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Basic Photography By Inna Cristobal

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Post on 15-Mar-2016




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Basic Photography. By Inna Cristobal. Introduction to. Photography. PHOTOGRAPHY. According to Merriam-Webster: pho.tog.ra.phy noun : the art or process of producing images by the action of radiant energy and especially light on a sensitive surface Literally: PHOTO – (light) - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • Basic PhotographyBy Inna Cristobal

  • PHOTOGRAPHYIntroduction to

  • According to Merriam-Webster:

    pho.tog.ra.phynoun: the art or process of producing images by the action of radiant energy and especially light on a sensitive surface

    Literally:PHOTO (light)GRAPH (draw)PHOTOGRAPHY

  • Photography is

    Making the camera an extension of your eyes.Capturing the world through your eyes.Capturing light to show what you see.A means to relay a message.Is communication.

  • The 3 Most Important Hints to a Successful PhotographThemeSubjectSimple


  • Its not the camera or equipment, its YOU.ALWAYS REMEMBER

  • PARTS of your CAMERA

  • DSLR??



    ISO + Shutter Speed + Aperture

  • ISO

    International Standard Organizationthe light sensitivity of the cameras sensor- Thus the more sensitive (the higher the ISO), the noisier.

  • Shutter Speed

    How fast the shutter closes.Can either freeze or blur an image.Can show motion.

  • Aperture

    Determines the Depth Of FieldBOKEH!

  • Bracketing

  • How do you want yourpicture to look? How do you know which one to change?Aperture for DOFShutter Speed for MotionISO for when Aperture and Shutter Speed are maximized


  • Elements of Composition

  • Lines

  • Texture

  • Contrast

  • Movement

  • Positive and Negative Space


  • Composition

    Artistic arrangement of parts of the picture.Is the mixing and combining of elements to form a whole image.WILL MAKE OR BREAK YOUR PHOTOGRAPH.


  • Always use different LAYERS when editingSmart Sharpen is really helpfulShadow & Highlight/HDR is a technique not everyone can pull or not everyone accepts but its fun to play around with.

    For Clients: ALWAYS SHOOT IN RAWFor Portfolio: RAW is betterFor personal reasons: Large Format is fine or Medium Format is fine depending how much on your hard drive youre okay with using.POST-PROCESSING TIPS



  • Inna [email protected]: @iminnacristobalTwitter:

    This template can be used as a starter file for a photo album.

    ****The 3 most important things you must remember to be able to take a great photo is to have a theme, a subject and keep it simple.Know what you want to shoot, know what you're shooting and dont put too much elements.*The best images have a message whether it be about how good or awesome a product is, love and victory during a momentous occasion or the love parents have for a child. But it wouldnt be a good image if the message wasnt understood., thats why keep it simple.**Shutter Curtain is the part of the camera that blocks the light and lets the light in depending how fast or slow your shutter speed is.Viewfinder is what you look through to see what youre taking a photo of.Shutter Speed, ISO, Aperture buttons or dials are usually near each other.Mirror is what lets you see through the viewfinder what your lens is seeing.Hot Shoe is where you can attach any other gadget with a compatible part, most often used for attaching an external flash.Always be careful with the Lens Lock Pin because once you press that your lens could fall off because thats the button you press to detach your lens.You always have to be careful when detaching/switching lenes because you dont want dust going on the mirror, sensor, anywhere inside your camera.*DSLR stands for Digital Single Lens Reflex.Film cameras used to be called SLRs (Single Lens Reflex) while film cameras with 2 lenses (one you look through and one that actually takes the photo) were called TLRs (Twin Lens Reflex).Hence now that were in the Digital Age, professional cameras now are known as DSLRs.**For proper exposure you must always take note of your ISO, Shutter Speed and Aperture. Properly compensate all 3.*The higher the ISO, the more grain/noise on your photo. The higher the ISO, the brighter the image.The lower the ISO, less bright, but crisp and grainless images.*The higher the shutter speed = faster shutter, darker image, everything is frozen.The lower the shutter speed = slower shutter, brighter image because the light has more time to come in, motion is seen, might be blurry unless the camera is on a tripod.*The higher the number the darker the image and everything is in focus.The lower the number the brighter the image and only what you focus on is focused while the rest is defocused giving more attention on your subject in focus. Can also create Bokeh effect depending how far your subject is from the background.

    *Bracketing is when you find the proper exposure for the photo you want to take but you take a shot one stop higher AND lower also just in case.

    *DOF stands for Depth of Field.*******Better more room at the top than the bottom.*All photos look better when subject is not directly in the middle.

    ****Be aware of all your elements and arrange them.Everything in your photo has to be taken into account for. Nothing unnecessary. It has to make sense. It has to be fit and suit the message/theme/idea.*Photography is whats behind the camera not the computer.*Fashion Dont focus on just your model. If the dress has a zipper on the side or design at the back, show it. DETAILS.Portraiture Sharp eyes if subject is looking at the camera unless your concept requires subject to be off focus for arts sake. Capture raw emotions. Lower aperture for DOF and faster shutter speed.Events and Journalism Every important moment must be captured. Stay alert and ready.Events Not just candid shots, group shots also and call the attention of some to smile at your camera.Photojournalism Your photos must tell a story. Its a series of sorts.Landscape and Travel: THERES A DIFFERENCELandscape Higher Aperture so that everythings focused and sometimes slower shutter speed.Travel includes food, people, a bit like photojournalism but with much better and though out composition.Architectural Details, no distortion, exteriors and interiorsFine Art and Conceptual The sky is the limit. Literally all about your message. Execute it well.Food and Products Hardest genre. Lighting can be very tedious especially if subject is reflective. Details and texture cannot be missed. You have to get hungry just by looking at the image. Be awed by the product and want it.

    The Black and White TIP: If you think youre image sucks, but could still work and you can make it black and white then make it black and white and up the contrast.**Look for the light. Shoot in a bit of shade. Paper/white technique: Reflector, StyrofoamNever shoot at 12NN. Ugly shadows.3pm onwards.MAGIC HOUR: 4pm-6pmTRIPOD AT NIGHT FOR LONG EXPOSURE/LIGHT PAINTING**