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Gujarat Study A Regional Experience of Accessing Socio Economic Impacts of natural disasters A Study for GSDMA by. Asian Disaster Preparedness Center (ADPC) Center for Environmental Planning and Technology (CEPT) Indian Institute of Technology, Mumbai (IIT, Bombay) - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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PowerPoint PresentationGujarat Study
Socio Economic Impacts of natural disasters
A Study for GSDMA
Center for Environmental Planning and Technology (CEPT)
Indian Institute of Technology, Mumbai (IIT, Bombay)
UN Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (UNECLAC)
Gujarat Study on Damage and Loss Assessment Methodology
Disasters and Economic Growth Trends in Gujarat
Though Gujarat is one of the most developed states of the country yet it is still much less than its potential.
The average annual compound growth rate of Gujarat
in 60’s - 3.32% per annum.
In 70’s - 4.95% per annum.
On this potential the rate of growth of Gujarat in eighties was projected to grow over at the rate of 6% per annum.
In 80’s - 4.26% actual only.
The major reason for not achieving its full potential in eighties was several repetitive natural disasters. Similarly, the average annual compound growth rate of GSDP increased to over 9.57% per annum between 1990-91 to 1997-98 - the highest in the country.
Gujarat couldn’t sustain the same pace in the late nineties again because of the several repetitive natural disasters.
Gujarat Study on Damage and Loss Assessment Methodology
Disasters in Gujarat
Impact of Disasters on Economic Development
Gujarat Study on Damage and Loss Assessment Methodology
The Need to
- To estimate rehabilitation and reconstruction financial requirements and to mobilize grants and loans
- To recover costs incurred in providing relief assistance
Improve ability for delivery of assistance to affected population based on scientifically-based damage and loss assessments;
Improve capacity to demonstrate the negative impacts of disasters on the economy and development of the State, and to argue the case for undertaking damage mitigation and vulnerability reduction (i.e. to advocate disaster-resilient development).
Gujarat Study on Damage and Loss Assessment Methodology
Hence The Need For A Comprehensive Methodology for Damage and Loss Assessment For Gujarat
Commissioned by GSDMA under GEERP
Gujarat Study on Damage and Loss Assessment Methodology
Overview of the Study
Activity 1: Institutional Mechanisms and Training Needs for Damage and Loss Assessment
Activity 2: Improving Methodology for Damage Assessment
Activity 3: Developing Methodology for Loss Assessment
Activity 4: Capacity Building for Damage and Loss Assessment
Gujarat Study on Damage and Loss Assessment Methodology
Damage Assessment Methodology
Buildings
Gujarat Study on Damage and Loss Assessment Methodology
Objectives of Damage Assessment
Short-Term:
To quickly identify the safety and usability of buildings, critical services structures and infrastructure
To quickly estimate total damage (for reporting and policy purposes)
Medium-Term (buildings only):
To reassess and quantify damage categories
Long-Term:
To help identify deficiencies in technical knowledge and its implementation mechanisms
Gujarat Study on Damage and Loss Assessment Methodology
Key considerations for DA
Should consider the types of structures prevalent in local context
Should consider the technical skills likely to be available after a disaster
Should incorporate experiences from recent disasters
Consistent and Minimize ‘perception’ based qualitative assessments
11.psd
Comparative damage categorization of
FEMA 273
MSK 64 methods – also known as IAEE method –
Each method has variation in damage level prescribed, even though they are from the same country since the methods cater to different objectives. No ONE SIZE FITS ALL approach possible here
Gujarat Study on Damage and Loss Assessment Methodology
Multiple methods are
required to satisfy
International practices
Damage Level (%)
Gujarat Study on Damage and Loss Assessment Methodology
Proposed Methodology for DA of Buildings
Three-Stage Damage Assessment Methodology proposed
Rapid Safety Assessment
Detailed Engineering Evaluation
Damage Assessment for Infrastructure
Some structures like Bridges and Storage Reservoirs are low redundancy structures – collapse may be sudden and catastrophic
Structural repairs are based on technically detailed evaluation – Method should be technically rigorous
Damage assessment likely to be carried out by technical persons from the responsible line departments
13.psd
Loss Assessment Methodology
Presently no professionals available with most of department to undertake analysis on loss assessment.
For Loss Assessment Information is required on:
Decreased output in the production sectors of agriculture, industry and commerce.
Increased expenditure and decreased revenues in the revenue State Govt account and private enterprise providing basic services.
Increased investments for rehabilitation and reconstruction in the State government development accounts.
Many State institutions and private enterprises do collect the basic data required to enable the estimation of losses but used for other purposes. Limited analysis done for estimating indirect losses.
Gujarat Study on Damage and Loss Assessment Methodology
The ECLAC Handbook for Disaster Assessment
url://www.eclac.org/mexico
Adaptation
Proposed Loss Assessment Methodology
D&LA in Agriculture Sector
Existing Methodology – 2 stage assessment
First Stage Assessment
Estimates do not capture mid season agricultural adjustments
A review of crop damage assessment procedures is required
Final Assessment
“Aanawari means an assessment of the observed and estimated crop out-turn of all crops a village as compared with an assumed standard.”
Gujarat Study on Damage and Loss Assessment Methodology
Proposed Methodology for Agriculture Sector
Six-stage loss estimation – geared to facilitate mitigation measures
Gujarat Study on Damage and Loss Assessment Methodology
Reporting Format – Sample by dept/by sector
Gujarat Study on Damage and Loss Assessment Methodology
Institutionalizing D&LA Methodology
Standardization of formats for assessing and reporting damage so as to have a consistent representation of losses due to a given disaster
Capacity Building of key personnel in use of the standardized formats
Establishment of focal points in each line department for damage and loss assessment
Establishment of a base line inventory of assets in each department and updating annually
Gujarat Study on Damage and Loss Assessment Methodology
Institutionalizing D&LA Methodology..
Creation and maintenance of departmental Databases of disasters and impacts
Computerized system for easy aggregation, dis-aggregation and historical analysis for decision making
Government orders for confirming additional responsibility for each focal point
Handbook in local language for Users
Gujarat Study on Damage and Loss Assessment Methodology
Capacity Building for D&LA
Sector-wise assessment teams pre-identified and trained
Teams to comprise of subject-experts from relevant departments
Volunteer network of private sector engineers to be established for Damage Assessment
Professionals of several disciplines – including, but not limited to, engineering and economics, at State and District levels, to receive special training in use of the loss assessment methodology
Gujarat Study on Damage and Loss Assessment Methodology
Thank You