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IBM eServer pSeries © 2004 IBM Corporation UNIX at IBM : Today and Tomorrow Rami Nadiv Manager of eServer Brands IBM Israel [email protected] Emet event Hilton Tel-Aviv 4.4.2005

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IBM eServer pSeries

© 2004 IBM Corporation

UNIX at IBM :Today and Tomorrow

Rami NadivManager of eServer BrandsIBM [email protected]

Emet eventHilton Tel-Aviv4.4.2005

IBM eServer pSeries

© 2004 IBM Corporation

I

IBM eServer Series

zSeries�Mainframe� zOS, Linux

xSeries�Enterprise Intel� Windows, Linux

iSeries/i5�Midrange� i5/OS, Linux, AIX

BladeCenter�New �Scale-out� Windows, Linux

AIX

pSeries/p5�High performance� AIX, Linux, i5/OS

IBM eServer pSeries

© 2004 IBM Corporation

I

The IBM eServer p5 family of systems50 industry leadership benchmarks*

1-way to 64-way

** US List Price as of February 8, 2005. Prices are subject to change without notice and reseller prices may vary.http://www.ibm.com/servers/ca/en/eserver/pseries/hardware/entry/510express_browse.html

Up to2-way1.65GHz POWER5

p5-520

p5-520 Express

Up to 2-way1.5GHz POWER5

Up to 4-way1.65GHz POWER5

p5-550

p5-550 Express

Up to 4-way1.5GHz POWER5

p5-570

p5-570 Express

Up to 8-way1.5GHz POWER5

Up to 16-way1.65 GHz POWER51.9GHz POWER5

p5-595Up to 64-way1.65 GHz POWER51.9GHz POWER5

p5-590Up to 32-way

1.65GHz POWER5

Up to 2-way, 2U

1.65GHz POWER5

p5-510

p5-510 Express

Up to 2-way, 2U

1.5GHz POWER5

p5-5758-way1.9GHz

POWER5

*Source for ��p5 systems benchmarks: http://ibm.com/eserver/benchmarks

IBM eServer pSeries

© 2004 IBM Corporation

I

� Tuned for Linux� Virtualization designed to lower

operational costs � Leading-edge performance� Enterprise Class RAS

Introducing the IBM eServer OpenPower™

Family of entry IBM POWER5™ systems tuned for the Linux OS

IBM eServer pSeries

© 2004 IBM Corporation

I

POWER : The Most Scaleable Architecture

IBM eServer pSeries

© 2004 IBM Corporation

I

Autonomic Computing Enhancements

•Simultaneous multi-threading •Micro-Partitioning•Dynamic firmware updates•Enhanced scalability•High throughput performance•Enhanced cache/memory subsystem

2004POWER5

130 nm

Shared L2

> GHzCore

> GHz Core

Distributed Switch

2005-6POWER5+

90 nm

Shared L2

>> GHz Core

>> GHz Core

Distributed Switch

2007POWER6

65 nm

L2 caches

Ultra-high frequency cores

AdvancedSystem Features

2001POWER4

•Chip multiprocessing- Distributed switch- Shared L2

•Dynamic LPARs (16)

Distributed Switch

Shared L2

1+ GHzCore

180 nm

1+ GHzCore

2002-4POWER4+

•Reduced size•Lower power•Larger L2•More LPARs (32)

Shared L2

1.5+ GHz Core

1.5+ GHz Core

130 nm

Distributed Switch

IBM POWER technology roadmapPlanned * Planned *

* All statements regarding IBM future direction and intent are subject to change or withdrawal without notice, and represent goals and objectives only.

IBM eServer pSeries

© 2004 IBM Corporation

I

POWER5 Simultaneous Multi-Threading (SMT)

Thread1 active

Thread0 active

Legend

No Thread active

Processor Cycles

FX0FX1LS0LS1FP0FP1BRXCRL

POWER5 (Simultaneous Multi-Threading)

POWER4 (Single Threaded)

Processor Cycles

FX0FX1LS0LS1FP0FP1BRXCRL

• Utilizes unused execution unit cycles• Dispatch two threads per processor• Makes each CPU look like two CPUs to the

operating system• Net result:

Better performance (up to 30%)Better processor utilization

Sys

tem

thro

ughp

ut

SMTST

Appears as 4 CPUs per chip to the

operating system (AIX 5L V5.3 and

Linux)

IBM eServer pSeries

© 2004 IBM Corporation

I

IBM Power Architecture TechnologyA platform for innovation

Power Everywhere™

Ecosystem

Over 1700 IBM Business Partners Embracing Power

Architecture technology

IBM eServer pSeries

© 2004 IBM Corporation

I

Cell processor named '2004 Best Technology‘ (*)

(*) By Microprocessor Report

• Developed by a partnership between Sony, Toshiba, IBM

• More than 400 M$ investment • Based on POWER Architecture • 4 Ghz cheap

”Supercomputer-on-a-chip"

IBM eServer p5

© 2005 IBM Corporation

Micro

AIX 5L V5.2

*Available for 1.65 GHz p5-570, p5-590, p5-595 models

i5/OS*

AIX 5L V5.3Linux

— on the same system— on the same processor— at the same time

Run AIX 5L, Linux and i5/OS on eServer p5 systemsDesigned so you can use the right OS for your business

IBM eServer pSeries

© 2004 IBM Corporation

AIX 5L Highlights

�64-bit UNIX operating system �Interoperability and coexistence between 32- and 64-bit applications�Logical Partitioning (LPAR)�Linux Affinity and AIX Toolbox for Linux Applications�Workload Manager �Logical Volume Manager�High capacity Journaled File System �Web-based System Manager

IBM eServer pSeries

© 2004 IBM Corporation

AIXAIX

LinuxLinux

AIX 5L Linux Affinity:AIX 5L Linux Affinity:Integration Value & GoalsIntegration Value & Goals

�Develop on any Linux platform �Common source, tools, development operating system

�Start small �Linux/Intel servers

�With assurance of scaling with Power�Superior RAS of AIX

�Encourage AIX-friendly development�AIX the easiest,and best UNIX platform to port to

IBM eServer pSeries

© 2004 IBM Corporation

Manage AIX via Internet "from anywhere" on Java-enabled browsers

Comprehensive System Management

�Manage multiple AIX systems �Resource Monitoring Console�Object-Oriented User Interface�TaskGuides�Automatically installed�Runs as browser applets or Java applications ( Windows, Linux, AIX).

AIX 5L Web-based System Manager

IBM eServer pSeries

© 2004 IBM Corporation

AIX 5L Workload Management

��������

����������

��������

�������

����

Targets LimitsGroupUser Appl

���

Whatresources ?

Who getsresource ?

Equivalentimportance

How muchresources ?

CPU, physical memory, and disk I/O resources managed independently

IBM eServer pSeries

© 2004 IBM Corporation

AIX 5L V5.3 Highlights

� POSIX Realtime APIsDevelopment environment

� POWER5 support� 64-way SMP� Simultaneous Multi-Threading processor

Enterprise scalability

� IBM Advanced POWER Virtualization option � Micro-Partitioning:

Virtual networking and storagePartition Load Manager

Resource management

IBM eServer pSeries

© 2004 IBM Corporation

� Micro-Partitioning� Virtual networking, I/O

IBM AdvancedPOWER VirtualizationOption

� RHEL AS 3� 64-bit kernel enablement� POWER5 support

Red Hat

� SLES 9� 64-bit kernel enablement� POWER5 support� Dynamic LPAR

SUSELINUX

Linux on POWER5

IBM eServer pSeries

© 2004 IBM Corporation

I

IBM Virtualization Engine Suite for Servers� System provisioning� Cross platform workload management� Multiplatform system management� Grid services

IBM Virtualization Engine systems technologies� Dynamic LPAR� Micro-Partitioning � Cross-partition workload

management� Virtual LAN� Virtual I/O

IBM Virtualization Engine Suite For Storage* � IBM TotalStorage® SAN Volume Controller� IBM TotalStorage SAN File System� IBM TotalStorage Productivity Center

*TotalStorage elements are part of IBM TotalStorage Open Software Family

IBM Virtualization Engine systems technologies make IBM eServer p5 systems unique to the UNIX world

IBM Virtualization Engine

IBM eServer pSeries

© 2004 IBM Corporation

I

POWER4 Logical Partitioning (LPAR)Create Customized Servers From Pool of Resources

� Each partition can support an independent operating system image

�Hardware and firmware mechanisms provide partition isolation

�Dynamic LPAR - Move processors, memory and I/O without rebooting

� Partition faults do notaffect other partitions

Hardware Management Console (HMC)

I/O adaptersand devices

OS OS OS

Processors

Memory

LPAR 1 LPAR 2 LPAR 3

Hypervisor

Ethernet

IBM eServer pSeries

© 2004 IBM Corporation

��p5 Advanced POWER Virtualization optionVirtual I/O server

– Shared Ethernet – Shared SCSI and

Fibre Channel-attached disk subsystems

– Supports AIX 5L V5.3 and Linux* partitions

Micro-Partitioning– Share processors across

multiple partitions– Minimum partition 1/10th

processor– AIX 5L V5.3 or Linux*

Partition Load Manager– Both AIX 5L V5.2 and

AIX 5L V5.3 supported– Balances processor and

memory request

Managed via HMC* SLES 9 or RHEL AS 3

Hypervisor

LinuxAIX 5LV5.2

Dynamically resizable

4 CPUs

2CPUs

6 CPUs

Linu

x

Linu

x

AIX

5L

V5.

3

Virtual I/O paths

AIX

5L

V 5

.3

AIX

5L

V5.

3

AIX

5L

V5.

3

AIX

5L

V5.

3

Micro-partitioning

AIX 5LV5.3

6CPUs

Ethernetsharing

Virtual I/O server

partitionStoragesharing

1 CPU

IBM eServer pSeries

© 2004 IBM Corporation

POWER5 Micro-Partitioning

Micro-partitions

Pool of 6 CPUs

Linu

x

AIX

5L V

5.3

AIX

5L

V5.

3

AIX

5L

V5.

3

Linu

x

Entitledcapacity

Hypervisor

Min

Max

*on p5 590/595

AIX

5L

V5.

2

AIX

5L

V5.

3DynamicLPARs

WholeProcessors

Allows the server to have up to 10 partitions per CPU

Shared Processor poolProvides a pool of processing power that

is shared between micro-partitions

Entitled capacityMinimum 1/10 of a CPUIncrements in units of 1/100 of a CPU

Capped or uncapped partitions

Increased number of LPARs– Micro-Partitions: up to 254*

Configured via the HMC

IBM eServer pSeries

© 2004 IBM Corporation

I

Virtual Ethernet overview

� Memory-based inter-partition LAN

� Network adapters are not needed for inter-partition communication

� IP forwarding provided by I/O Server partition

� Can have multiple connections per partition

AIX AIX LinuxI/O Server partition

Virtual Ethernet driver

Virtual Ethernet driver

Virtual Ethernet driver

Hypervisor

Network adapters

LAN, WAN, …

Packet forwarder

Virtual Ethernet switch

��

IBM eServer pSeries

© 2004 IBM Corporation

� Policy-based, automatic partition resource tuning� Can dynamically adjust CPU and memory allocations

Before resource tuningUnbalancedresourceallocation

3 CPU

TestLPAR

Agent

5 CPU

CRMLPAR

Agent

6 CPU

FinanceLPAR

Agent

CPU CPU

Partition Load Manager*

1 CPU

TestLPAR

Agent

3 CPU

CRMLPAR

Agent

10 CPU

FinanceLPAR

Agent

CPU CPU CPU

Adjustresourceallocationbased on businessprioritiesAfter tuning

* Note: optional feature

��

IBM eServer pSeries

© 2004 IBM Corporation

Capacity Upgrade on Demand� Upgrade system with processors and/or memory� No special contracts, no required monitoring (no ability to turn off the capacity)� Purchase agreement

On/Off Capacity on Demand (Post paid)� Temporary use of requested number of processors or amount of memory � Client selects the capacity and activates the resource (registered system)� Capacity can be turned on and off by the client� Information captured by IBM (or reported to IBM)� Rental agreement

Reserve Capacity on Demand (Pre paid)� Processor resources only (processor days) � Capacity can be turned on and off by the client� Prepaid debit agreement� Requires AIX 5L V5.3 and APV (Advance POWER Virtualization)

Trial Capacity on Demand� Allow clients to test the effects of additional processors and/or memory � Partial or total activation of processors and memory� Resources available for fixed time� No formal commitment required

Capacity on Demand for eServer p5 systems

��

IBM eServer pSeries

© 2004 IBM Corporation

I

Gartner Magic Quadrant for Enterprise Servers, 2004

“IBM continues to executewell on its pSeries strategy,

maintaining the top positionin this year's update.

pSeries execution has been strong throughout 2004, and offers high-end levels of performance that few other

server vendors can match.

This assessment is also based on the Power4+ technology, so with the new Power5-based servers getting ready to ship in volume, their opportunities for quadrant leadership should remain strong.”

��

IBM eServer pSeries

© 2004 IBM Corporation

I

IBM eServer Series: the emerging UNIX leaderTrends forecast by Gartner*

� Through 2008, the server operating system shakeout will continue and the server microprocessor shakeout will accelerate

� Only three server OSs predicted to grow share —Microsoft Windows, Linux and AIX®

� Only three server microprocessor architectures predicted to grow share—IA-32, IPF and POWER

� AIX will approach or overtake Solaris as the #1 UNIX operating system

*CIO Update: The March of Linux in the Enterprise. Gartner ResearchMarch 10, 2004

��

IBM eServer p5 and OpenPower

I

© 2005 IBM Corporation

�July 2004: IBM introduced eServer p5 systems with jaw-dropping performance and unique virtualization capabilities

�July – November 2004: eServer p5 systems take leadership in 50 industry benchmarks (By 3/05, over 59 leadership benchmarks for all IBM POWER5™ systems)*

�Fourth quarter 2004: IBM takes #1 UNIX revenue share leadership**

IBM eServer p5 systemsChanging the way the world buys servers for UNIX® and Linux® OS environments

**Source: IDC Quarterly Server Tracker 2/05*Source for ��p5 systems benchmarks: http://ibm.com/eserver/benchmarks

��

IBM eServer pSeries

© 2004 IBM Corporation

I

IBM eServer p5: Get the power!

� Jaw-dropping performance

�Unique IBM virtualization technologies

�Capacity on Demand

�Multiple operating systems run simultaneously in logical partitioning

Make No Compromises. Accept No Limitations.

��

IBM eServer pSeries

© 2004 IBM Corporation

I

Useful Links

� IBM Servers: http://www.ibm.com/servers�

� IBM POWER product line: http://www.ibm.com/servers/eserver/power/

� IBM p5: http://www.ibm.com/servers/eserver/pseries/

� IBM AIX 5L: http://www.ibm.com/servers/aix/index.html

� POWER Org: http://power.org/

��

IBM eServer pSeries

© 2004 IBM Corporation

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����

BedanktDutch

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