osiot13 iot buildout

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  • IoT Buildout

    Tools, Standards, and Best Prac4ces for Building Out the Internet of Things

  • What is the Internet of Things?

    Things

    People So.ware

    Inform

    Command

    Inform Actuate

    Autonomic Feedback Loop

    Cyberne>c Feedback Loop

    Observe

    Control

  • A Founda4on for the Internet of Things

    Standards Tools Best Prac4ces

    Build Out

    Web Design Pa?erns

    M2M Extensions

    Open Source and

    Commercial

    Open Internet

    Standards

    Collec>vely Enable

    The development and evolu>on of:

  • Best Prac4ces: Well-Known Design Pa?erns

    Connected Intelligence and Embedded Intelligence Discovery and Linking Deployment Pa?erns Device to device Managed Devices Servers and Gateways

    Internet and Web Design Pa?erns IP Connec4vity REST APIs, device as Origin Server Hypermedia (Web Linking) Publish-Subscribe

  • Connected Intelligence Disrupts Embedded Intelligence

    Thing

    SoTware

    Connected Intelligence

    Embedded Intelligence

    Network

  • Virtualiza4on of Things

    Thing

    SoTware

    Network

    SoTware Abstrac4on

    (Network)

    Firmware, Middleware

    Device

    Applica4on

  • Virtualiza4on Enables Many-to-Many SoTware Applica4ons to Things

    Thing

    SoTware

    SoTware Abstrac4ons Middleware

    SoTware SoTware

    Thing Thing

  • Data Model

    Thing

    SoTware

    Data Model

    SoTware SoTware

  • Data Model

    Thing

    SoTware

    Middleware

    SoTware SoTware

  • Interac4on Pa?erns

    Applica4on

    Sensor/Actuator Device

    Service e.g. LWM2M

    Device with Embedded Applica4on

    Applica4on Web

    Applica4on

    Client Server

    Peer-Peer

    Constrained Device, e.g. 16KB RAM, 128KB Flash

    Smart Object Registra4on, Discovery and Data Layer Service, Device Proxy and Cache

    Applica4ons can Discover and Interact with devices using Peer-Peer networking or through Services, using the Same Seman4cs

  • Device Registers With LWM2M Server, Applica4on Discovers

    App

    LWM2M Server

    SoT Endpoints

    IP Device

    IP Device

    LWM2M Clients

    /3303/0/5700

    /domain/endpoints/3303/0/5700 HTTP

    CoAP

  • Applica4on Interacts With Device Through Stateless Proxy Server

    App

    LWM2M Server

    IP Device

    IP Device

    LWM2M Clients

    /domain/endpoints/3303/0/5700

    /3303/0/5700

    HTTP

    CoAP

  • Applica4on Receives No4ca4ons Through Server

    App

    LWM2M Server

    IP Device

    IP Device

    LWM2M Clients

    NOTIFY

  • LWM2M Communica4on Through NAT

    App

    LWM2M Server

    CoAP

    IP Device

    IP Device

    HW Device Endpoints

    REG UP

    DATE

    NAT Router GET/PU

    T

  • Managed Device Interac4ons

    TV

    Audio

    DoorLock

    Light

    Washing Machine

    Router

    LWM2M Server

    Smart Phone

    Ethernet, WiFi, Thread

    Fitbit

    BTLE

    LWM2M Server

    Local Applica4on Scene Control

    Binding, Pairing

    Remote Applica4on Energy Management

  • The Open Standards Are Here All Levels of the System Radios, MCUs Arduino, mbed, 802.15.4 Network WiFi, 6LowPAN, Thread, BLIP Wire Protocol HTTP, CoAP, MQTT, Websockets Device Interac4on OMA LWM2M, OIC, Alljoyn Data Models IPSO Smart Objects Applica4ons Node-RED

    Fragmenta4on => Convergence No New Standards Adopt and Integrate Exis4ng Standards Converge on a Common Set

  • Layered Architecture, Narrow Waist

    Applica4on SoTware

    IPSO Objects

    LWM2M

    CoAP HTTP

    6LowPAN IPV4/IPV6

    MCU 16KiB RAM MPU

    802.15.4 WiFi, Ethernet

    Hardware

    HW Network

    IP Rou4ng

    REST Protocol

    API for data and metadata

    Data Models

    Applica4on

    HTTP REST Server

    17 2/10/15

    Device Management

  • The Tools Are Available Now Tools Device - mbed libraries, Eclipse Wakaama, Io4vity Server - ARM mbed Device Server, Eclipse Leshan Communica4on - MQTT Mosqui?o, Eclipse Paho API and Protocol Conversion - IoT Toolkit Applica4ons- Node-RED

    Tools implement Standards CoAP, HTTP, MQTT OMA LWM2M, IPSO Smart Objects

  • Open IoT Stack Standards for Reuse and Interoperability CoAP, HTTP, MQTT OMA LWM2M, IPSO Smart Objects C++, Node.js, Python

    Device Tools ARM mbed Open Source IDE and IoT Libraries

    Server Tools ARM mbed Device Server Mosqui?o MQTT Node-RED IoT Toolkit

  • Demonstra4on

    mbed Device Server

    mbed device

    MQTT Broker

    mbed device

    No4ca4on Handler

    Control Applica4on Async Handlers Node-RED

    All No4ca4ons

    All Events

    CoAP No4ca4ons

    State Updates (HTTP PUT)

    State Updates (CoAP PUT)

    Latency ~ 100 mSec

    Discover And Subscribe Subscribed No4ca4ons

    Sensor Actuator

    Local or Cloud

  • References Slide Presenta4ons

    h?p://www.slideshare.net/michaeljohnkoster/presenta4ons IPSO Smart Object Guideline

    h?p://www.ipso-alliance.org/smart-object-guidelines OMA LWM2M Specica4on

    h?p://openmobilealliance.hs-sites.com/lightweight-m2m-specica4on-from-oma

    CoAP h?p://coap.technology/

    mbed h?p://mbed.org/

    Node-RED h?p://nodered.org/

    Eclipse h?ps://eclipse.org/