the age of napoleon part d. napoleon crossing the alps painting by jacques louis david

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The Age of NapoleonPart DNapoleon Crossing the AlpsPainting by Jacques Louis David

What were the French Revolutionary Wars?They were the wars fought during the French Revolution in which coalitions of European powers sought to defeat the French revolutionary governments and restore the ancien regime (old regime) of the Bourbon monarchyBy the early 1800s, the French Revolutionary Wars evolved into the Napoleonic Wars, for the lack of a better termThe French Revolutionary Wars1792-1802

2. Specifically, what were the particular wars of the Revolutionary period?The War of the First Coalition, 1792-1797The War of the Second Coalition, 1798-1802

3. What were the major sides and outcomes of the War of the First Coalition, 1792-1797?Coaliton countries like Austria, Prussia, Great Britain, Russia, and others sought to eliminate or at least contain the French RevolutionDuring this war, France implemented the Levee en Masse and ultimately held the invaders at bay, and ultimately defeated the coalitionNapoleon Bonaparte distinguished himself during this warDuring this war, Revolutionary France conquered territories outside its borders and created satellite nations loyal to the First Republic of FranceBattle of Valmy, 1793Decisive French Revolutionary Victory

4. What were the major sides and outcomes of the War of the Second Coalition, 1798-1802?Again, France fought against Austria and Great BritainAgain, France was largely victoriousThe Treaty of Luneville in 1801 ended hostilities between Austria (ruled by the Hapsburgs) and FranceThe Treaty of Amiens in 1802 ended war between Great Britain and Francebut only for a short timeThe Battle of Marengo, 1800Decisive victory for Napoleon

5. During the war of the Third Coalition, 1803-1806, France again defeated a coalition made up of what major nations?Austria, Great Britain, Russia, Sweden

6. What were some of Napoleons victories during the War of the Third Coalition?Battle of Ulm, 1805Battle of Austerlitz, 1805

French Victory at Austerlitz, 1805

7. What 1805 treaty basically ended the War of the Third Coalition?Treaty of Pressburg

8. What Hapsburg-led nation died in the wake of the Treaty of Pressburg?In 1806, The Holy Roman Empire came to an end, an entity that had endured since 962Austria, however, did continue under Hapsburg ruleFrancis II, The Last Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire

9. What central European union replaced the Holy Roman Empire in 1806?The Confederation of the RhineIt existed from 1806-1813

10. The dozen-plus German states that made up the Confederation of the Rhine basically served as what?Client (subservient) states of the French Empire

11. During the War of the Fourth Coalition, 1806-1807, what major countries did France face?Prussia, Russia, and Great Britain

12. In October 1806, what country did Napoleon defeat at the Battle of Jena-Auerstedt?Prussia

Napoleon at Jena-Auerstedt, 1806

13. Days later, Napoleons army occupied what Prussian city?Berlin, the capital cityFrench Troops take Berlin, 1806

14. What victory by Napoleon in June 1807 effectively ended the War of the Fourth Coalition?The Battle of Friedland, a battle in which Napoleon defeated a Russian armyNapoleon at the Battle of Friedland, 1807

Cavalry Charge at Friedland

15. What agreements between France and Russia effectively ended the War of the Fourth Coalition?The Treaties of Tilsit

Napoleon and the Russian Emperor at Tilsit, 1807

16. From 1807 to 1812, Napoleon was the master of what?Europe

17. Napoleons Grand Empire included what three principle parts?The inner core of the French Empire itself, an enlarged France if you willThe Dependent States which came to include Spain, The Netherlands, The Kingdom of Italy, The Grand Duchy of Warsaw, the Swiss Republic, and the Confederation of the RhineAllied States: These were countries that had been defeated by Napoleonic France and forced to submit to French domination of Europe. Examples include Austria, Prussia, and to a degree, Russia

18. What became of Napoleons invasion of Spain in 1808?Napoleon successfully invaded Spain, but the Spanish people rose up in revolt against French ruleNapoleon deposed the Spanish king, Ferdinand VII. Napoleons brother Joseph became the King of SpainSpanish guerrillas, however, revolted against the French and bled Napoleons army. In time, the Spanish invasion proved to be a disaster

19. In what years did France experience defeat in Spain? 1813-1814Madrid Surrenders to Napoleon

The Third of May, 1808Painting by Francisco Goya

20. What three principles from the French Revolution did Napoleon want to spread in his Grand Empire?Legal EqualityReligious TolerationEconomic Freedom

21. In parts of his Grand Empire outside of France, Napoleon abolished what?Serfdom

22. What major European country never fell under Napoleons control?Great Britain

23. What was the Continental System?It was basically a European-wide French-imposed boycott of British goodsAll nations under Napoleons influence or outright control were expected to conform to the boycott

24. What became of the Continental System?Member nations cheated, smuggled, and resented French control25. What country became very uncooperative with Napoleons Continental system?Russia

26. What is your textbooks definition of Nationalism?Nationalism is the unique cultural identity of a people based on common language, religion, and national symbols27. Oddly enough, Napoleons control of much of Europe began to arouse what force in areas of Europe outside of France?The phenomenon of Nationalism

28. The growth of Nationalism in Europe, along with resentment of the Continental System, helped pave the way for what?The Fall of Napoleon!!