millenium development goal on poverty alleviation in pangasinan: agriculture sector program...


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1. MILLENIUM DEVELOPMENT GOAL ON POVERTY ALLEVIATION IN PANGASINAN: AGRICULTURE SECTOR PROGRAM ______________________ A Dissertation Presented to The Faculty of the Graduate School LYCEUM NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY Dagupan City _______________________________ In Partial Fulfillment Of the Requirement for the Degree Doctor in Public Administration By: MELITON G. DASSUN April 2010 2. CERTIFICATION AND APPROVAL SHEETThis thesis proposal entitled MILLENIUM DEVELOPMENT GOAL ONPOVERTY ALLEVIATION IN PANGASINAN: AGRICULTURE SECTORPROGRAM, prepared and submitted by MELITON G. DASSUN in partialfulfillment of the requirements for the degree DOCTOR IN PUBLICADMINISTRATION has been prepared and submitted for oral defense. The reading committee found the thesis acceptable in accordancewith the requirements and standards in thesis writings. He isrecommended for Final Oral Examination on his thesis on March 2, 2010. Thesis Committee ROMANA O. FABREGAS, Ph.D. ChairmanJOSEPHILE T. FLORES, DPA JOSEFINA B. BITONIO, DPA Adviser Member JOSEFINA C. ARMAS, CPA, DBA Member 3. The Philippines as a member of the United Nations, is a signatory to theMillennium Declaration and has made the MDGs as the core of developmentagenda of its government. Thus, the formulation of the Medium Term PhilippineDevelopment Plan (MTPDP) 2004 -2010 had once again included the over-all goalto fight poverty and seek the attainment of the MDG and targets by 2015. ThePhilippines has consistently posted growth over the years, including last year whenit was one of the few countries that manages to grow despite the global economiccrisis. The Philippines grew by 0.9 per cent in 2009, avoiding a recession. Despitesustained growth over the years, the Philippines failed to reduce poverty incidencerate. Latest data from the National Statistics Office showed the proportion of poorpeople to the countrys total population stood at 33 percent as of 2006, up from 30percent in 2003 Pangasinan which is the setting of the study is no exception to the problemof poverty confronting the country or worldwide. The province is subdivided into44 municipalities and 4 cities comprising 1,364 barangays (which meansvillages) scattered within the six (6) political districts. The capital town isLingayen now a first class municipality based on 2007 income classification.According to a study conducted by the NSCB, Pangasinan has a poverty incidenceof 34.62 percent and rank 59th among the 81 provinces of the country. Theprovince itself has considerable number of 4th to 6th class municipalities which can 4. be an interesting study for the provinces poverty alleviation program. With the narrative presentations of the related issues and concerns includingthe manifestations of every government administrations to deal with it, still, theproblem of poverty persists to date. In fact, UP Professors Lichauco, an economistand Briones, a writer usually referred poverty as a chronic problem perpetuallydisturbing Philippine society. By sheer observation, poverty situation hadworsened over the years. Arguably, there had been various interventions introduced in the country toadvance its development since the post war era. This started with the warreparation and rehabilitation for the entire archipelago as a condition imposed uponby the United States of America to Japan to bring back or reactivate thePhilippines economy for the general welfare of its citizenry. The preponderance ofdevelopment advancement came with the development decade as propounded by aUniversity Professor and writer Briones, there is no doubt that the identified meansto develop or progress presented above have been in the forefront of developmentefforts by almost all administration since then. One document to prove this is theformulation of a development plan as basis of implementation to address theproblem of poverty for our country. It should be emphasized that almost alladministrations manifested their concern towards poverty alleviation especially inthe countryside over the past several years. 5. The MTPDP 2004 - 2010 also includes 13 key issues that will guide theMacapagal administration in its development and peace efforts, such as: 1.ensuringsustained growth with equity and macroeconomic stability; 2.Promoting full,decent and productive employment; 3.enhancing capacities through health,education and housing; 4.protecting vulnerable groups; 5.acceleratingcomprehensive rural development; 6. gearing for international competitiveness inindustry and services; 7. putting the Philippines in the international tourism map; 8.strengthening private-public partnership in infrastructure development; 9.bridgingthe digital divide, information and communication technology; 10.reducing theregional disparities and spatial development; 11.creating competitive and livablecities and urban areas; 12. Pursuing sustained peace and development in Mindanao,and 13. Improving the quality of life through good governance. The four primary strategies concomitant to the solving of poverty are:1) Macroeconomic stability and equitable growth, using sound fiscal and monetarypolicies to keep inflation low and avoid surges in unemployment; modernize allsectors through HR development and technology; 2) Comprehensive HRdevelopment, basic education, health, shelter, water, electricity; safety nets formost vulnerable sectors; encouraging poor to participate in governance;3) Modernization of agricultural sector with social equity; agrarian reform,improving rural infrastructure, implementing land reform; and 4) Effective 6. governance through transparency, reducing graft and corruption, strengtheningpartnerships with civil society and the private sector. Poverty is conceptualized broadly, taking into account not only income butits impact in terms of human deprivation, development, and quality of life.Likewise, in her inaugural address she delivered on June 30, 2004, PresidentGloria Macapagal Arroyo unveiled her administrations Ten-Point Agenda fordevelopment, as follows: 1. Create 6 to tem millions jobs until 2010; 2. Educationfor all children in computer-equipped schools; 3. Balanced budget by 2009;4. Connecting the country through transportation networks and technology;5. Providing power and water to every part of the archipelago; 6. Reducecongestion in Metro-Manila by creating government centers in Luzon, Visayas andMindanao; 7. Develop Subic and Clark into service and logistics centers inSoutheast Asia; 8. Automation of the electoral process; 9. Reach just conclusionto separate peace processes with the communists and Muslim rebels; 10. Reachjust closure of the divisive issues generated by the people power of 1986 and2000.Statement of the Problem This study assessed the implementation of the millennium development goalon poverty alleviation in Pangasinan specifically under the agriculture sectorprogram of government. 7. Specifically, the study sought to answer the hereunder sub-problems:1. What is the status of the province of Pangasinan relative to the Millennium Development Goal on poverty alleviation in terms of: a. Survival Indicators 1. Access to food 2. Water 3. Health services b. Livelihood 1. Education 2. Income 3. Access to electricity2. What are the programs and projects being implemented by the Provincial Government of Pangasinan to alleviate poverty and hunger along the aforecited indicators?3. What are the strengths and weaknesses in the implementation of the programs and projects by the province of Pangasinan as perceived by the following respondents viz: government organizations, private sectors and civil societies? 3.1 Is there a significant difference among the perceptions of the three (3) groups of respondents regarding the strengths and 8. weaknesses in the implementation of the programs and projects in the province of Pangasinan? 4. What are the policy reforms which can be proposed to ensure sustainability of the implementation of the programs and projects to alleviate poverty and hunger? Figure 1. Paradigm Showing the Schematic Relationship of the Variables in the Study The descriptive research method was utilized in the study. Documentaryanalysis was conducted based on the data or information contained in the annualreports of current years 2004 to 2009 being submitted by the Provincial 9. Government of Pangasinan to the National Economic and Development Authority,Regional Office I, San Fernando, City, La Union. Pangasinan is composed of four (4) cities (1 independent component city and 3 component cities, and fort