poetry part three a unit on types of poetry and literary terms
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Poetry Part Three A Unit on Types of Poetry and Literary Terms
METERA pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables.Meter occurs when the stressed and unstressed syllables of the words in a poem are arranged in a repeating pattern.When poets write in meter, they count out the number of stressed (strong) syllables and unstressed (weak) syllables for each line. They they repeat the pattern throughout the poem.
METER cont.FOOT - unit of meter. A foot can have two or three syllables.Usually consists of one stressed and one or more unstressed syllables.TYPES OF FEET The types of feet are determined by the arrangement of stressed and unstressed syllables. (cont.)
METER cont.TYPES OF FEET (cont.) Iambic - unstressed, stressed (ex: because) Trochaic - stressed, unstressed (ex: breakfast) Anapestic - unstressed, unstressed, stressed(ex: as a rule) Dactylic - stressed, unstressed, unstressed(ex: in-between)
Be the First to Identify the MeterBirdhouseBlood creepsLow lightVenomSuggestGarbageDecayHappy BirthdayI saw you everyday and all the whileMy head was hot
A violet by a mossy stone
On the faraway island of Sal-a-ma-SondYertle the Turtle was king of the pond.
Whose woods these are, I think I knowfrom Stopping By Woods on a Snowy Evening by Robert Frost
When the voices of children are heard on the green.
Examples of Meter
You blocks! You stones! You worse than senseless things! Julius Caesar by William Shakespeare____________________________
The sun did not shine. It was too wet to play. So we sat in the house all that cold, cold wet day._____________________________ from Dr. Seuss The Cat in the Hat
Come live with me and be my love.from Marlowes The Passionate Shepherd to His Love
He ordered nine turtles to swim to his stone.from Dr. Seuss Yertle the Turtle____________________________________
METER cont.Kinds of Metrical Linesmonometer=one foot on a linedimeter=two feet on a linetrimeter =three feet on a linetetrameter=four feet on a linepentameter=five feet on a linehexameter=six feet on a lineheptameter=seven feet on a lineoctometer=eight feet on a line
Be the First to Identify the Meter and Feet!Picture yourself in a boat on a river withtangerine tree-ees and marmalade skii-ii-es.From: Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds by The BeatlesGetting better all the timeTo be or not to be.Seasong, seasong, in my ear Waves upon the shore so near
The murmuring pines and the forest primeval Adapted from Longfellows EvangelineTell me not in mournful numbers
Identify this poem:The morns are meeker than they were, The nuts are getting brown; The berrys cheek is plumper, The rose is out of town. --Emily Dickinson
Iambic Trimeter (mainly)The morns are meeker than they were, The nuts are getting brown; The berrys cheek is plumper, The rose is out of town. --Emily Dickinson
Identify this poem: Bats have webby wings that fold up; Bats from ceilings hang down rolled up; Bats when flying undismayed are; Bats are careful; bats use radar; --Frank Jacobs, The Bat
Identify this poem:Just a small town girlLivin in a lonely worldShe took the midnight trainGoing anywhere
Just a city boyBorn and raised in South DetroitHe took the midnight train going anywhereDont stop believin
Rhyme Scheme and Meter:There was | a young la | -dy from YorkWho had | a great fond | -ness for pork.She ate | it all dayAnd ne | -ver could play'Cause her hand | would not put | down her fork.
Rhyme Scheme and Meter:
Twas the night before Christmas, and all through the house
Not a creature was stirring, not even a mouse
The stockings were hung by the chimney with care
In hopes that St. Nicholas soon would be there.
My Papas Waltz by Theodore RoethkeThe whiskey on your breath Could make a small boy dizzy; But I hung on like death: Such waltzing was not easy. We romped until the pans Slid from the kitchen shelf; My mother's countenance Could not unfrown itself. The hand that held my wrist Was battered on one knuckle; At every step you missed My right ear scraped a buckle.
You beat time on my head With a palm caked hard by dirt, Then waltzed me off to bed Still clinging to your shirt.
What is the meter?How many feet does each line have?The final answer? Put it all together.
That's my last Duchess painted on the wall
The first line of Donnes Last Duchess has three kinds!
THAT'S my / LAST DUCH / ess PAINT / ed on / the WALLTrochaicspondeeiambicpyrric iambic
Metrical Feet by Samuel Coleridge / u / u / u /Trochee trips from long to short u / u / u / u /From long to long in solemn sort / / / / / / / / / uSlow spondee stalks; strong foot yet ill able
Ever to run with the dactyl trisyllable.
Iambics march from short to long.
With a leap and a bound the swift anapests throng.
Meter and feet worksheetHey, that rhymes!
FREE VERSE POETRYUnlike metered poetry, free verse poetry does NOT have any repeating patterns of stressed and unstressed syllables.Does NOT have rhyme.Free verse poetry is very conversational - sounds like someone talking with you.
A more modern type of poetry.
In free verse the writer makes his/her own rules. The writer decides how the poem should look, feel, and sound. Henry David Thoreau, a great philosopher, explained it this way, ". . . perhaps it is because he hears a different drummer. Let him step to the music which he hears, however measured or far away." It may take you a while to "hear your own drummer," but free verse can be a great way to "get things off your chest" and express what you really feel.Here are some examples:Winter PoemNikki Giovannionce a snowflake fellon my brow and i lovedit so much and i kissedit and it was happy and called its cousinsand brothers and a webof snow engulfed me theni reached to love them alland i squeezed them and they becamea spring rain and i stood perfectlystill and was a flower
BLANK VERSE POETRY
Written in lines of iambic pentameter, but does NOT use end rhyme.
from Julius Caesar
Cowards die many times before their deaths;The valiant never taste of death but once.Of all the wonders that I yet have heard,It seems to me most strange that men should fear;Seeing that death, a necessary end,Will come when it will come.
RHYMEWords sound alike because they share the same ending vowel and consonant sounds.
Share the short a vowel soundShare the combined mp consonant sound
END RHYMEA word at the end of one line rhymes with a word at the end of another line
Hector the Collector by Shel SilversteinHector the Collector collected bits of string.Collected dolls with broken headsAnd rusty bells that would not ring.
INTERNAL RHYMEA word inside a line rhymes with another word on the same line.
Once upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered weak and weary.
The Raven by Edgar Allan Poe
NEAR RHYMEa.k.a imperfect rhyme, close rhyme
The words share EITHER the same vowel or consonant sound BUT NOT BOTHROSELOSE
Different vowel sounds (long o and oo sound)Share the same consonant sound
RHYME SCHEMEA rhyme scheme is a pattern of rhyme (usually end rhyme, but not always).Use the letters of the alphabet to represent sounds to be able to visually see the pattern. Roses are reda Violets are blueb Sugar is sweetc And so are you. b
SAMPLE RHYME SCHEMEThe Germ by Ogden Nash
A mighty creature is the germ,Though smaller than the pachyderm.His customary dwelling placeIs deep within the human race.His childish pride he often pleasesBy giving people strange diseases.Do you, my poppet, feel infirm?You probably contain a germ.aabbccaa
Rhyme scheme? Meter?Whose woods these are I think I know
His house is in the village though
He will not see me stopping here
To watch his woods fill up with snow.Robert Frost
Hector the Collector by Shel SilversteinHector the Collector Collected bits of string, Collected dolls with broken heads And rusty bells that would not ring. Pieces out of picture puzzles, Bent-up nails and ice-cream sticks, Twists of wires, worn-out tires, Paper bags and broken bricks. Old chipped vases, half shoelaces, Gatlin' guns that wouldn't shoot, Leaky boats that wouldn't float And stopped-up horns that wouldn't toot. Butter knives that had no handles, Copper keys that fit no locks, Rings that were too small for fingers, Dried-up leaves and patched-up socks. Worn-out belts that had no buckles, 'Lectric trains that had no tracks, Airplane models, broken bottles, Three-legged chairs and cups with cracks. Hector the Collector Loved these things with all his soul Loved them more than shining diamonds, Loved them more than glistenin' gold. Hector called to all the people, "Come and share my treasure trunk!" And all the silly sightless people Came and looked...and called it junk.
Check out the rhyme scheme of this poem!
Casey At the Bat p. 299The Pasture p. 196A Time to Talk p 196
See these examples in book for rhyme scheme and repetition.
SonnetA 14-line poem that begins with eight lines and is followed by six lines.
How Do I Love Thee? by Elizabeth Barrett BrowningHow Do I love thee? Let me count the ways. I love thee to the depth and breadth and height My soul can reach, when feeling out of sight For the ends of being and ideal grace. I love thee to the level of every day's Most quiet need, by sun and candle-light. I love thee freely, as men strive for right. I love thee purely, as they turn from praise. I love thee with the passion put to use In my old griefs, and with my childhood's faith. I love thee with a love I seemed to lose With my lost saints. I love thee with the breath, Smiles, tears, of all my life; and, if God choose, I shall but love thee better after death.
SHAKESPEAREAN SONNETA fourteen line poem with a specific rhyme scheme.
The poem is written in three quatrains and ends with a couplet.
The rhyme scheme isabab cdcd efef ggShall I compare thee to a summers day?Thou art more lovely and more temperate.Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May,And summers lease hath all too short a date.Sometimes too hot the eye of heaven shines,And often is his gold complexion dimmed;And every fair from fair sometimes declines,By chance or natures changing course untrimmed.But thy eternal summer shall not fadeNor lose possession of that fair thou owst;Nor shall Death brag thou wanderest in his shade,When in eternal lines to time thou growstSo long as men can breathe or eyes can see,So long lives this, and this gives life to thee.
My Mistress Eyes Sonnet 130 by Shakespeare My mistress' eyes are nothing like the sun; Coral is far more red than her lips' red; If snow be white, why then her breasts are dun; If hairs be wires, black wires grow on her head. I have seen roses damasked, red and white, But no such roses see I in her cheeks;And in some perfumes is there more delight
Than in the breath that from my mistress reeks.I love to hear her speak, yet well I knowThat music hath a far more pleasing sound;I grant I never saw a goddess go;My mistress, when she walks, treads on the ground.And yet, by heaven, I think my love as rareAs any she belied with false compare.
The Man in the Glass by Major League Pitcher Herb ScoreWhen you get what you want in your struggle for self, And the world makes you long for a day, Just go to the mirror and look at yourself, And see what THAT man has to say. For if it is not your father or mother or wife Whose judgment upon you must pass. The fellow whose verdict counts most in your life Is the one staring back in the glass. Some people might think you are a straight shootin' chum and call you a wonderful guy, But the man in the glass says you're only a bum,
If you can't look him straight in the eye. He's the fellow to please, never mind all the rest, For he's with you dear up to the end. And you have passed your most dangerous, difficult test If the guy in the glass is your friend You may fool the whole world down the pathway of years, and get pats on the back as you pass. But your final reward will be heartaches and tears If you have cheated the man in the glass.
Check out the rhyme scheme here! What is the theme of the poem?
Assignment: Take time to do both. Write a poem with a rhyme scheme.Write a Concrete Poem.
See examples of past students in folderSee examples on http://www.literacyrules.com/concrete_poems.htm
I am a very special shape I have three points and three lines straight. Look through my words and you will see, the shape that I am meant to be. I'm just not words caught in a tangle. Look close to see a small triangle. My angles add to one hundred and eighty degrees, you learn this at school with your abc's. Practice your maths and you will see, some other fine examples of me.
Iambic pentameterAnapestic Tetrameter (lines are condensed together)Iambic PentameterAnapestic tetrameter
*Dactyllic tetrameterDactyllic hexameterTrochaic pentameterTrochaic pentameter*Iambic Trimeter---like a waltz**Activity: Rhyme group game
*Activity: Rhyme Scheme group game*