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  • Slide 1
  • 2014 Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet 1 Key facts, figures and tables Overview of Australian Indigenous health status 2013
  • Slide 2
  • 2 www.healthinfonet.ecu.edu.au Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet 2014 Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet Indigenous population At 30 June 2013, the estimated Australian Indigenous population was 698,583 In 2013, NSW had the highest number of Indigenous people (216,612 people, 31% of the total Indigenous population). In 2013, the NT had the highest proportion of Indigenous people in its population (30% of the NT population were Indigenous). In 2011, around 33% of Indigenous people lived in a capital city. There was a 21% increase in the number of Indigenous people counted in the 2011 Census compared with the 2006 Census. The Indigenous population is much younger than the non- Indigenous population.
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  • 3 www.healthinfonet.ecu.edu.au Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet 2014 Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet Estimated Indigenous population, by jurisdiction, Australia, 30 June 2013 Notes: 1.Preliminary estimates are subject to revision; population projections are expected to be finalised by 2014 2.Australian population includes Jervis Bay Territory, the Cocos (Keeling) Islands, and Christmas Island 3.Proportions of jurisdiction population have used total population figures estimated from demographic information for June 2013 Source: ABS, 2014 JurisdictionIndigenous populationProportion of Australian Indigenous population (%)Proportion of jurisdiction population (%) NSW 216,61231.02.9 Vic 49,7157.10.9 Qld 198,20628.44.3 WA 91,89813.23.6 SA 38,9815.62.3 Tas 25,2693.64.9 ACT 6,5170.91.7 NT 71,11110.229.5 Australia 698,583100.03.0
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  • 4 www.healthinfonet.ecu.edu.au Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet 2014 Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet Population pyramid of Indigenous and non-Indigenous populations, 30 June 2011 Source: ABS, 2012
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  • 5 www.healthinfonet.ecu.edu.au Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet 2014 Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet Births and pregnancy outcome In 2012, there were 18,295 births registered in Australia with one or both parents identified as Indigenous (6% of all births registered). In 2012, Indigenous mothers were younger than non-Indigenous mothers; the median age was 24.8 years for Indigenous mothers and 30.7 years for all mothers. In 2012, total fertility rates were 2,710 births per 1,000 for Indigenous women and 1,933 per 1,000 for all women.
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  • 6 www.healthinfonet.ecu.edu.au Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet 2014 Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet In 2011, the average birthweight of babies born to Indigenous mothers was 3,187 grams compared with 3,375 grams for babies born to non-Indigenous mothers. In 2011, the proportion of low birthweight babies born to Indigenous women was twice that of non-Indigenous women (12.6% compared with 6.0%).
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  • 7 www.healthinfonet.ecu.edu.au Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet 2014 Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet Age-specific fertility rates, by Indigenous status of mother, selected jurisdictions, Australia, 2012 Source: ABS, 2013 Notes: 1.Rates per 1,000 women in each age-group 2.Figures are not provided for Tas and the ACT because of the small numbers involved and doubts about the level of identification of Indigenous births, but numbers for those jurisdictions are included in figures for Australia Status of mother / age-group (years) Jurisdiction NSWVicQldWASANTAustralia Indigenous mothers 15-19676884106689079 20-24149133165170138137151 25-29143 159161133113144 30-341061051121148977103 35-39496556 493752 40-44141214 6.31013 All mothers 15-1914112219165116 20-2452426657529953 25-2910296112102108106103 30-34127133123124 112127 35-3974806367655872 40-4417 13141315
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  • 8 www.healthinfonet.ecu.edu.au Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet 2014 Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet Total fertility rates, by Indigenous status of mother, selected jurisdictions, Australia, 2012 Source: ABS, 2013 Notes: 1.Total fertility rate is the number of children born to 1,000 women at the current level and age pattern of fertility 2.Figures are not provided for Tas and the ACT because of the small numbers involved and doubts about the level of identification of Indigenous births. Numbers for those jurisdictions are included in figures for Australia Status of mother Jurisdiction NSWVicQldWASANTAustralia Indigenous 2,6522,6352,9533,1032,4112,3222,710 All mothers 1,9321,8911,9971,9131,8982,2061,933
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  • 9 www.healthinfonet.ecu.edu.au Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet 2014 Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet Mean birthweights and percentage of low birthweight for babies born to Indigenous and all mothers, by jurisdictions, Australia, 2011 Notes: 1.Low birthweight is defined as less than 2,500 grams Source: Li, Zeki, Hilder, and Sullivan, 2013 NSWVicQldWASATasACTNTAustralia Indigenous mothers Mean birthweight 3,2293,2463,2153,1443,1163,2062,9293,0893,187 % low birthweight 11.612.611.213.015.213.227.215.612.6 Non-Indigenous mothers Mean birthweight 3,3723,3713,3773,3553,3403,3813,3433,2753,367 % low birthweight 5.86.36.46.06.97.68.19.66.3
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  • 10 www.healthinfonet.ecu.edu.au Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet 2014 Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet Indigenous mortality In 2006-2010, the age-standardised death rate for Indigenous people was 1.9 times the rate for non-Indigenous people. Between 1991 and 2010, there was a 33% reduction in the death rates for Indigenous people in WA, SA and the NT. For Indigenous people born 2010-2012, life expectancy was estimated to be 69.1 years for males and 73.7 years for females, around 10-11 years less than the estimates for non-Indigenous males and females. In 2008-2012, age-specific death rates were higher for Indigenous people than for non-Indigenous people across all age-groups, and were much higher in the young and middle adult years.
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  • 11 www.healthinfonet.ecu.edu.au Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet 2014 Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet For 2010-2012, the infant mortality rate was higher for Indigenous infants than for non-Indigenous infants; the rate for Indigenous infants was highest in the NT. From 1991 to 2010, there were significant declines in infant mortality rates for Indigenous and non-Indigenous infants in WA, SA and the NT. For 2012, the leading causes of death among Indigenous people were cardiovascular disease, neoplasms (almost entirely cancers), and injury. In 2003-2005, maternal mortality ratios were 2.7 times higher for Indigenous women than for non-Indigenous women.
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  • 12 www.healthinfonet.ecu.edu.au Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet 2014 Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet Jurisdiction Indigenous rate Non-Indigenous rate Rate ratio NSW9625981.6 Qld1,0895971.8 WA1,4315742.5 SA1,0606151.7 NT1,5416452.4 NSW, Qld, WA, SA and the NT1,1515971.9 Age-standardised death rates, by Indigenous status, and Indigenous:non- Indigenous rate ratios, NSW, Qld, WA, SA and the NT, 2006-2010 Notes: 1.Rates per 100,000 are directly age-standardised using the 2001 Australia standard population 2.Rate ratio is the Indigenous rate divided by the non-Indigenous rate 3.Due to the incomplete identification of Indigenous status, these figures probably under-estimate the true difference between Indigenous and non-Indigenous rates Source: AIHW, 2013
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  • 13 www.healthinfonet.ecu.edu.au Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet 2014 Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet PopulationMalesFemales Indigenous Australia (unadjusted)67.472.3 Australia (headline)69.173.7 NSW70.574.6 Qld68.774.4 WA65.070.2 NT63.468.7 Total population Australia (unadjusted)79.883.2 Australia (headline)79.783.1 Expectation of life at birth in years for Indigenous people and the total population, by sex, selected jurisdictions, Australia, 2010-2012 Note: 1. This table includes two estimates for Australia. The headline estimate includes adjustments based on Australia-wide census-related information. The headline estimates should be used in all situations except those requiring comparisons with the estimates for the states and territories, for which Australia-wide information could not be applied. The unadjusted Australian estimate should be used in situations requiring such a comparison. 2..The Australian Indigenous estimates are based on deaths in all states and territories Source: ABS, 2013
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  • 14 www.healthinfonet.ecu.edu.au Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet 2014 Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet Age-group (years) IndigenousNon-IndigenousRate ratio MalesFemalesMalesFemalesMalesFemales NSW 0 44430.91.1 1-4 353016 2.21.9 514 12111071.21.5 15-24 833947201.82.0 25-34 1879273312.63.0 35-44 398237122673.33.6 45-54 7804282761652.82.6 55-64 1,4269946453862.22.6 65+ 4,7304,3714,1193,6761.11.2 Qld 0 87541.7 1-4 396322181.83.5 514 17161291.41.8 15-24 1246354262.32.4 25-34 24412586352.83.6 35-44 509278129683.94.1 45-54 9515272641603.63.3 55-64 1,7531,3706273632.83.8 65+ 5,9574,8443,8713,4491.51.4 Age-specific death rates, by Indigenous status and sex, and Indigenous:non- Indigenous rate ratios, NSW, Qld, WA, SA and the NT, 2008-2012
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  • 15 www.healthinfonet.ecu.edu.au Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet 2014 Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet Age-group (years) IndigenousNon-IndigenousRate ratio MalesFemalesMalesFemalesMalesFemales WA 0 95333.11.7 1-4 905319154.73.6 514 36 9104.33.7 15-24 23812559264.04.8 25-34 37720193354.15.7 35-44 771499124666.27.6 45-54 1,329