life in siberia
Click here to load reader
Post on 15-Apr-2017
Embed Size (px)
Project On Water
life in siberiaSubmitted By Slide_maker4u(Abhishek Sharma)
IntroductionSiberiais an extensive geographicalregion, consisting of almost all of North Asia. Siberia has beenpart of Russiasince the seventeenth century.The territory of Siberia extends eastwards from theUral Mountainsto thewatershedbetween thePacificandArcticdrainage basins. Siberia stretches southwards from theArctic Oceanto the hills of north-centralKazakhstanand to the national borders ofMongoliaandChina.Siberia is 77% of Russia (13.1 million square kilometers), but has just 28% (40 million people) of Russia's population.
Mountain RangesAltai MountainsAnadyr RangeBaikal MountainsChamar-DabanChersky RangeDzhugdzhur MountainsGydan MountainsKoryak MountainsSayan MountainsTannu-Ola MountainsUral MountainsVerkhoyansk MountainsYablonoi Mountains
Lakes and rivers
Anabar RiverAngara RiverIndigirka RiverIrtysh RiverKolyma RiverLake BaikalLena RiverLower Tunguska River
Transport in SiberiaMany cities in Siberia, such asPetropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, cannot be reached by road, as there are virtually none connecting from other major cities in Russia or Asia. The best way to tour Siberia is through theTrans-Siberian Railway. The Trans-Siberian Railway operates from Moscow in the west toVladivostokin the east. Cities not near the railway are best reached by air or by the separateBaikal-Amur-Railway(BAM).
Temperature The climate of Siberia varies dramatically. On the north coast, north of theArctic Circle, there is a very short (about one-month-long) summer.TaiganearLake BaikalAlmost all the population lives in the south, along theTrans-Siberian Railway. The climate in this southernmost part isHumid continental climate(KppenDfb) with cold winters but fairly warm summers lasting at least four months. Annual average is about 0.5C (32.9F), January averages about 15C (5F) and July about +19C (66F), while daytime temperatures in summer typically are above 20 C.With a reliable growing season, an abundance of sunshine and exceedingly fertilechernozemsoils, Southern Siberia is good enough for profitableagriculture, as was proven in the early twentieth century.
ReligionThere are a variety of beliefs throughout Siberia, includingOrthodox Christianity, other denominations of Christianity,Tibetan BuddhismandIslam.An estimated 70,000Jewslive in Siberia,and there is also theJewish Autonomous Region.The predominant group is theRussian Orthodox Church.Siberia is regarded as thelocus classicusofshamanismand polytheism is popular.These native religions date back hundreds of years. The vast terrority of Siberia has many different local traditions of gods. These include:Ak Ana,Anapel,Bugady Musun,Kara Khan,Khaltesh-Anki,Kini'je,Ku'urkil,Nga,Nu'tenut,Numi-Torem,Numi-Turum,Pon,Pugu,Todote,Toko'yoto,Tomam,Xaya Iccita,Zonget. Places with sacred areas includeOlkhon, an island inLake Baikal.
Bandy, which is thenational sportof Russiais even more popular in Siberia than inEuropean Russia.