives in Pittsburgh. Overseen by Don Swanson,Chief of Collections Preservation, the projectincluded the transfer of designated materials to NewYork for the treatment and reformatting of rapidlydeteriorating visual materials, including negatives,film, photo albums, and architectural plans. A new de-acidification system was purchased for the conserva-tion lab with funds donated by the Helen Clay FrickFoundation in appreciation of Don Swanson’s consul-tation and conservation work for the Foundationarchives.
Additional conservation work included theadvanced treatment of several rare eighteenth- totwentieth-century titles from the Library’s collection.An unanticipated number of early nineteenth-centurysales pamphlets, identified as fragile in the course ofthe retrospective conversion of auction sale catalogues,resulted in , additional treatments by the conser-vation lab.
With the bequest from the Paul Mellon estate ofmore than $,, the Library obtained the meansto complete the remainder of the Retrospective Con-version Program, already in its third of five years. TheLibrary selected Duncan Systems as the primary ven-dor for the conversion of bibliographic records. A keygoal of this conversion is to ensure the transfer toFRESCO of certain unique features found in the cardcatalog, such as the level of access to the Library’svaluable collection of exhibition catalogs. Many ofthe latter, often designated as ephemeral and relegatedto vertical files by other libraries, have not been acces-sible in RLIN (Research Libraries Information Network).
The Library was awarded a grant of $, fromthe Helen Clay Frick Foundation to facilitate accessto the approximately , photographs of illumi-nated manuscripts that were originally part of the
toarchives of Europe and the United States. Co-spon-sored by the Mellon Foundation and the Getty GrantProgram, the meeting, intended to initiate a large-scale digital collaboration among the participatinginstitutions, took place at the Getty in February .
Global Art Systems (G.A.S.), Inc. completed itspilot project to digitize and make accessible ,
anonymous Italian works of art represented in thePhotoarchive. Following testing, the fully searchabletext and image database will be made available to on-site researchers in early . A significant feature ofthe database is that it will allow scholars to annotateexisting documentation, thereby providing a vehiclefor updating the attribution, ownership, and prove-nance information found in the Photoarchive. Theircontributions will thus expand the dialogue betweenthe Library and its researchers.
The Digital Planning Committee, chaired by IngeReist, Chief of Collections Development & Research,and charged with the task of developing guidelinesand determining the best practices for digitizing thePhotoarchive, undertook fact-finding efforts through-out the year. The Committee met to discuss possiblecollaborations and to share information with repre-sentatives of Yale University’s Imaging America pro-ject, Princeton University’s Index of Christian Art,The Morgan Library, and The New York PublicLibrary’s digital program. Staff also traveled to Wash-ington, D.C., and Los Angeles to learn more aboutdigital initiatives at the National Gallery of Art andthe Getty Research Institute. The Library agreed tobe a test site for the “Van Eyck” image database col-laborative based in the Netherlands. Beginning withthe Photoarchive Project (–), funded by theHenry Luce Foundation, and followed by the two-year Cornell/Frick digital collaboration, the Libraryhas steadily gained in expertise, and is now in a posi-tion to undertake the development of a digital pho-toarchive.
Retrospective Conversion Program
The final report to the Eugene V. and Clare E. ThawCharitable Trust for its generous grant of $,
to convert the index of nearly , auction sale catalogues into SCIPIO, the international sale cata-logue database, was submitted in March by DeborahKempe, Chief of Collections Management & Access.With completion of this valuable project, researchersworldwide have access to the resources of this richand unique collection. Also concluded was a Metro-politan New York Library Council (METRO)–funded pilot project to create records in the FrickResearch Catalog Online (FRESCO) for Americanartists represented in the Photoarchive. Residual fundsfrom the Luce grant were used to complete this pro-ject. Electronic Scriptorium will convert all remainingartist names represented in the Photoarchive.
While much of the information about the Library’s research collections isavailable online, additional records, not yet converted to electronic format,can still be found in the card catalogs; the completion of the RetrospectiveConversion Program is expected in .
Paul Mellon (‒). With the generous bequest from the PaulMellon estate, the Library will be able to complete the remainder of its Retrospective Conversion Program.
European auction houses with favorable results. TheMenil Foundation donated the sixth volume ofWerner Spies’ Max Ernst: Oeuvre Katalog, and the Fun-dación (Banco) Santander Central Hispano continuesto donate catalogues of the exhibitions it sponsors, asdoes the Banco Bilbao Vizcaya. All donors, both indi-vidual and institutional, receive acknowledgments onbookplates and in the FRESCO records.
Proceeds from the sale of out-of-scope and dupli-cate gift materials were added to special book fundsanalogous to those of Gerschel and Heinemann,which enabled the Library to purchase costly, out-of-print titles. A desiderata list of titles beyond theLibrary’s current means was established in FRESCOto alert readers to the Library’s desire to acquire theseitems through outside funding.
A special contractual arrangement was made withThe Museum of Modern Art, New York, whereby its library’s Art Reference Photo File was transferredto the Frick. These , images of works of artfrom the late nineteenth to the mid-twentieth centuryenrich the Library’s Photoarchive, adding muchneeded photo-documentation of modern and LatinAmerican artists.
By year’s end, the total number of records inFRESCO was ,. Over , records resultingfrom the Retrospective Conversion Program remain tobe added in –. Since , great strides havebeen made in eliminating a backlog of uncatalogedmaterial, and, as a consequence of accelerated produc-tion, most material is now cataloged and on the shelfwithin a month of receipt.
The inventory of the private library of Winthrop(Kelly) Edey, bequeathed to the Library in , wascompleted. The resulting compilation of , titles,many with personal annotations, should be of futurevalue to the curatorial staff as well as outside scholarsfor the light that it sheds on the tastes of this unusualcollector of clocks. The acquisition of the Edey materials furthers the Library’s goal to support thestudy of decorative arts represented in The Frick Collection.
Archives and Special Collections
Because of the growing volume of requests forarchival materials, evenly distributed between internaland external sources, Archivist Sally Brazil and herdepartment dedicated a large portion of their time toresearch queries. Topics of interest included the archi-tecture of the buildings; Frick family history; Mr.Frick’s El Greco purchases; art owned by Miss Frick;Elsie de Wolfe’s interiors of The Frick Collection;Richard Offner’s s lectures at the Library; and theportrait research undertaken at the White House byKatherine McCook Knox, a friend of Miss Frick andauthor of the history of the Library, The Story of theFrick Art Reference Library ().
The Oral History Program was inaugurated withthe interview of Dr. Henry Clay Frick II byDeCourcy McIntosh of the Frick Art & Historical
Careful spending and ongoing solicitations for dona-tions enabled the Library to acquire some importantbut costly additions to the collection, notably ,
photographs, the first of three installments of theMarc Jeanneteau/Musées Nationaux de France collec-tion of photographs of works of art in French privatecollections, and a number of rare books and catalogs.A substantial reduction in the price of the web sub-scription to the Art Index Retrospective, –, cover-ing its first fifty-five years, was obtained through acooperative purchase with the libraries of the Whit-ney Museum of American Art and several other smallinstitutions in New York State.
In a continuing effort to acquire complimentarysubscriptions and publications for the depository pro-gram, letters were sent to small or newly formed
A shortage of stack space for the Library’s growingresearch collections set in motion strategic planningfor the physical facility. Until an institution-wideeffort identifies additional space, interim measureswere defined as follows: titles not in scope and out-dated reference materials were marked for de-acces-sion, extraneous and duplicate materials were reducedthrough book sales, and large unprocessed gifts wereconsolidated in caged areas. A survey of the stacks tocalculate the rate of growth revealed that several floorswere “frozen” at more than percent capacity, com-promising the physical condition of the materialsstored. The survey will be used to plan relocation ofmaterials in to alleviate overcrowding. A broadspectrum of Library space needs is under considera-tion for the future, including compact shelving,expanded reference shelving, additional archives storage, study carrels, an area for a kiosk/microgallery, an expanded conservation lab, and a shareddigital lab.
The , linear feet of books and photographs in the stacks nowclaim more than percent of the Library’s storage capacity.
The history of The Frick Collection and Art Reference Library isrecorded in hundreds of scrapbooks, photo albums, negatives, and reels of film.
Books donated by individuals or purchased through endowed funds areacknowledged with a custom-designed bookplate and a credit line inFRESCO, the Library’s online catalog.
Frick Collection, was fully subscribed, with proceedsdesignated for the benefit of the Frick Art ReferenceLibrary.
Also in collaboration with Knoedler, the Librarymounted its first exhibition in the new display casesdesigned for the entrance and the Reading Roomlobby. The exhibition, A Legacy of Collecting, opened inMay and documented paintings purchased fromKnoedler by Henry Clay Frick and Helen Clay Frick.The second exhibition, The Private Side of the Artist’sHand, opened in December and consisted of originalsand facsimiles of artists’ sketchbooks and journalsacquired by the Library since its founding. Both exhi-bitions were handsomely designed and installed by the
and abroad as indispensable for documenting worksof art, and in particular, their provenance. Its holdingsof exhibition and sale catalogs and its Photoarchivedocumentation have proved invaluable to Holocaust-era research. The Library’s finding aid Sources for WorldWar II Provenance Research, compiled by Irene Avens,Reference Librarian, with additional online resourcesassembled by James Mitchell, Assistant ReferenceLibrarian, was made available on the Frick website.The Library further strengthened its exceptional col-lection of electronic resources, adding subscriptionsto the Art Sales Index online database, Art Index Retro-spective, –, and the Index of Christian Art. Addi-tional ports of access to FRESCO and to SCIPIOwere purchased to accommodate growing use.
Reader statistics showed an increase of almost
percent in the use of electronic resources compared to the same period last year. Not surprisingly, e-mail reference queries have more than doubled, and, sincejoining The Research Libraries Group’s SharedResources, interlibrary services have grown dramati-cally, providing expanded resources to Library readersand to researchers worldwide.
The Library launched its new Research Program withthe first in its series of discussion panels, “Dialogueson Art.” The series was initiated through the gener-ous support of Nicholas Hall, Chairman of the FrickCouncil. In collaboration with Knoedler & Co., theLibrary’s first panel featured DeCourcy McIntosh askeynote speaker and Irving Sandler as moderator for adistinguished panel of five museum directors. Speak-ing on the theme “Origins of Patronage in America,”Michael Conforti (Sterling and Francine Clark ArtInstitute), Earl A. Powell III (National Gallery ofArt), Jay Gates (The Phillips Collection), Charles E.Pierce (The Morgan Library), and Samuel Sachs II(The Frick Collection) contributed recollections oftheir institutions’ founders. The event, held at The
Center. Paul Pennoyer accompanied Dr. Frick, and theresult was a wide-ranging discussion of Dr. Frick’smemories of his family and the Collection.
In its ongoing work of archives processing, thedepartment turned its attention to several manuscriptcollections owned by the Library, in particular MissFrick’s original research materials on Jean-AntoineHoudon. Also processed were the papers of Mrs.Knox and Kelly Edey. The Archivist and the ChiefConservator continued to identify deteriorating his-toric negatives of both the Collection and the Libraryto be included in the Negative Duplication Project.
Pat Barnett, Don Swanson, and family member
Elise Frick traveled to Pittsburgh in April to appearon the local television news and interview programOnQ. They answered questions concerning the rela-tionship and relevance of the family archives of theHelen Clay Frick Foundation to those of The FrickCollection and Art Reference Library and discussedtheir preservation and access needs.
With its extensive text and image resources, theLibrary is recognized by scholars in the United States
This image of Henry Clay Frick and his wife Adelaide playing cards with friends is a frame from the Frick family’s mm home movies, takenbetween and . (Helen Clay Frick is pictured on the far right, playing with her dog.) The film is currently undergoing preservation treatment by the Conservation Department.
The Library’s first exhibition, A Legacy of Collecting, displayeddocuments from the Frick and Knoedler archives relating to two important purchases made by Henry and Helen Clay Frick, GiovanniBellini’s Saint Francis in the Desert and John Constable’s TheWhite Horse.
special research tools of the Library. In-depth orienta-tion tours of the Library were given to students fromBard Graduate School for the Decorative Arts, theInstitute of Fine Arts, Christie’s Education andSotheby’s American Arts programs, Cooper-HewittNational Design Museum, and the Folk Art Institute,a division of the Museum of American Folk Art.
The fifth annual Dealers’ Breakfast, hosted by theLibrary during the International Fine Arts Fair inMay, was again well attended. Special demonstrationsand reader services were available in the hours beforethe Library opened for the visiting art dealers, whorepresent the largest sector of Library users.
A Staff Education Day, coordinated by JamesMitchell and Amy Herman, Education Administrator,was held in August, owing much to the organizationalskills, talents, expertise, and participation of stafffrom every sector of the Collection and Library.Along with behind-the-scenes and gallery tours andlectures, special training in the use of electronicresources and the handling of objects and archivalmaterials was provided by and for staff.
The Library was visited by a number of representa-tives of European cultural institutions. On the recom-mendation of Walter Curley, Michael Iovenko, thedirector of the French/American Foundation,included the Frick Art Reference Library in the itiner-ary of French museum curators, librarians, and con-servators sent to the United States by the Ministry ofCulture to investigate digital initiatives taking place at pre-eminent museums and research centers. Alsofrom France, representatives of the proposed InstitutNational d’Histoire de l’Art, to be located in the old Bibliothèque Nationale, met with Pat Barnett,the Andrew W. Mellon Librarian, and members ofthe staff to discuss art research information centersand off-site access to electronic resources and digitalphotoarchives.
names for conversion by Electronic Scriptorium.Library School interns from C. W. Post worked in theArchives and Book departments. For the second year,a Wells College Book Arts Center student interned inthe Conservation Department as part of an ongoingarrangement with Cornell University Library School’sConservation/Preservation department. From asource closer to home, Joseph P. Curley, grandson oftrustee Walter Curley, volunteered his services toassist the Library in bibliographic searching. TheLibrary hosted a total of six volunteers throughoutthe year.
As part of a program to promote object-basedresearch in academic art history programs, and in hercapacity as an adjunct professor at Rutgers University,Inge Reist brought her seminar students to The FrickCollection to study the conservation reports and the
Conservation Department. Memorial displays werealso mounted in the Reading Room honoring art his-torian Francis Haskell and former staff member andcostume expert Doriece Colle.
Provenance research at the Frick Art ReferenceLibrary was the subject of a paper presented by IngeReist at an International Foundation for Art Re-search/New York University conference. She also rep-resented the Library at seminars on art provenanceand claims research at the National Archives and atThe Metropolitan Museum of Art.
In March, Yale economist Dr. Michael Montiasvisited the Library in preparation for the installationof his research database on collecting in the Nether-lands in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, sig-naling the first phase of a collaboration with theRijksbureau voor Kunsthistorische Documentatie(RKD). Outside of The Hague, the Frick Art Refer-ence Library will be the only site where this databasecan be accessed.
Inge Reist was invited by the editors of Goya maga-zine to submit an article on Henry Clay Frick for aspecial edition on art collecting in America; the articlewas published in the December issue andreleased in . Edgar Munhall, Curator Emeritus ofThe Frick Collection, moved from his office in theCollection to a new and elegantly renovated study car-rel in the Library, where he prepares for his forthcom-ing Greuze exhibition.
The year was devoted to planning in support ofexpanding systems and information services through-out the institution. Plans were outlined for increasedstaffing and relocation of the technical team to moreappropriate quarters. Floyd Sweeting, Head of Infor-mation Systems, again submitted a successful e-rategrant request to the Schools & Libraries Corporationfor funds to cover telecommunications service andInternet access. The technological infrastructure was
fortified by switching the Internet lines from copperto fiber and upgrading from a half to a full T- line.A -gigabyte image server was acquired, along withtwo Macintosh digital scanning stations, a slide scan-ner, and two digital cameras. The local network oper-ating system, hubs, routers, and over half of theinstitution’s one hundred PCs were upgraded.
More sophisticated information management toolswere investigated and in some cases implemented. Anupgraded Raiser’s Edge database for the DevelopmentDepartment and an upgrade to the Cuadra STARdatabase for the Photoarchive were implemented, andplanning began for a collections management systemfor the Curatorial Department.
Research and development time was focused ondigital planning for the Photoarchive and for theCuratorial Department’s photography studio. Linkedsystems will eventually allow for a seamless contribu-tion of images and documentation to the website aswell as to the Art Museums Image Consortium(AMICO). Additional system and image storage anddelivery issues were investigated in preparation for thelarge-scale digital Photoarchive project.
The website was updated and enhanced and nowincludes an interactive calendar for exhibitions andevents accessible at http://www.calendars.net/cals/frick. The intranet site was further developed and willbe used for internal information. Staff throughout theinstitution was trained in scanning and in the bestpractices for digital image management. A Power-Point text/image presentation of highlights of thePhotoarchive (–) was prepared jointly by thePhotoarchive and Information Systems departmentsto serve outreach and fund-raising needs.
Successful internship and volunteer programs contin-ued in all major areas of the Library. The Pho-toarchive hosted six art history interns during thesummer months to assist in the preparation of artist
Patricia Barnett, Andrew W. Mellon Librarian, in her office. TheJacobean oak paneling was specially purchased for the office in the sby Helen Clay Frick.
Notable Acquisitions during
Gift and Depository Program
Fernando Benito Doménech, Joan de Joanes: Un maestrodel renacimiento, Valencia, ; gift of the FundaciónSantander Central Hispano
Codex Hammer of Leonardo da Vinci, Florence, ; giftof Michael Hammer
Two original sketchbooks by Leon Dabo (–);gift of Dr. Richard P. Wunder
An Exhibition of Prints and Drawings from the Collectionof James H. Lockhart, Jr., Pittsburgh, Carnegie Institute,; gift of Melvin R. Seiden
De los primitivos a Goya, Museo Nacional de BellasArtes, Buenos Aires, ; gift of Melvin R. Seiden
Paul F. Grendler, ed., Encyclopedia of the Renaissance, NewYork, ; gift of Charles Scribner III
Jill Grossvogel, Emile Schuffenecker: Catalogue raisonné, SanFrancisco, ; gift of the author
Larsen, Peter Norgaard, Symbolism in Danish and EuropeanPainting –, Copenhagen, ; gift of theStatens Museum for Kunst
Roberta Olson, The Florentine Tondo, New York, ;gift of the author
Sadovnikov, V., Panorama of Nevsky Prospekt: Reproductionsof Lithographs after Water-Colours by V. Sadovnikov; Producedby I. Ivanov and P. Ivanov and Published by A. Prévost between and , Leningrad, ; gift of NicholasHlopoff
Werner Spies, Max Ernst: Oeuvre Katalog, vol. , Hous-ton /Cologne, ; gift of the Menil Foundation
Tableaux. Quelques ustensiles de peinture; Greuze, Mlle deBeaulieu, M. Brossard de Beaulieu, G. Benou, Paris, August, (auction sale catalogue); gift of Edgar Munhall
Tableaux et dessins de Greuze, Salons de l’Alliance desArts, Paris, January –, (auction sale cata-logue); gift of Edgar Munhall
The Sir Alma-Tadema Collection: Photographs and Correspon-dence of the Famous Victorian Painter ( microfiches),Leiden,
Artistas gallegos, vols. to date, Vigo, Spain,
Daniel Baud-Bovy, Les maîtres de la gravure suisse, Geneva,; purchased through the generous support of theGerschel Fund, in memory of André Meyer
Vittore Branca, ed., Boccaccio visualizzato: Narrare per parolee per immagini fra Medioevo e Rinascimento, Turin, ;purchased through the Lehman Fund, in memory ofRobert Lehman
Catalogues of the Collection of Prints, Drawings and Paintingsin the Victoria and Albert Museum ( microfiches),Surrey,
The Conway Library, the Courtauld Institute of Art, Part IV,Sculpture (, microfiches), Surrey,
Otto Demus, Studies in Byzantium: Venice and the West,London, ; purchased through the HomelandFund
Mojmir S. Frinta, Punched Decoration on Late MedievalPanel and Miniature Painting, Prague,
The History of Modern Russian and Ukrainian Art,– (microfiche set), Leiden,
Picabia Number; Little Review, Chicago, ; purchasedthrough the Heinemann Fund, in memory of Dr.Rudolf J. Heinemann
Giancarlo Sestieri, I pittori di battaglie: Maestri italiani estranieri del XVII e XVIII secolo, Rome, ; purchasedthrough the Lehman Fund, in memory of RobertLehman
Jaro Springer, ed., Die Radierungen des Hercules Seghers,Berlin, –; purchased through the HeinemannFund, in memory of Dr. Rudolf J. Heinemann
Verzeichnis einer ausgezeichneten Gemäldesammlungder berühmtesten Künstler besonders aus der blühen-den Kunst-Epoche der holländer und niederländerSchule [Sale of a collection belonging to the King ofBavaria], Munich, December ,
Five thousand photographs of works of art in Frenchprivate collections taken by Marc Jeanneteau and doc-umented by curatorial staff of the Musées Nationauxde France
Two hundred photographs of works of art in theircollection, purchased from the Museo de Arte Colonial, Bogotá
Eighty-eight photographs of Venetian sculpture and photographs of recently restored Italian paintingsand sculpture purchased from Anne Markham Schultzand Ralph Lieberman, respectively
This year the Library acquired over , items as purchases, gifts,and in exchange, including a rare Picabia issue of Little Reviewand photographs by Marc Jeanneteau of works of art in French privatecollections and provincial museums.
J. Richard Judson, Gerrit van Honthorst, –,Doornspijk,
Michel Kellermann, André Derain: Catalogue raisonné del’oeuvre peint, Paris –; purchased through the generous support of the Gould Fund
Fabrizio Mancinelli et al., The Last Judgement, vols.,New York, ; purchased through the LehmanFund, in memory of Robert Lehman
David Mannings, Sir Joshua Reynolds: A Complete Catalogueof His Paintings, New Haven,
René Perrout, Les Images d’Epinal, Paris, (?); pur-chased through the generous support of the GerschelFund, in memory of André Meyer
FellowsThe Fellows of The Frick Collection, now nearly
members, generously gave upwards of $, duringthe past year. There was substantial growth in twoareas: both the Henry Clay Frick Fellows and theYoung Fellows. Fellows’ gifts are the core of the Col-lection’s membership program and help to addressvarious needs, including special exhibitions, lectures,concerts, and our visual literacy program for publicmiddle school students.
On January —the occasion of the th anniver-sary of the birth of the Collection’s founder, HenryClay Frick—the Henry Clay Frick Fellows, othermajor donors, and invited guests gathered for thethird annual Henry Clay Frick Fellows Dinner, whichhonored longtime Frick trustee Paul Pennoyer for hisdecades of loyal service. Taking its cue from theVelázquez in New York Museums exhibition, the eveninghad a Spanish theme. The festivities began with cock-tails in the Oval Room, followed by a program ofearly Spanish music for harp and mezzo-soprano inthe East Gallery. Under the sponsorship of the Span-ish Consul General, chef Teresa Berrenechea wasengaged to create a traditional Basque dinner.
By every measure, the Edwardian Ball, held on Febru-ary , was a huge success. The first full-scale fund-raising benefit organized by the Young Fellows—withsponsorship from Bottega Veneta, Tiffany & Co.,Rolls-Royce, Dunhill, Moët & Chandon, andChristie’s—attracted guests and captured theenthusiastic interest of the social and fashion press.It was an extraordinary occasion for The Frick Col-lection, as these young New Yorkers partied into thenight, raising net proceeds of $, in support ofthe Frick’s education program.
The Collection’s increasingly busy exhibition sched-ule has provided more frequent opportunities for Fellows and Friends to meet at preview events. Theexhibition Michelangelo to Picasso: Master Drawings from theCollection of the Albertina, Vienna brought together Fellowson April and Sustaining Friends the next night foran early opportunity to view one of The Frick Col-
lection’s most popular special exhibitions ever.The annual Spring Party for Fellows was held on
Monday, May . As usual, the entire house was open,with the Peter Duchin Orchestra holding forth in theMusic Room, a jazz trio entertaining the café crowdon the second floor, a dessert buffet in the ReceptionHall, and the Fifth Avenue garden full of Fellows tak-ing some fresh air.
These events were followed in the fall by the exhi-bition opening for A Brush with Nature: The Gere Collec-tion of Landscape Oil Sketches for Fellows on September ,and an opening the next evening for SustainingFriends.
Our major fund-raising event, the Autumn Dinner,was held on Monday, October . More than sup-porters of the Collection joined together for a candle-light supper in the Garden Court to honor one of theart world’s “royal couples,” Rosamond Bernier andJohn Russell. Nearly $, in net proceeds wasraised to help underwrite the full range of Collectionactivities.
On November the annual Holiday ShoppingEvening offered our members an opportunity to get ahead start on their gift buying in an unhurried atmos-
Public Affairs,Development &Communications
The external affairs program seeks to make The FrickCollection better known, understood, and supportedin the United States and internationally. To this end,we are enormously grateful for all of the generoushelp we receive from the Board of Trustees, Councilof The Frick Collection, major donors, Fellows,Friends, corporations, foundations, governmentalagencies, and other supporters who strengthen ourwork in countless important ways.
Since its inception in , the external affairs pro-gram has grown steadily to meet an expanding rangeof institutional needs. First founded to execute theendowment campaign for the Frick Art ReferenceLibrary, the department continues to build publicawareness of the Collection and Library, refine andexpand the membership programs, garner major giftsupport for everything from exhibitions to acquisi-tions to renovations, and to develop and maintainrelations between the Frick and all of its importantconstituencies.
As we have created opportunities for deeperinvolvement, our public has responded generously.While such support is critical to all organizations, itis especially so for The Frick Collection now, since wehave applied to the IRS for a change in our legal sta-tus from that of a private operating foundation to apublic charity. The institution is in the middle of afive-year trial period, during which time we muststeadily increase public support in order to sustainour new (c) status. Accordingly, gifts from allsources and for all purposes have become criticallyimportant.
As you have read elsewhere in this report, the Col-lection has recently completed a comprehensive strate-gic planning process as well as a programmatic spaceassessment—a process that involved the Board ofTrustees, the Council of The Frick Collection, andthe staff. The assessment of these related priorities isongoing. There will be unprecedented opportunitiesfor those who are already helping the Frick to be sup-portive in new ways and for those who have yet tobecome involved to find inspiration here.
Mrs. Vincent Astor and Director Samual Sachs II at the HenryClay Frick Fellows Dinner.
Committee Chairmen Lauren du Pont (back to camera), Aerin Lauder Zinterhofer, and Marina Rust Connor at the Young Fellows’Edwardian Ball, one of the most talked about benefits of the season.
the Albertina Collection was followed by superbinternational coverage. The fall and winter exhibitionswere also greeted with critical acclaim. As part of itseffort to reach expanded audiences, the Frick alsoaccorded these shows increased advertising budgets.More outlets, encompassing both print and radio,were included than ever before towards that end.
The thriving membership program of the Frickwas showcased in the media through coverage ofmajor fund-raising events, among them the annualAutumn Dinner. Additionally, the Young Fellows’Edwardian Ball in February proved to be an absolutemagnet for attention. The institution was depicted atits most elegant and lively through features in the NewYork Times as well as Avenue, Elle Décor, New York Magazine,Quest, Town & Country, Vogue, WWD, and W.
A major feature about the education program’s fallcollaboration with Weill-Cornell Medical Schoolappeared in the Science Times section of the New YorkTimes, eliciting national and international interest fromacademic institutions.
CommunicationsInstitutional media outreach and coverage was verystrong in , one significant highlight being alengthy feature in Town & Country magazine. Repre-senting well over a year’s worth of collaborationbetween the staffs of the Collection and the publica-tion, the piece took a fresh look at the institution andits recent efforts to become more accessible to thepublic and welcoming to supporters under DirectorSamuel Sachs II. Two other articles of note—bothfor the New York Times and from the pen of architec-tural historian Christopher Gray—addressed the his-tory and current goals of, respectively, The FrickCollection and the Frick Art Reference Library. Suchcoverage, as well as announcements throughout theyear concerning staff and board appointments,offered supporters and the public at large a continu-ing chronicle of major developments as they hap-pened.
Special exhibitions at the Frick received warmreviews in . Near-record attendance at the mediapreview for the spring presentation of drawings from
FriendsLooking back over the past year, and especially com-paring it to previous ones, the Friends of The FrickCollection exhibited solid growth and retention ratesbespeaking an intense sense of loyalty. It is clear fromthis that the Frick continues to be an attractive mem-bership opportunity for new members and seasonedmembers alike. At the end of , on the heels ofyet another successful direct mail campaign, theFriends rolls had grown to ,, while boasting anadmirable retention rate of nearly percent.
This year’s direct mail solicitation, which was sentto an expanded selection of mailing lists, yielded
new Friends and Fellows, building on last year’s cam-paign, which attracted new supporters. A sizablenumber of new Fellows was also garnered from thiseffort.
Corporate MembershipThe year was another healthy year for the Frickcorporate program. Corporations continue to find theCollection an extremely attractive venue for theirevents, owing to its unique combination of architec-ture, works of art, and locus in American economichistory. More than forty corporations were activelyinvolved with the Collection this year, and con-tributed $,. We are grateful for the opportunityto collaborate with these corporate partners andwould especially like to single out those who heldevents at the Collection in : Clifford ChanceRogers & Wells; Morgan Stanley Dean Witter; TheMcGraw-Hill Companies; Wilmer, Cutler & Picker-ing; M. Knoedler & Co.; New York Stock ExchangeFoundation, Inc.; Prudential Vector HealthcareGroup; and C & S Wholesale Grocers, Inc.
As corporations explore creative ways to involvetheir employees and customers in their efforts to sup-port the arts in New York City, The Frick Collectionhas been fortunate to participate in special partner-ships with its corporate members, including AmericanExpress’ Culture Card program and Fleet’s Museums onUs! program.
phere, and sales this year broke all previous records.We closed the year to the strains of bagpipe musicfilling the halls as Fellows previewed The Draftsman’sArt: Master Drawings from the National Gallery of Scotland onDecember , followed by a preview for SustainingFriends on December .
On January , , the Henry Clay Frick Fellowsand major supporters gathered to honor Eugene V.Thaw for his longstanding and generous support ofThe Frick Collection. In a very special fireside chat inMr. Frick’s Library, Arthur Schlesinger offered hiscandid and stimulating thoughts on memoir writingand the presidential election and its aftermath.Dinner was prepared by chef David Bouley.
In September, the Reception Hall was painted with funds provided bythe Helen Clay Frick Foundation through the generosity of Dr. and Mrs.Henry Clay Frick II.
Henry Clay Frick Fellows enjoyed a special lecture in Mr. Frick’slibrary, given by Arthur Schlesinger, at the January Henry ClayFrick Fellows Dinner.
IndividualsMrs. R. F. AugustHelen Clay and Minturn V. ChaceMr. and Mrs. Robert F. ErburuEnid A. HauptMrs. Horace HavemeyerJanine LukeJames R. McCredieElaine L. RosenbergMr. and Mrs. H. Jonathan RotenstreichCharles RyskampDr. and Mrs. Malcolm WienerMrs. Charles Wrightsman
CorporationsBloomberg LLPThe Chase Manhattan BankHall & Knight (USA) Ltd.The McGraw-Hill Companies
We deeply appreciate the generosity of the followingindividuals, foundations, and corporations who madesubstantial contributions to the museum and libraryduring the course of the past year.
Nearly percent of the Collection’s budget forongoing activities must be found annually from sources other than the endowment. Capital projectsand special programs require additional resources aswell. These listings reflect gifts and grants that pro-vide vitally needed general operating funds, as well as support for a range of projects including specialexhibitions and publications; Library acquisitions andendowment; services to scholars; the middle-schooleducation program; conservation equipment andmaterials; landscaping; seminars; Photoarchive survey;and the annual History of Art Symposium. In addition, the demands of our beautiful, but aging,building require an increasing investment of capital.
We are most grateful to our expanding member-ship for its thoughtful and steadfast support of ourprograms and services.
FoundationsAcorn Foundation Inc.Ahmanson FoundationThe Center for Arts EducationThe Cowles Charitable TrustThe Helen Clay Frick Foundation*Horace W. Goldsmith FoundationGordon and Llura Gund FoundationWilliam Randolph Hearst FoundationThe Edith B. and Lee V. Jacobs Fund No.
Fanny and Leo Koerner Charitable TrustThe Curtis W. McGraw FoundationThe Andrew W. Mellon FoundationThe Nautilus FoundationThe Ridgefield FoundationAlfred and Jane Ross Foundation
*At the request of I. Townsend Burden III, Helen Clay Chace,Dr. and Mrs. Henry Clay Frick II, and Mrs. Jotham Trafton.
Gifts & Grantsduring
John Constable (–), Cloud Study, c. , oil on paper. This is one of two Constable cloud studies bequeathed to The Frick Collection byHenrietta E. S. Lockwood in memory of her father and mother, Ellery Sedgwick and Mabel Cabot Sedgwick.
The Frick Collection makes every effort to recognize your gift asrequested. Corrections may be directed to Kathleen Helal at --.
The Frick Collection provides individual and corporate membership benefits through the Friends, Fellows, and Corporate Membership programs. For more information aboutthese programs or other donor recognition and sponsorshipopportunities, please call Martin Duus, Manager ofDevelopment, at --. For information aboutmajor gift opportunities, including bequests, gifts of securities,and special projects, please contact Margaret Touborg, SpecialAdvisor to the Director, at --.
The Frick Collection welcomes matching gifts. If your com-pany has a matching gift program, you can magnify the impactof your gift to the Collection by participating. A full list ofparticipating corporations appears on page .
David HandlemanDr. Lucinda A. HarrisKatherine H. and John R. HewittMr. Frank L. Hohmann IIDr. Bruce C. HortenMr. and Mrs. John W. IngrahamLisa D. Johnson and Williams CosbyMr. and Mrs. William Jordan, Jr.Denise and Morton JoselsonMr. and Mrs. Peter KalikowMr. and Mrs. Paul KanavosMr. William W. KaratzGeorgianne M. and Richard A. KasuliMrs. Joseph KingDavid and Kathleen KinneMr. and Mrs. Walter C. KleinMr. John R. KloppAngie Z. KozlowskiMr. and Mrs. Abraham KrasnoffMrs. H. P. KrausMr. and Mrs. Thomas W. LambertDr. and Mrs. Jules V. LaneJane Lattes and Norbert SwislockiMr. and Mrs. Alexander M. LaughlinMrs. Carol F. LewineMr. Lawrence E. Lewis IIIMr. and Mrs. John L. LindseyAnne and Michael LoftusSandra Ann MabrittoMr. and Mrs. John MacAskillMr. and Mrs. Peter MalkinMarguerite ManleyMr. and Mrs. Stephen L. MarmottJames R. McCredieRichard and Ronay MenschelAlbert S. MessinaMr. and Mrs. Henry B. MiddletonMr. and Mrs. Donald K. MillerHarvey S. Shipley MillerBarbara S. MosbacherEmmanuel NadlerDr. Gabriel Nahas and Marilyn C. NahasRoy R. NeubergerJill NewhouseMr. and Mrs. Rodney W. NicholsThomas E. O’BrienMaureen O’TooleMr. and Mrs. Gregory K. PalmJames ParkerDouglas L. PaulMr. and Mrs. John Whitney PaysonDr. David B. PearceMr. and Mrs. Norman L. PeckSarah PeterRussell G. PiccioneMax Pine
Dr. and Mrs. Simon B. PoytaEben W. PyneMr. and Mrs. Cecil D. Quillen IIIScott N. ResnickKhalil RizkMr. and Mrs. Daniel RoseNina RosenwaldMrs. Howard RossMr. and Mrs. Philip R. RotnerGretchen G. RoyceMr. and Mrs. Winthrop Rutherfurd, Jr.Stuart M. SalengerAlan E. SalzBarbara and Bill SaltzmanPrincess Maria-Christina Sayn-WittgensteinMary Coxe SchlosserMichael and Dafna SchmerinM. R. and Frederika SchweitzerLarry SharJay L. Shaw and Brenda C. HildenbrandMr. and Mrs. Constantine Sidamon-EristoffDr. Robert B. SimonJ. L. H. SimondsJames Baker SitrickMr. and Mrs. Gerard L. SmithMr. and Mrs. Richard B. SmithMr. and Mrs. Robert A. SmithMr. and Mrs. Howard SosinIra SpaniermanGeorge Spera and Jane GinsburgGarrick C. StephensonMr. and Mrs. Gerald StiebelMr. and Mrs. Irving L. StrausDr. Lisa TallalPatricia P. and Henry TangAnne and William TatlockGregory F. Taylor and Roberta E. CashwellMrs. Henry J. TaylorJudy E. TenneyThe Honorable John TrainSusan Ip and Man-Kong TsuiMr. and Mrs. Maurice TuchmanRoger and Edith F. TuckermanMarilyn UngarThomas R. WarfieldMr. and Mrs. Bruce R. WattsLee WeissmanAnna K. WeiszDrs. Marc and Babette WekslerJune and Henry WeldonK. WesterlingMr. Wheelock Whitney IIIMrs. Robert D. WickhamMrs. Walter W. WildsWalter J. WilkieConstance Williams
Laura Beth BenedekJosephine L. Berger-Nadler and
Dr. M. Leon CanickNancy BiallerMr. and Mrs. Marco P. BloemsmaGary M. BloomW. Mark BradyLaura L. BreyerProfessor Jonathan M. BrownCharles F. BrushMrs. Thomas S. BrushMr. and Mrs. R. Alan Butler, Jr.Eric G. CarlsonDavid G. CarterMr. and Mrs. Thomas A. CassillyCarroll J. Cavanagh and Candida N. SmithKendall G. ChenMr. and Mrs. Christopher T. ClarkMr. and Mrs. Howard L. Clark, Jr.Mr. and Mrs. Bruce E. CrawfordMr. and Mrs. Edgar M. CullmanReverend Michael CunninghamRobert DanceStanley R. DayElizabeth de CuevasMarquesa Margotte de LyonHester DiamondMrs. Charles H. DysonJoan K. EastonJoseph ElmalehMarianne Elrick-ManleySusanne and André EmmerichThomas Epstein and Florence E. TeicherRobert and Paulette ErnstoffMr. and Mrs. Walter P. FekulaMr. and Mrs. Nicholas FirthMr. and Mrs. Bert FreidusSuzanne Frye, MDFrederic J. Fuller, Jr.Dr. and Mrs. Charles G. GarbaccioStephen A. GeigerJoachim Gfoeller, Jr.Mr. and Mrs. Robert G. GoeletEugene R. GonzalezMr. and Mrs. Craig L. GosdenMr. and Mrs. Paul GouraryDr. A. F. GovoniMrs. Oliver R. GraceMr. and Mrs. David GrangerMr. and Mrs. Marco GrassiMr. and Mrs. Holcombe T. Green, Jr.Mr. and Mrs. Gordon K. GreenfieldAntonia and George J. Grumbach, Jr.Mrs. James B. GubelmannCharles Hack and Angella HearnBen Ali Haggin
Janice H. LevinSusan B. MalleyCharlene and Tom MarshJoseph F. McCrindleJohn K. and Chrys L. MenoudakosDiana Mercer and Heather Sue MercerPam and Bill MichaelcheckCharles A. Miller, Jr. and
Chas A. Miller IIIRuth A. MuellerOtto NaumannMr. and Mrs. Peter NitzeDavid T. OwsleyMr. and Mrs. Bernard G. PalitzJohn Parks and Dominick OddoRoland F. PeaseMr. and Mrs. Paul G. Pennoyer, Jr.Mr. and Mrs. H. Charles PriceSheila PullingYvonne S. Quinn and Ronald S. RolfeFrank E. RichardsonJeannette and Jonathan RosenMr. and Mrs. Peter M. SacerdoteMrs. Alexander C. SangerDr. and Mrs. Stephen K. ScherCaroline F. and Stuart B. SchimmelDr. Ralph SchlaegerMr. and Mrs. Stanley DeForest ScottDonald G. SislerElizabeth A. StrausElizabeth F. Stribling and
Guy RobinsonRobbi and Bruce TollDr. and Mrs. Ulrich WagnerMr. and Mrs. Ira D. WallachBrenda Weeks-NerzDuane WilderWalter and Sandra WilkieWilliam J. Williams, Jr. and
Barbara A. ReuterDavid and Constance YatesEmily A. YoussoufDr. Jonathan Zizmor
FellowsAnonymousNeale M. AlbertBert AmadorMr. and Mrs. Michael Nash AmblerJ. Philip AndereggEdgar AronsonSharon and Stephen A. BassockAnson M. Beard, Jr.Donald J. and Jan BeddieDavid BeerMr. and Mrs. Frederick W. Beinecke
Fellows of The Frick Collection
Honorary FellowsThe Honorable and Mrs. Walter H. AnnenbergMr. and Mrs. Perry R. BassLe Comte d’HaussonvilleTheodore DellMr. and Mrs. John MarionMrs. Paul MellonEdgar MunhallCharles RyskampMrs. William SuhrMr. and Mrs. Eugene Victor ThawFrederica von Stade
Henry Clay Frick FellowsAnonymousMrs. Russell B. AitkenMr. and Mrs. Arthur G. AltschulMargot and Jeremiah M. BogertHelen Clay and Minturn V. ChaceDr. and Mrs. Henry Clay Frick IIMrs. Roswell L. GilpatricEnid HauptMr. and Mrs. Henry Luce IIIMr. and Mrs. Howard LutnickLindsay McCrumMr. and Mrs. Frank N. NewmanMr. and Mrs. Howard Phipps, Jr.Melvin R. Seiden and Janine Luke
Sustaining FellowsAnonymousMr. Peter P. Blanchard IIIThe Honorable and Mrs. Walter J. P. CurleyDr. Gert-Rudolf FlickMr. and Mrs. Stephen M. KellenDiane Allen NixonWilliam RondinaMr. and Mrs. Wynant D. Vanderpoel III
Supporting FellowsMr. and Mrs. Robert F. AgostinelliMr. and Mrs. David D. AlgerMr. and Mrs. I. Townsend Burden IIICatherine G. CurranMr. and Mrs. C. Douglas DillonMr. and Mrs. L. F. Boker DoyleEinhorn Family FoundationMr. and Mrs. Henry A. GrunwaldMartha HareMrs. Henry J. Heinz IIFrederick D. Hill
Mary and Roy JudelsonSally and Howard LepowArthur L. LoebKatherine Woodward MellonMr. and Mrs. Leon B. PolskyDavid RockefellerFrederick Krimendahl and
Emilia A. Saint-AmandMr. and Mrs. John A. ScrymgeourSuzette de Marigny SmithMrs. Frederick M. StaffordMr. and Mrs. Robert K. SteelSue Erpf Van de BovenkampAndreas Waldburg-WolfeggMr. and Mrs. Edwin L. Weisl, Jr.Dr. and Mrs. Malcolm WienerMrs. Charles Wrightsman
Contributing FellowsAnonymousMrs. Philip AlperdtMr. and Mrs. Henry H. ArnholdMrs. Vincent AstorElizabeth A. BaltzAnne H. BassMr. and Mrs. Sid R. BassLillian Rojtman BerkmanJill Isles BlanchardMr. and Mrs. Garrison W. BrintonMrs. James E. BurkeDorothy and David CarpenterMrs. Christopher C. Y. ChenMr. and Mrs. Michel David-WeillNanne DekkingMrs. Vincent de RouletMrs. Thomas M. EvansJ. O. FairfaxJerald Dillon FessendenMrs. Anastassios FondarasThe William Fox, Jr. FoundationMr. and Mrs. William P. FrankenhoffElise D. Frick and John A. GarratyThe Honorable Sir David and Lady GibbonsRick and Belinda GilbertJoan and Donald J. GordonMr. and Mrs. Mauro A. HerlitzkaWilliam G. Holman and Merida WellesJune Hunt-MayerPeter W. JostenMrs. Allan H. KalmusHelene L. and Mark N. KaplanMary KettanehFrederick R. KochEugene M. and Theresa LangElizabeth R. LarsonDouglas B. Leeds
Miss Chandi NeubauerShira NichamanJennifer J. NillesChristopher NorthCristin M. O’Hara
and Michael S. SullivanMichael J. O’NealMr. and Mrs. Luke PalmerleeNami ParkMr. and Mrs. Angus ParkerCecilia PattizMichael PescatoreAmy and Rob PierceMr. and Mrs. Robert S. Pitts, Jr.Julia E. Power and David E. BurnsJulia Irene PowerJohn Paul PrimianoCaroline PulverIlona Theodora Rand and
William Joseph DotsonRandolph and Susan RandolphLisa RathgeberNorman D. RauMr. and Mrs. Walter C. Reisinger, Jr.Daniel RomualdezJoseph B. and Wendi RoseJosh RosenH. Jonathan and Victoria RotenstreichMarisa RothmanRichard RoyceDr. and Mrs. A. Joseph RudickMr. and Mrs. Bryan RussianoMr. and Mrs. Juan A. SabaterVictoria Love SalnikoffJames Montrose SansumDanielle SapseJill SchaeferScott and Elizabeth SchefrinClaudia Scheuring-BrodaKatherine SchindlerLouise and Benjamin SchliemannMiss Christine ScornavaccaHagen and Elizabeth ScuttErica M. SelimoticMelanni SerafinKathryn ShapiroLisa ShimazakiMr. and Mrs. Edward L. Shugrue IIISarah L. SimmonsMiss Stephanie Anne SirotaMr. and Mrs. E. SkareOlivia SlocumWhitney Sudler SmithMr. and Mrs. Ian Kendall SnowAndrew SolomonUnity Stoakes
Mr. and Mrs. J. Fife Symington IVLiadhain TaitKimberly S. ThomsenLeo M. TilmanMartin J. TornbergJean-Edouard van Praet d’AmerlooWillem J. van ZyverdenJana VolfGenevieve WheelerDonna M. WhittakerScott WilloughbyLaura WintersKristina E. WrennJennifer WrightElizabeth Zabludoff and Edwin Rodriguez
Sustaining FriendsLois Harmon AbramsIrving and Alicia Lambert AlbertMark and Gail AppelAndrew and Amy ArkinPage AshleyMr. and Mrs. Seymour R. Askin, Jr.Antoinette AyresCaroline and James E. BaconPeggy D. BakerSaretta BarnetMarvin and Mary Ellin BarrettSamuel E. and Marion BassJill V. and Lewis W. BernardMr. and Mrs. David BerrayLeonard and Adele BlockJoanne L. BoberStanley M. and Roberta BogenAdam BooksinMary and John BrownFrances Ann BufaloMiriam CahnDr. William E. Cain and
Dr. Barbara Leah HarmanConstance R. CaplanFrank CarmelMichael F. and Deborah A. CharltonNabil N. ChartouniWalter and Ursula CliffLeonard G. Cohn and Jules ArnoldArthur and Linda CollinsDr. Avram M. CoopermanAnthony Crichton-StuartMr. and Mrs. L. Jay CrossBarry and Deirdre CullenDr. and Mrs. Burke A. CunhaAnthony P. CutugnoRichard M. and Peggy DanzigerSylvia de CuevasLeon and Juliet Demb
Timothy P. DurkinBruno and Silvia EberliChristopher EykynRichard FelnerMadison FinlayStella Fischbach and David S. BennaheimMr. and Mrs. David B. ForerJill P. FowlerAnn FreedmanSally R. FrenchMrs. Bernard R. GelbaumReverend Davis GivenMarcia GoldbergJoel M. GoldfrankWendy GoldsmithSaundra GoosenA. Edward Gottesman and Patricia J. MatsonJames and Marilee GreenwaldDr. Augusta GrossKaren GuidiMimi Halpern and Stephen MorrowStephen A. HanselMeredith Harper-WileyJohn Hartje and Carol CamperSpencer and Marlene HaysThomas C. HillsDouglas R. HonnoldMrs. Joel Hutzler, Jr.Earle HymanMr. and Mrs. Edward Hyman, Jr.Jacob and Arlyn ImbermanMiss Willow JohnsonJay W. KaufmanRobert G. KellerRichard Kobusch, Jr.Jan and Marie-Anne KrugierAlvin S. LaneMarilyn Rice ListerGeorge T. LowyNicholas MacleanJudith MarshallDr. and Mrs. Maclyn McCartyKay McCroskyDr. Fletcher McDowellRichard M. McGonigal and Ellen E. HauslerJohn and Veronica McNiffCharles W. MerrelsRichard and Barbara MooreLaura Ellen MorrisLester MorseHadassah K. MusherProfessor Angel M. NavarroCharles John O’ByrneFrancis O’NeillErica O’ReillyMarian Papp
Francis H. WilliamsReid WilliamsDiane WolfWilliam James WyerMrs. Thomas M. WymanVictoria E. ZetenyHenry Steinway Ziegler and
Jourdan Arpelle-Ziegler Mrs. Hans H. Zinsser
Non-Resident FellowsWilliam H. AlexanderDr. and Mrs. Joel BirnbaumMr. and Mrs. Childs Frick BurdenMr. and Mrs. Benton CaseMr. and Mrs. Todd G. ColeMr. and Mrs. Keith E. CrainBaron Alexis de RedeJohn W. Eichleay, Jr.Sarah and Louis ElsonMrs. Joanne duPont FosterSam R. FreemanMichael I. GodbeeDorothy S. GrayMr. and Mrs. Ernest T. HarperMr. and Mrs. Jean-Conrad HottingerMr. and Mrs. Joseph L. Hudson, Jr.Luke KnechtHunter Lewis and Elizabeth Sidamon-EristoffGregory Mesniaeff and Elizabeth BurkeMarsha and Jeffrey MiroGabrielle PizziLord and Lady Ridley-TreeDavid E. RustAdrian SassoonMarianne and Alan SchwartzReagan SilberRuth Carter StevensonMr. and Mrs. Mark L. VenrickMia N. WeinerDr. Richard P. Wunder
Young FellowsEdward A. AllenRobert Michael Anderson and
Kerry Anne WolfeR. Martin AndersonsEdward D. AndrewsKimberly B. AntlerMiss Susan J. ArnesAngelo Cianciulli ArnoneKeith and Alana Kane BarksdaleNancy Ann BassCaroline E. BassettMr. and Mrs. Jonathan S. BeanMr. and Mrs. Anthony Edward Beldotti
Carol and Martin BellDr. and Mrs. Paul BelskyMelissa BerkelhammerT. Paige BetzDavid BiscayeDavid and Arisa BoitEszter Boksay-SillerNatasha F. S. BoncompagniChristina A. BootheHeather and Philip BrandesDan BrayNicole H. Breidbart and Christos DovasMiss Helen M. BurnhamBarry Paul BurtonMaria-Elena CarrionMr. and Mrs. Christopher D. CaseyVincent Casey and Christina BaltzDorothy M. CavanaghBelinda ChanNancy ChernerPaul R. ChristensonMary Harding L. CistMarina Rust ConnorNancy Peyton CooperCatherine A. CormanThomas CostaChristopher CrainMr. and Mrs. George R. Creel IIIJeffrey CurrieMargaret M. de CagnyMr. and Mrs. Frank-Willem de WitElizabeth DeeDr. Teresa Maria Deluca and
Mr. William D. BiscegliaFranco and Rachel DiCarloMr. and Mrs. Brendan DillonBenjamin R. DollerMr. and Mrs. Eleuthere du PontAlexander EatonJean-Louis B. Ecochard and Judi FleischnerKristen Elyse EdgreenAnne Faircloth and Frederick Beaujeu-DufourJessica A. FalvoAlisa Feinstein and Joshua SwidlerJohn Leopoldo FiorillaMrs. Brian E. FlahertyElizabeth A. FlemingMuffy FlouretAmy Mazzola Flynn and Tad FlynnChristine H. FrankenhoffJeffrey S. FreemanAdam B. FrischAmber and Timothy FrumkesTia FuhrmannMary B. GallagherLee White Galvis and Sergio Galvis
Lloyd H. GerryJennifer GerstenfeldKaren and Tom GloverJohn Stuart GordonMr. and Mrs. Philip C. GorrivanErica GraggIrene GrassiLois Harrison and Paul MinigielloKarla Azen HarwichMark Anthony HatsisGregory A. HerrGeorge HoJulian IragorriMelissa JacobsMelissa JenkinsNina and Adrian JonesNicholas KalikowDeanna KangasMr. and Mrs. Edward KaplanMrs. Sanford B. Kaynor, Jr.Abigail KeelerReda KhatimSamuel S. R. KingstonErin and Alex KlatskinJoseph KnightElena Morris KornbluthEmily and James KronenbergMr. and Mrs. Peter KuntzCharlene KuoBrianna W. LamMiss Anne Varick LauderE. Angela LeemansHarrison LeFrakJames LepowSamantha C. LevinHilary LewisEvone LiconMr. and Mrs. Robert K. LindgrenBrandi LiptonMartha and Thomas B. LoringScott LynnMr. and Mrs. David MalpassMr. and Mrs. Steven G. MandisPaul J. MateyunasRachel McHaleMelissa and John McIntyreMr. Donald E. McKnight, Jr.Mr. and Mrs. John L. McWilliams IVNatalie B. MilaniDr. Mark D. MilitanaPamela and Robert MillerMr. and Mrs. Sylvester Miniter IVStacy A. MolaMr. and Mrs. John Henry MoultonMark MurrayHugh K. Murtagh
Mr. and Mrs. Ross PerotMrs. Frederick Supper
FriendsAnonymousJulian Agnew, Agnew’sDavid and Pamela BankerCeCe and Lee BlackPeter and Sofia Blanchard IIIMr. and Mrs. Richard BlanchardMargot and Jeremiah BogertMr. and Mrs. Richard S. BraddockMr. and Mrs. Garrison W. BrintonNicola BulgariI. Townsend Burden IIIW. P. Carey & Co., LLCGuy CaryMr. and Mrs. Howard L. Clark, Jr.Mrs. Keith E. CrainThe Honorable and Mrs. W. J. P. CurleyMarianne Elrick-ManleyAnn FreedmanMrs. Jacqueline M. GarrettMr. and Mrs. Michael E. GellertMr. and Mrs. John R. Hearst, Jr.Mrs. Henry J. Heinz IIMr. and Mrs. Mauro A. HerlitzkaMr. and Mrs. Frederick D. HillDr. Bruce HortenIan Kennedy and Rachel MauroMr. and Mrs. Jack KilgoreSamuel H. Kress FoundationS. KriegerLeila Hadley Luce and Henry Luce IIIDeCourcy McIntoshMrs. Michael A. MilesBernard and Louise PalitzMr. and Mrs. Paul G. Pennoyer, Jr.Robert S. PirieDr. and Mrs. Simon B. PoytaSamuel and Lindsey PryorEben W. PyneClaudia QuentinMrs. Howard L. RossDr. Caroline Rubinstein and
Phillip M. WinegarDavid E. RustMr. and Mrs. Juan A. SabaterEmilia Saint-Amand and
H. Frederick Krimendahl IIArnold Scassi and Parker LaddNikki ScheuerMr. and Mrs. Constantine Sidamon-EristoffSotheby’sGerald G. Stiebel and
Elizabeth F. Stribling and Guy RobinsonSandra and James ThompsonDr. and Mrs. Karl WamslerMr. and Mrs. William M. Weaver, Jr.Lee WeissmanWheelock Whitney IIIIrene WorthHenry Steinway Ziegler and
Jourdan Arpelle-ZieglerMr. and Mrs. Martin J. Zimet
ContributionsJosephine L. Berger-Nadler
and Dr. M. Leon Canick Mr. and Mrs. Peter FrelinghuysenMr. and Mrs. Philip C. GorrivanGloria GurneyKhalil RizkMr. and Mrs. Winthrop Rutherfurd, Jr.
ChairmenMarina Rust ConnorLauren du PontAlexandra von FurstenbergAerin Lauder Zinterhofer
Vice ChairmenAmy Mazzola FlynnNathalie KaplanVictoria Rotenstreich
Event CommitteeLord Rufus AlbermarlePeter BacanovicSamantha BoardmanSerena BoardmanGinny BondCarter BrooksAnne BufordTory BurchLiz CohenKristina and Harry DavisonBrooke and Emilio de OcampoJohn Beverley DuerTia FuhrmannLloyd GerryMark Forrest GilbertsonKarla HarwichDayssi KanavosAndrea E. LansMimi Moulton
Dinner ChairmanSuzette de Marigny Smith
Vice ChairmenWilliam R. AcquavellaMr. and Mrs. Russell B. AitkenDr. Henry Clay Frick IIMr. and Mrs. James B. GubelmannMr. and Mrs. Nicholas H. J. HallMr. and Mrs. Paul Hallingby, Jr.Otto Naumann, Rachel Kaminsky, Bob HaboldtThe Lizabeth and Frank Newman Charitable
FoundationMr. and Mrs. Howard Phipps, Jr.Mr. and Mrs. Eugene V. ThawMr. and Mrs. Wynant D. Vanderpoel III
UnderwritersAnonymousMr. and Mrs. Russell B. AitkenOtto Naumann, Rachel Kaminsky, Bob HaboldtThe Lizabeth and Frank Newman Charitable
FoundationMr. and Mrs. Howard Phipps, Jr.
BenefactorsAcquavella GalleriesChristie’sSuzette de Marigny SmithThe Helen Clay Frick Foundation* Dr. and Mrs. Henry Clay Frick IIMr. and Mrs. James B. GubelmannMr. and Mrs. Nicholas H. J. HallMr. and Mrs. Paul Hallingby, Jr.Mr. and Mrs. Eugene V. ThawMr. and Mrs. Wynant D. Vanderpoel III
*At the request of Helen Clay Chace
PatronsMrs. Vincent AstorDr. and Mrs. Hugh R. K. BarberMr. and Mrs. Perry R. BassW. Mark BradyHelen Clay and Minturn V. ChaceMrs. William Stratton ClarkMrs. Jan CowlesNelly Arrieta de BlaquierMr. and Mrs. Douglas DillonMr. and Mrs. L. F. Boker DoyleMrs. William Fox, Jr. and Lord Benno BordigerMrs. Roswell L. GilpatricMr. and Mrs. Martin LiptonArthur L. LoebMr. and Mrs. Walter Mintz
Frederick W. PattisonDeborah and Thomas PellizziMr. and Mrs. Roger S. PenskePaul I. PilorzEric PolisDr. Donald PosnerMr. and Mrs. Richard G. PowellPaul ProvostBeverly M. PurisRory J. Radding and Nina S. DuchaineDr. Anthony R. RiarioEdward H. Richard and Warren P. KendrickJane L. RichardsMr. and Mrs. John J. RocheJennifer Rogers and Frances RogersTheodore C. and Elizabeth Barlow RogersChristopher F. RuppAlbin SaltonRobert M. Saunders and Susan GaumNancy SchwartzRoberta SelcukerBidyut SenJerome B. ShapiroProfessor Seymour SliveMarvin Smotrich and Gina FarahnickJohn B. SpringerPeace SullivanMarzena SzczeniowskiBrendan and Lisa TanseyLinda M. TavanoMr. and Mrs. Frederick A. Terry, Jr.Gary ThalheimerMary C. TiedemannMarcia K. TownleyMrs. Edward TownsendRichard L. TurnureIsabel B. Van DineMr. and Mrs. Paul VartanianBonnie J. WardAnn Lilly WarrenRichard WedepohlMr. and Mrs. Sy WeinsteinIda L. WileyJ. David WilleMr. and Mrs. John G. Winslow
Supporting FriendsMary BenjaminMr. and Mrs. Alan M. BermanMary A. DixonMr. and Mrs. Bruce A. FactorPhyllis Fox and George SternliebPauline L. HarrisonAlan JonesMr. and Mrs. Ralph KernMr. and Mrs. Gilbert H. Lamphere
Jill L. LeinbachChristine G. LenessMichael and Ann LeskH. C. M. LlewellynDuncan MacGuigan and Charlotte NairnMichael T. MartinJ. Malcolm MorrisGrace M. ParrEdgar A. PimentelDr. Wilbur Rabinowitz and
Ms. Audrey RabinowitzBrenda N. StrausVeronica M. StubbsMr. and Mrs. James F. TomlinsonMr. and Mrs. David ZalaznickClaudia E. and Stanley Zale
Beginning in , the Associates program of the Frick Art Reference Library was incorporated into the Friends and Fellows program. All renewing Associates are listed as Friends or Fellows at the appropriate level and those donor files reflect interest in the Library. Library supporters will be notified of Library programs of interest as they occur.
$, and aboveMorgan Stanley Dean Witter
$, – $,The Armand Hammer FoundationC & S Wholesale Grocers, Inc.Hillcrest Health Service System Inc.Lucent TechnologiesMarlborough Gallery Inc.The McGraw-Hill CompaniesNew York Stock Exchange Foundation, Inc.Pfizer Inc.Prudential Vector Healthcare GroupWilmer, Cutler & Pickering
$, – $,Banco Santander Central HispanoBottega VenetaThe Chinese Porcelain CompanyChristie’sRolls-Royce & Bentley Motor Cars, Ltd.Sotheby’sTiffany & Co.
$, – $,Alfred DunhillAOL Time Warner Inc.Bloomberg LLPThe Chase Manhattan BankFleetBoston FinancialThe H. W. Wilson FoundationPaineWebber Group Inc.
$, – $,ABC, Inc.American Express CompanyChanelColgate-Palmolive CompanyING Barings LLCJohn Wiley & Sons, Inc.Liz Claiborne FoundationMerrill Lynch & Co. Foundation, Inc.Moët & Chandon ChampagnePhilip Morris Companies Inc.Random House, Inc.William Doyle Galleries
Matching Gift Companies
The AES CorporationAT&T FoundationBankBostonBank of AmericaBunge Corporation FoundationThe Charles Schwab Corporation FoundationThe Chase Manhattan FoundationDeutsche Bank FoundationExxonMobil FoundationGannett Foundation, Inc.IBM CorporationJ. P. Morgan & Co., Inc.The May Department Stores Company
FoundationPfizer FoundationPhilip Morris Companies, Inc.Rockefeller Financial Services, Inc.Time Warner Foundation, Inc.
Autumn DinnerHonorary Gala ChairmenMrs. Vincent AstorHelen Clay ChaceMrs. Henry Clay Frick II
Rachel PetersBaroness Lilian Schenk von StauffenbergRachel WagleAnne Waterman
DonorsAlicia AfalonisMr. and Mrs. Jose AldenuevaChristopher D. AllenSharon AllenAlison Altenburg Mr. and Mrs. William N. AmblerMr. and Mrs. David AntonMalcolm Auchincloss Mr. and Mrs. Manuel BalbontinElizabeth BallardMr. and Mrs. Keith BarksdaleLauren BathgateNina Bauer Mr. and Mrs. Martin BellBelinda Bellas Andy BellinDr. and Mrs. Paul BelskyClaire BernardCarolina BernerrochBettina BierlyLaurel BirchMr. and Mrs. Mitchell BluttNatasha F. S. BoncampagniChristina BootheGeoffrey N. BradfieldHerve BraillardStephen BrighentiGeorge R. BrokawVanessa BrookerDawn BrownDylan BrownVanessa BrownMark G. BryantNatalie Bulgari Andrea BundonisPeter BurkeDavid E. BurnsBarry BurtonMargo BushAndrew CalderwoodMr. and Mrs. Peter H. CallahanE. Lea CarpenterRachel CarrMaria-Elena CarrionErik CaspersenLopo Lindley ChampalimaudMelanie CharltonKate ChartenerPaul R. ChristensenKatharine Christopherson
Jennifer M. ChunStephen F. ClarkKatherine CohenMr. and Mrs. Alexander P. ColemanMr. and Mrs. Owen ColliganMr. and Mrs. Mark ColmanSteven ConnellFrank H. ConnellyGordon ConnorMr. and Mrs. Ian ConnorNancy Peyton CooperJames Scot CorlMelissa CorvinMr. and Mrs. Lawrence G. CreelMr. and Mrs. Warren DakinCraig Selimotic DanforthAndre de Baubigny James de GivenchyMr. and Mrs. Michael de HavenonMr. and Mrs. Laurent de MarvalPatrick de PicciottoMr. and Mrs. Frank-Willem de WitMr. and Mrs. Franco Di CarloMr. and Mrs. Anthony DickMr. and Mrs. Brendan DillonMarie-Anne Dreher James DuncanDavid du Pont Mr. and Mrs. Eleuthere du PontMr. and Mrs. Richard S. du Pont, Jr.John D’UrsoSheila ElkinsThomas EwaldSusan Fales-HillGeorge L. FariasPrince and Princess Alexander
Farman-FarmaianElizabeth Feinberg Frederic FekkaiAndrew D. FentressBrian FeuerJohn L. FiorillaMr. and Mrs. Brian FlahertyElizabeth A. FlemingJuliette FlintMr. and Mrs. Ignacio FoncillasInge FonteyneLeah ForesterMr. and Mrs. Christopher G. ForshnerAmanda FrankLee FreyerMr. and Mrs. David FriedTad FriendAdam FrischAmber FrumkesKatherine Fuhrman
Thomas GainesMary B. GallagherMr. and Mrs. Sergio GalvisTyler Geist Felicia Mari GellerJennifer Brody GerstenfeldMr. and Mrs. Thomas GloverMr. and Mrs. Philip C. GorrivanLisa M. GottardoAnne Marie GrausoChristina Green Stefoni GreenfieldDavid Greer Samantha GregoryHannah GriswoldMr. and Mrs. Ferdinand GroosKaren HanesConrad HansonSerena Harding-JonesLeigh HarringtonLaura HarrisMr. and Mrs. DeSales HarrisonMelinda HasethAnne R. HearstLindsay C. Herkness IIIMatthew HerzogLudovic HoodWilliam HoodKaren HousmanPeter Ashby Howard IIMr. and Mrs. Richard HoytJulian IragorriMr. and Mrs. David Collins JohnsonAlexander Johnson Mr. and Mrs. James L. Johnson, Jr.Mr. and Mrs. Adrian JonesMr. and Mrs. Roy JudelsonLaurence JurdemCharles JusterMr. and Mrs. Mark JusthWendy KalnickDeanna KangasMr. and Mrs. Edward KaplanMr. and Mrs. Michael KarangelenMr. and Mr. Sanford B. KaynorChristian K. KeeseeThomas KennedyElizabeth von Kieselstein-CordJulia S. KimTimothy KingstonDr. and Mrs. KinosianSamantha KlugeJill KopelmanMr. and Mrs. Andrew KramerHilary KramerMelydra E. Kramer
Susan Krauss Lisa KressbachMr. and Mrs. James KronenbergSarah KugelmanMaryana KulukundisCharlene KuoRicardo LacerdaJames L. LaForceJack LascheverJoel Lasher Jane LauderSasha LazardBruce LazarusNatalie Leeds Harrison Tucker LeFrakMr. and Mrs. Javier Leon-BermejilloMr. and Mrs. Lawrence W. LepardWilliam D. LeseMr. and Mrs. Francis A. L’EsperanceHallie Levin Danielle A. LevineMr. and Mrs. David W. LevinsonDanielle LevyHilary LewisAlexandra G. LindMr. and Mrs. Robert K. LindgrenCarrie LongMr. and Mrs. Thomas B. LoringChris LukasMr. and Mrs. Justin MacedoniaMr. and Mrs. Richard MackMr. and Mrs. Lance MaerovMark Mahoney Christopher MailmanMr. and Mrs. David MalpassDavid MasseyMr. and Mrs. John MaxwellAlisa MazzolaAlison A. MazzolaPaul McCannMr. and Mrs. Jeffrey McDermottTodd MeisterMr. and Mrs. Matthew MellonTinsley MercerMr. and Mrs. Clifford F. MichelNatalie B. MilaniMr. and Mrs. Robert MillerAlison R. MintonJames MishkaKristen ModayMr. and Mrs. J. Malcolm MorrisJames MorseNatalie Morse Rachel Morse Robert L. MortimerGeorge and Courtney Moss
Mark MurrayJennifer J. NillesLars NillsonMichael NovogratzCristin M. O’HaraMichael O’NealMarie-Anne OudejansMr. and Mrs. John S. PaolellaShelia ParhamMark PedersonMr. and Mrs. David H. PeipersRosanne Pennella Katherine PenningtonNicholas PerkinMuffy J. PerlbinderMr. and Mrs. George PerryJennifer PettitRussell PiccioneLeila PintoDina Pliotis Laura K. PollockJulia E. PowerJulia Irene PowerDavid PrinceMichele PrzypysznyJacqueline Pugh Miguel RaurelK. Cooper RayGregg RenfrewJohn Roach Mr. and Mrs. Mark F. RockefellerTodd Alexander RomanoDaniel RomualdezMr. and Mrs. Joseph B. RoseLouis Rose Beatrice Rossi-LandiBenjamin W. RotenstreichMr. and Mrs. H. Jonathan RotenstreichMr. and Mrs. Richard RubensteinPeter RussellMr. and Mrs. Juan A. SabaterAlexander SachsMortimer SacklerMr. and Mrs. Joseph SambucoJames Montrose SansumDanielle SapseScott A. SchefrinWilliam SchenckMr. and Mrs. Timothy W. SchifterMr. and Mrs. Benjamin SchliemannChristine ScornavaccaJon D. SerbinKatharine ShargalisStanley ShashouaLaurie Sherman Mr. and. Mrs. Andrew Shore
Mr. and Mrs. Neil SigetyReagan SilberMr. and Mrs. Sami SindiCarmen B. T. Slade, Jr.Alexandra C. SmithMr. and Mrs. Ian Kendall SnowMr. and Mrs. Jay T. SnyderStephanie SnyderMr. and Mrs. Gregg SolomonJoshua SolomonKristen Spensieri Daniel SpoorMr. and Mrs. Alvaro StainfeldRandall Ian StemplerMr. and Mrs. Eric C. StephensonLeslie Stevens Merrell Stout Margot StreeterMr. and Mrs. Joseph SugarFrederik Tabi Amanda L. TateFelicia TaylorMartin TornbergJudson B. TraphagenMelissa UngerCharles Deane UrstadtTimothy Van DamMr. and Mrs. Ludewijk Van MoorselJean Edouard van PraetPrince and Princess Alexandre von FurstenbergPrincess Diane von FurstenbergElizabeth von Kieselstein-CordMark VossRonald F. WagnerCharlotte A. WagsterTara WalshFred WeissLee WeissmanEdward Kingman WeldJames G. WentlingMichelle WhitbyMr. and Mrs. John WickhamMr. and Mrs. Andrew S. WilliamsLaura WintersMr. and Mrs. Peter WorthMr. and Mrs. Douglas Wu Prince Michel of YugoslaviaMr. and Mrs. William Lie ZeckendorfMarthe ZeevenhavenMr. and Mrs. Matthew ZiehlBettina ZilkhaMr. and Mrs. Eric ZinterhoferKatie Zorn
Statement of Activities For the year ended December , , with comparative totals for
UnrestrictedBoard Temporarily Permanently Total All Funds December ,
General Designated Totaljy Restricted Restricted
Operating support and revenues Net investment return – percent spending policy $ ,, $................... $ ,, $ ,, $................... $ ,, $ ,,Other interest income , , , , , ,Contributions ,, ,, , ,, ,,Admission fees ,, ,, ,, ,,Membership ,, ,, ,, ,Bookstore sales ,, ,, ,, ,,
,, , ,, ,, ,, ,,Net assets released from restrictions ,, (,) ,, (,,) - -
Total operating support and revenues ,, , ,, , ,, ,,
Operating expensesMuseum programs:
Operations ,, , ,, ,, ,,Special exhibitions, concerts, and lectures , , , ,Bookstore, including cost of sales , , , ,
Total museum programs ,, , ,, ,, ,,
Library programs:Operations ,, , ,, ,, ,,Special programs , , , ,
Total library programs ,, , ,, ,, ,,
Total Programs ,, , ,, ,, ,,
Supporting services:General and administrative ,, , ,, ,, ,,
,, ,, ,, ,
Total supporting services ,, , ,, ,, ,,
Total operating expenses ,, , ,, ,, ,,
Excess (deficiency) of operating support and revenues over operating expenses ,, (,) ,, , ,, ,,
Nonoperating support and revenuesContributions designated for future use , , ,,Net investment return designated for
long-term investment (,,) (,,) (,) (,,) ,,
Total nonoperating support and revenue (,,) (,,) (,) , (,,) ,,
Change in net assets ,, (,,) (,,) (,) , (,,) ,,
Net assets, beginning of year $ ,, $ ,, $ ,, $ ,, $ ,, $ ,, ,,
Net assets, end of year $ ,, $ ,, $ ,, $ ,, $ ,, $ ,, $ ,,
See accompanying notes on page .
Statement ofFinancial PositionDecember , , with comparativeDecember , totals (Note )
Cash and cash equivalents $ ,, $ ,,Contributions receivable , ,Accrued interest and dividends , ,Due from broker
for securities sold ,, ,Other current assets , ,Inventory , ,Investments, at market:
Museum ,, ,,Library ,, ,,
Fixed assets, at cost:Museum ,, ,,Library ,, ,,
Prepaid pension cost ,, ,__________ __________
Total assets $ ,, $ ,,__________ ____________________ __________
Liabilities and Net AssetsAccounts payable
and accrued expenses $ ,, $ ,,Due to broker for
securities purchased ,, ,Accrued post-retirement health
and other benefits ,, ,,__________ __________
Total liabilities ,, ,,
Net assetsUnrestricted ,, ,,Temporarily restricted ,, ,,Permanently restricted ,, ,,__________ __________
Total net assets ,, ,,__________ __________
Total liabilities and net assets $ ,, $ ,,
__________ ____________________ __________
Note ()For purposes of brevity, the December , and finan-cial information presented herein is excerpted from our auditedfinancial statements as prepared by the independent accountingfirm of PriceWaterhouseCoopers, L.L.P., which rendered anunqualified opinion as to those statements in conformance withgenerally accepted accounting principles. This excerpted infor-mation does not include the Statement of Cash Flows or thefootnotes which are integral to a full presentation of the Collec-tion’s financial position. A complete Report of the IndependentAuditors is available by writing to the Development Office ofThe Frick Collection.
Note (): Measure of OperationsThe Collection includes in its definition of operations all revenues and expenses that are an integral part of its programsand supporting activities. The measure of operations includesinvestment income equal to the percent spending rate (see Note() below), and excludes investment return in excess of the percent spending rate, changes in net assets relating to Collectionitems, and unrestricted contributions designated by the Board for long-term investment.
Note (): Spending rateThe Frick Collection’s investments are pooled to facilitate theirmanagement. The Collection manages its pooled investments on a total return basis. To preserve the investments’ long-term purchasing power, the Collection makes available to be spenteach year percent of the investment portfolio’s average marketvalue for the twelve quarters ending the September prior to thebeginning of the year, net of investment and custodial fees.
Kolja BerisajDominic PhilipDelroy SlaterSupervisors
Ainsworth AndersonAdrienne AugustePhillip BellidoPierre BernadotteGloria Blanc-JaitehDwain BredwoodThomas ButlerDaniel CampbellDora CastroThomas DeMariaLesly DesmanglesBorgia EspinalGyamfi FrempongMara GjelajAna GutierrezMartha HallLance HartmanCarmela InfantinoDevaindranauth JamunaprasadHerve Jean-BaptisteBilly Jean-ElyseePierre Jean-FrancoisValentina KekovicJoseph LevasseurRoko LjucovicJames LoBosco Jean MayardHugh McMorrisRiviere MoreauFernando PerezWellesley RobertsonReginal Saint GermainNatasha SinghJames SmithShivekarran TillackGuards
Frick Art ReferenceLibrary Staff during
Patricia BarnettAndrew W. Mellon Librarian
Library Administration Department
Lydia DufourHead, Public Services Administration
Mary Ann E. Kelly Assistant to the Chief Librarian/Coordinator for Library Administration
Carol YoshimuraLibrary Associate for Public Services
Mariko IidaLibrary Assistant for Public Services
Eddie Jones (p.t.)Luciano Johnson (p.t.) Receptionists
Don SwansonChief, Collections Preservation
Jerilyn DavisAssociate Conservator
Kelli PiotrowskiRhonda RougetConservation Associates
Lisa Jensen Anthony ThompsonConservation Assistants
Darlene Louis (p.t.)Clerk
Deborah KempeChief, Collections Management & Access
Mark BresnanHead, Bibliographic Records
Patricia SiskaPaul SchuchmanAssociate Catalogers
Amy GaleAssistant Cataloger
Rodica PredaCoordinator (Retrospective Conversion Project)
Christina Peter (Acquisitions)Jesse Sadia (Auction Sale Catalogs)Amy Schwarz (Periodicals)Cataloging Associates
Christina Hostetter (Retrospective Conversion Project)Charles Basman (p.t.) Lotte Falkenberg (p.t.)Alida Lasker (p.t.)Cataloging Assistants
Anthony JonesElizabeth Duffy (p.t.)Acquisitions Assistants
Sheila Strasser (p.t.)Research Assistant
Inge ReistChief, Collections Development & Research
Kerry SullivanHead, Photographic Records
Julie SheanAssociate Photoarchivist
Louisa Wood RubyDorothy Devenney (p.t.)Rita Havivi (p.t.)Ellen Prokop (p.t.) Assistant Photoarchivists
Karen MaakePhotoarchive Associate
Scott Mangieri Valeria Kondratiev (p.t.)Margaret Rose (p.t.)Henry Sturtevant (p.t.)Photoarchive Assistants
Irene AvensHead, Reference Services
James MitchellAssistant Reference Librarian
Rémi CastonguayLibrary Associate for Reference & Research
Ian TitusManager of Pages
Lorenzo De Los AngelesAnthony ReddingMark SchmidtSenior Pages/Technicians
Warren Bobb (p.t.) Felix Esquivel (p.t.) Pages/Technicians
Information Systems Department (Institution-wide)
Floyd SweetingHead, Information Systems
Brian NicholsManager, Information Technology
Vivian GillManager, Digital Information
Ada MusheyevaNetwork & PC Support/Technical Assistant
Reginald Oleus (p.t.)PC Technical Support Assistant
Georgigy Bangiyev (p.t.)Technical Assistant
Archives & Records Management Department(Institution-wide)
Sally Brazil (p.t.)Archivist
Susan Chore (p.t.)Archives Associate
Note: (p.t.) indicates part-time
Brian A. AndersonSenior Galleries Technician
Antonio Petracca (p.t.)Art Handler
Edwin FahnbullenCleaning Supervisor
Hildefonso ArriagaJohn BensonMarie BrannCarmen CalderonSoeurette EtienneBerthie LazareWinston McLeodLouisa MoreauJose OrtizFritz PierreTerrence PorterCarlos VargasCleaners
José Antonio HuebeKitchen Manager
Konstantin PagiAssistant Kitchen Manager
Theana BernadotteImmacula CadetConceptia SaintilKitchen Assistants
Karl Galen LeeHorticultural Designer
Bernadette Morrell (p.t.)Assistant Horticulture
Neil OatmanHead of Security
Willie BryantDigna DelanceEdward PeanaSergeants
The Frick CollectionStaff during
Samuel Sachs II Director
Rebecca Rex Assistant to the Director/Coordinator of Individual Giving
Margaret TouborgSpecial Advisor to the Director
Administration & Finance Department
Robert Goldsmith Deputy Director for Administration
Martha Hackley Executive Assistant
Michael Paccione Controller
Chuyon YiFinancial Analyst
Diane Oatman Payroll/Benefits Coordinator
William Traylor Accounting Coordinator
Meryl MagidPurchasing and Supply Room Assistant
Colin B. BaileyChief Curator
Margaret IaconoCuratorial Assistant to the Chief Curator
Susan Grace GalassiCurator
Barbara O. RobertsObjects Conservator
Amy HermanEducation Coordinator
Brian BoucherEducation Liaison
Richard di LibertoPhotographer
Martin DuusManager of Development
Daniel VincentAssociate Manager of Development
Heidi Rosenau Communications Officer
Lucy RocheDevelopment Associate
Kathleen HelalDevelopment Assistant
Public Program Department
Joyce BodigCoordinator of Concerts and Special Events
Sales and Information Department
Katherine GerloughManager of Sales and Information
Meglena Zapreva-KirkbrideAssistant Manager
Susan TaborNancy McGeorgeSales and Information Coordinators
Elise AlexanderScott AltmanMuriel BalashDeborah BlackJennifer CullenJanice DuganBarbara FeldkampCoral GrohAnn JaffeBirsen OzbilgeDanielle RedaAllison RuddockMonica SandsMarcia WellerSales and Information Staff (p.t.)
Dennis SweeneyManager of Operations
Joseph CorselloChief Engineer
Colm McCormacAssistant Chief Engineer
Vladimir KeylinJohn KowalskiHarold MillinThomas PugliaMikhail ShustermanJoseph TurtonEngineers
Copyright © The Frick Collection East Seventieth StreetNew York, NY
Editor: Rebecca BrookeDesign: The Oliphant PressPrinter: Thames Printing
Richard di Liberto: pp. , , , , , , (top), , , Bill Cunningham/NYT Pictures: p. Fernando Bengoechea: p. © National Gallery, London: p. © Graphische Sammlung Albertina, Vienna: p. © American Federation of the Arts: p. Christine A. Butler: pp. , , , , , Ellen Page Wilson Courtesy of PaceWildenstein: p. © The Osiris Trio: p. Andrea Brizzi: pp. , , (bottom), © , Karsh, Ottawa: p. Nina Roberts: p.
The main Reading Room of the Frick Art ReferenceLibrary reflects Library founder Helen Clay Frick’s interest in Italian art and architecture. More than , readers use the Library annually.Photograph by Andrea Brizzi.
In , Helen Clay Frick founded the Frick Art Reference Library in the bowling alley of the Frick house, a space that it very quickly outgrew. The Libraryagain outgrew a subsequent building before the construction of its current home at E. st Street.Photograph by Ira W. Martin, c. .