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UFT Basics

UFT BasicsArchana Krushnan

AgendaUFT IDE OverviewKeyword and expert viewRecord and PlayObject IdentificationTest ResultsCheckpointsError HandlingRecovery Scenarios

UFT IDE OverviewUFT IDE consists ofSolution ExplorerSolution Explorer shows all the components associated with a test in a hierarchical manner. To see this pane, go to View > Solution Explorer.Menu BarIt contains all the menu links.Properties windowIt shows the test details like author , created by, Test add ins, Description and facilitates addition and modifications of new settings. To view this pane, choose View > Properties.Tool BoxThe tool box conatains the list if library and local functions and object repository and allows user to drag and drop the same. To view this pane, choose View > ToolBox.Output TabOutput tab allows user to view the run time output. To view this pane, choose View > Output.Data TabThe data tab shows data related to test in a spreadsheet. To view this pane, choose View > Data.Error PaneThe error pane shows all detected errors. To view this pane, choose View > Errors.

UFT IDE Overview

Keyword and Expert ViewKeyword View

Keyword view facilitates user to enter and view code in a tabular format, User can generate steps, add parameters and perform operations.User can easily add steps and understand the flow.Does not require any coding skill.User can choose keyword view from View >Keyword View.

Expert View

Expert view facilitates user write code in a VB Script, User can generate code, debug and run it.User has to write a code in VB scriptUser can choose keyword view from View >Editor.

Keyword ViewExpert View

Record and Play BackRecord and playback is a functionality which allows user to record user actions and play them back.After recording UFT generates the code , which can be played back to simulate recorded actions.For the web based testing, recording is supported on Internet Explorer both 32 and 64 bit version and even on Apple safari (on Remote Mac computer). Recording is not supported on firefox or chrome browsers, although it can execute the scripts on these browser with some modifications.

Modes of RecordingNormal Recording: This is the default Recording mode that records the objects and the operations performed on the application under test.Analog Recording: This records not only the keyboard actions but also the mouse movements relative to the screen or the application window.Low-Level Recording: This records the exact co-ordinates of the objects independent of the fact whether UFT recognizes the object or NOT. It just records the co-ordinates, hence does NOT record mouse movements.Insight Recording: UFT records operation based on its appearance and NOT based on its native properties.

Object RepositoryObject repository is a container which contains all the objects and stores its unique properties by which it will identify the objects.

UFT has a utility Object Spy which helps UFT in identifying the unique properties of the object and stores them in OR.

There are 2 Types of Object Repository (OR)Shared ORLocal OR

Test ResultsThis window shows the test summary after each execution of test.It consist of the followingTest SummaryTest passed and Test FailedGraph ResultsThe test results can be exported following file formatsPdfHTML fileWe can configure the test to take screen shots in case of errors and warningsWe can also configure defect tracking tool to report defects upon error.

Test Status Summary

Check PointCheckpoint refers to the validation point that compares the actual properties of object with expected value.There are several checkpoints available in UFT

CheckpointPropertyStandard CheckpointCompares object value propertyPage CheckpointCompares no. of links, created time, page propertiesBitmap CheckpointCompares 2 bitmapsImage CheckpointCompares image propertiesText CheckpointCompares text value of objectsAccessibility CheckpointsChecks w3 standards of the siteDatabase CheckpointsCompares data values from databaseTable CheckpointCompares values in a webtableXML CheckpointsChecks content in XML

Error HandlingError handling catches the error and handles them within the code.Types of Error handling Methods :

SNOError handling MethodsDescription1Error Handling MethodsUsing QTP Test settings, Errors can be handled in QTP.2SynchronizationMatches the AUT and automation script time by adding wait or adding synchronization points.3On error method On error method is used to handle any runtime errors and decide the flow of the test, Eg: On Error resume next.4Recovery ScenariosRecovery Scenarios handle the unexpected errors which occur at run time.5Reporter ObjectsReporter Object helps us to report an event to the run results. It helps us to identify if the concerned action/step is pass/fail.6Using Err objectErr objects are used for storing errors generated at run time.7Conditional statementsIf else statements can be used to write conditions to handle errors.

Recovery ScenariosRecovery Scenarios handle the unexpected errors which occur at run time.Recovery scenario consists of Trigger Event - The action or event which interrupts the application. For E.g.: Pop Up.Recovery Operations - The operation which helps to recover from that scenario. E.g. : Closing the pop up.Post Recovery Test Run The instruction on how the rest of the test should run and continue. Eg: Repeating the test or skipping it etc.Recovery scenarios are saved in recovery scenario files having the extension.rs. A recovery scenario file is a logical collection of recovery scenarios, grouped according to your own specific requirements.

Author Biography

Professional History and Credentials:

Archana Krushnan is currently working as Test Analyst at Nihilent Technologies Pvt Ltd. She has been in the field of Software Testing for more than 5 years and worked on several domains such as Telecom, Ecommerce and Healthcare. She has previous experiences of working with companies like Reliance Communications Ltd and Fab.com. Her interests include exploring new things in testing and sharing on her blog..

Thanks !!!

Prepared By : Archana KrushnanTest Analyst

For any queries Please email,Email : [email protected]