verdun and somme
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DESCRIPTIONVerdun and Somme. 1916 Around 698,000 deaths (French and German) at Verdun At Somme – Britain lost 60,000 in one day Total estimated 420,000 British, 200,00 French, and 500,000 Germans at Somme These battles show the futility of this “new kind of war” - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
Verdun and Somme• 1916• Around 698,000 deaths (French and
German) at Verdun • At Somme – Britain lost 60,000 in
one day • Total estimated 420,000 British,
200,00 French, and 500,000 Germans at Somme
• These battles show the futility of this “new kind of war”
• What new types of warfare made this possible?
26.2 A New Kind of War• Objective: We will explore the new
warfare tactics used, and the effects this had on populations of the world.
Western Front•Germans sweep through France towards Paris. •First Battle of the Marne drives Germans back.
•Schleiffen Plan no longer an option. Russia now invades and Germany fighting 2 fronts.
Trench Warfare• Started along Western Front for
protection and because they were outnumbered. W/ modern tech. Small numbers could hold out.
• “Race to the Sea”• Life in trenches• What was “No Man’s Land”? • Casualties
Tanks• First used during the Battle of the
Somme (British Mark 1 Tank) 1916• Designed to break stalemates and
cross “no man’s land”
WAR IN THE AIR: Zeppelins & Biplanes
•Germans first use chlorine gas at Ypres in 1915•Allies retaliate•Delivered by artillery
TYPES:Chlorine Gas (Phosgene)Mustard Gas
Chemical Warfare - Choking agents (chlorine/phosgene) - Blister agents (mustard) - Irritants (tear gas) also used
Machine Guns - European
Question• In which ways as warfare affected by
Eastern Front•German/Russian border•Nationalistic fighting w/Russians and Serbs vs. Austria, Germany, Ottoman Empire. •Repeated offensives by both sides led to massive casualties.•Tannenberg is example.
•10,000 of 150,000 escaped
Russia• Continuous lack of supplies for
troops• Germans/Ottomans blocked naval
support.• What did Russia do for the allies?
• Didn’t allow Germany to use full force in the West.
• Lost massive amounts of men, continued to recruit and lose more. Leads to domestic problems.
• World War spreads to Africa and Asia.
Global War•Japan and Italy join Allies, widening conflict. •Gallipoli campaign looked to take the Dardanelles (1915-1916).
•Allies suffered over 250,000 casualties, disaster.
Around the World
• T.E. Lawrence and Britain topple Ottoman cities.
• Allies took German colonies in Africa• Colonial subjects fighting for allies.