the golden age of the dutch republic. our objectives are what were the economic, artistic, and...
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- The Golden Age of the Dutch Republic
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- Our objectives are What were the economic, artistic, and social strengths of the Dutch Republic? You should be able to identify the unique artistic characteristics of Dutch painting during the 17 th century. What event, drew the Northern Provinces closer together (hint: it started in the 1500s)
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- The Dutch had acquired a strong national identity in their struggle with Spain 40 years earlier
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- Though they werent actively fighting in the thirty years war, they did aid the Protestant cause with money, shipping, and diplomacy
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- The Dutch were craftsmen and philosophers.
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- Toleration was a hallmark of the Dutch Republic. Jews were welcome, Mennonites, Huguenots and a splinter group, the Arminians all found safe haven in the Netherlands.
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- Huyghens (1629-1695) improved the telescope
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- Leeuwenhoek pioneered biology with microscopes
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- Balthasar Bekker spoke out against witchcraft and other superstitious beliefs
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- Anna Maria van Schurman wrote about educating women
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- Perhaps the most famous area was canvas.
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- Vermeers paintings captured light and detail.
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- Rembrandt painted the bible
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- and commissions that reflected civic pride
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- Peter de Hooch painted the immaculate Dutch interiors
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- Still life captured a fleeting natureand the tulips which became a national craze.
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- Paintings also depicted Dutch shipping
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- The Dutch traded in areas all over the world, including Java, Manhattan (New York), South America and South Africa
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- The Dutch became the Bankers of Europe. The Bank of Amsterdam became the clearing house of coinage.
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- Debased coinage was conformed or destroyed; some was re-minted with the Dutch seal
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- The Dutch greatly contributed to the Capitalist explosion that began in Northern Europe.
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- Businessmen became active in affairs of the Dutch cities. They were called Burghers.
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- The ruling house remained the House of Orangedescendants of William the Silent, who had led the wars of independence
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- William II had died in 1650. Between 1650 and 1672, a stadholder (ruler) had not been chosen. But a young prince, also named William, was growing up.
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- He would far exceed expectations.
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- Our objectives were: What were the economic, artistic, and social strengths of the Dutch Republic? Identify the unique artistic characteristics of Dutch painting during the 17 th century. What event drew the Northern Provinces closer together (hint: it started in the 1500s)