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THE USE OF VLOG IN IMPROVING STUDENTS’ ORAL LANGUAGE PRODUCTION THESIS This thesis submitted to meet one of the requirements to achieve Sarjana Degree in English Education By: Ibnu Choirin Tafsirudin 201410100311223 ENGLISH LANGUAGE EDUCATION DEPARTMENT FACULTY OF TEACHER TRAINING EDUCATION UNIVERSITY OF MUHAMMADIYAH MALANG 2019

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  • THE USE OF VLOG IN IMPROVING STUDENTS’ ORAL

    LANGUAGE PRODUCTION

    THESIS

    This thesis submitted to meet one of the requirements to achieve

    Sarjana Degree in English Education

    By:

    Ibnu Choirin Tafsirudin

    201410100311223

    ENGLISH LANGUAGE EDUCATION DEPARTMENT

    FACULTY OF TEACHER TRAINING EDUCATION

    UNIVERSITY OF MUHAMMADIYAH MALANG

    2019

  • ii

    This thesis was written by Ibnu Choirin Tafsirudin and was proved on

    January 16, 2019

    By:

    Advisor II, Advisor I,

    (Teguh Hadi Saputro, M.A) (Rina Wahyu Setyaningrum, M.Ed)

  • iii

    This thesis was defended in front of the examiners of the Faculty of Teacher

    Training and Education of University of Muhammadiyah Malang

    And accepted as one of the requirements to achieve

    Sarjana Degree in English Language Education

    On January 16, 2019

    Approved by:

    Faculty of Teacher Training and Education

    University of Muhammadiyah Malang

    Dean,

    (Dr. Poncojari Wahyono, M.Kes)

    Examiners: Signatures

    1. Dr. Hartono, M.Pd

    2. Agista Nidya Wardani, M.A

    3. Rina Wahyu Setyaningrum, M.Ed

    4. Teguh Hadi Saputro, M.A

    1. …………………………….

    2. …………………………….

    3. …………………………….

    4. ……………………………..

  • iv

    MOTTOS AND DEDICATIONS

    MOTTOS:

    خير الناس أنفعهم للناس

    As good as humans are those who benefit others

    DEDICATIONS:

    This thesis is dedicated to:

    My Allah هلالج لج

    My prophet Muhammad هلالج لج

    My beloved mother Ibu Kanisah

    My hero Bapak M. T. Misroh

    My beloved big family

    My lovely friends

    My University

    My lecturers

  • v

    AUTHOR’S DECLARATION OF ORIGINALITY

    This thesis is originaly composed and compailed by myself. Wherever

    contribution of others are involved to support this work. In addition, this thesis has

    not been submitted, in whole or part, in any institutions or publications.

    I certify that, to the best of my knowledge, my thesis does not infringe upon

    anyone’s copyright nor violate any proprietary rights and that any ideas, techniques,

    questions or any other materoal from the work of other people included in my thesis,

    published or otherwise, are fully acknowledged in accordance with the standard

    referencing practices.

    I also declare that this is a true copy of my thesis, as approved by my thesis

    committee and the English Language Education Departement office.

    Malang, January 16, 2019

    Ibnu Choirin Tafsirudin

  • vi

    THE USE OF VLOG IN IMPROVING STUDENTS’ ORAL LANGUAGE

    PRODUCTION

    ABSTRACT

    The analysis of using video blog (Vlog) in language learning has been

    widely done. However, most of the studies only focus on investigating the students’

    perception about Vlog.

    This study analyzed the use of Vlog in improving students’ oral language

    production. Meanwhile, the students’ results and perceptions after applying Vlog in

    language learning also became the focus of this investigation. The complexity,

    accuracy and fluency (CAF) were the aspects that were calculated from students’

    performance.

    The mixed methods; quantitative and qualitative were applied in this study

    to answer those variables. The test and semi-structured interview were used to

    support those research methods. In addition, this study involved six participants;

    male and female in the forth semester in English Language Education Department

    of University of Muhammadiyah Malang.

    The findings of the CAF results were fluctuated with the increasing mean

    of accuracy result and the decreasing of complexity and fluency. There were several

    factors that impacted this findings such as planning time, pressures, restrictions in

    term of time, and task repetition. Meanwhile, as Vlog provided a lot of benefits in

    improving students’ oral language production, the use of it in language learning

    obtained positive perceptions among the language learners in this study.

    Keywords: accuracy, complexity, fluency, factors, findings and Vlog.

    Advisor I The researcher

    Rina Wahyu Setyaningrum, M.Ed Ibnu Choirin Tafsirudin

  • vii

    ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

    In the name of Allah, the most Gracious and the most Merciful. All praises

    be to Allah, King of the king, the Lord of the world, and the master of the day after,

    who has given His blessing and guaidance. The researcher realizes that without His

    blessing, mercy, and guidance, it would be possible for himself to finish this thesis.

    Peace and salutation are addressed to the final chosen religious messenger, the

    Prophet Muhammad ملسو هيلع هللا ىلص who has brought the human beings from Abu Jahal era to

    Abu Janda era.

    The researcher also realized that many people had given their helps and useful

    suggestion for the finishing of this thesis. Without the assistance of them, this

    Thesis would never have existed. Therefore, the researcher would like to express

    his appreciation and best gratitude to:

    1. Mrs. Rina Wahyu Setyaningrum, M.Ed and Mr. Teguh Hadi Saputro,

    M.A as my advisors who has spent a lot of time to give guidance,

    suggestions and advice in the accomplishment of this thesis.

    2. My mother, father and big family who always motivate, pray and

    support the researcher in every conditions.

    3. All of the lecturers of English Language Education Department

    University of Muhammadiyah Malang whose name cannot be

    mentioned one by one due to limited space. Thanks for all knowledge

    and advice that given to researcher.

    4. My beloved communitys’ friend; InsyaAllah Sah 2020 squad, ESSCO,

    Co Trainer P2KK, RAQABA, MATRIC, Dynamic Everywhere, and

    who are not mentioned personally here, without their advice, guidance,

    support and cooperation, this thesis could have never been written.

    Hopefully this thesis becomes the input for the parties in need.

    Malang, January 16, 2019

    Ibnu Choirin Tafsirudin

  • viii

    TABLE OF CONTENTS

    Approval ................................................................................................................. iii

    Mottos and Dedications.......................................................................................... iv

    Author’s Declaration of Originality ........................................................................ v

    Abstract .................................................................................................................. vi

    Acknowledgements ............................................................................................... vii

    Table of Contents .................................................................................................. vii

    List of Tables........................................................................................................... x

    List of Chart ........................................................................................................... xi

    List of Appendices ................................................................................................ xii

    CHAPTER I: INTRODUCTION

    1.1 Research Background ............................................................................. 1

    1.2 Research Problem ................................................................................... 3

    1.3 Research Objectives ............................................................................... 3

    1.4 Scope and Limitation .............................................................................. 3

    1.5 Research Significance ............................................................................. 4

    1.5.1 Teachers ....................................................................................... 4

    1.5.2 Students ........................................................................................ 5

    1.5.3 Research in the fields ................................................................... 5

    1.6 Definitions of Key Terms ....................................................................... 6

    CHAPTER II: REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

    2.1 Language Teaching and Technology ...................................................... 7

    2.2 Video Blog (Vlog) ................................................................................ 11

    2.3 Learning Speaking ................................................................................ 14

    2.4 Complexity, Accuracy, and Fluency (CAF) ......................................... 16

    2.4.1 Complexity ................................................................................. 16

    2.4.2 Accuracy .................................................................................... 17

    2.4.3 Fluency ....................................................................................... 19

    2.5 Students’ Perception ............................................................................. 20

    CHAPTER III: RESEARCH METHODS

    3.1 Research Design ................................................................................... 22

    3.2 Participants ........................................................................................... 23

  • ix

    3.3 Data Collection ..................................................................................... 23

    3.3.1 Technique and instruments ........................................................ 23

    3.4 Procedure .............................................................................................. 25

    3.5 Data Analysis ........................................................................................ 25

    3.5.1 Transcription of Vlog ................................................................. 25

    3.5.2 Transcription of interview .......................................................... 27

    CHAPTER IV: FINDINGS AND DISCUSSIONS

    4.1 Findings ................................................................................................ 28

    4.1.1 Complexity, Accuracy and Fluency in Vlog .............................. 28

    4.1.2 Perception ................................................................................... 30

    4.3 Discussions ........................................................................................... 36

    CHAPTER V: CONCLUSSIONS AND SUGGESTIONS

    5.1 Conclusions .......................................................................................... 45

    5.2 Suggestions ........................................................................................... 46

    REFERENCES

    APPENDICES

  • x

    LIST OF TABLES

    Table 1. Manual calculation of Vlog CAF results ................................................ 26

    Table 2. Descriptive Statistic (Means) of CAF results in Vlog ............................ 28

  • xi

    LIST OF CHART

    Chart 1. The fluctuations of CAF results .............................................................. 30

  • xii

    LIST OF APPENDICES

    Appendix 1. Participants' Name List ..................................................................... 54

    Appendix 2. Vlog Transcriptions .......................................................................... 55

    Appendix 3. Interview Guideline .......................................................................... 65

    Appendix 4. Transcription of Interview ................................................................ 66

  • 48

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