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RECONSTRUCTION ERA: 1865-1876

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Post on 19-Aug-2015

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  1. 1. RECONSTRUCTION ERA: 1865-1876
  2. 2. YOUR SCENARIO IF YOU DID SOMETHING WRONG AND YOUR PARENTS FOUND OUT, WOULD YOU: 1. WANT THEM TO BE LENIENT OR STRICT? WHY? 2. WHICH METHOD WOULD PREVENT YOU FROM DOING THE BEHAVIOR AGAIN? WHY OR WHY NOT? 3. WHICH WOULD MAKE YOU COOPERATE MORE? WHY OR WHY NOT? 4. WHICH WOULD MAKE YOU RESPECT THEM MORE? WHY OR WHY NOT? WRITE YOUR RESPONSES DOWN IN YOUR INB AND BE READY TO DISCUSS THEM FIRST AT YOUR TABLE GROUP AND THEN WITH THE CLASS.
  3. 3. SCENARIO 2: What if a student in class has repeatedly been cheating off you, taking things from you and not giving them back unless you tell your teacher, and just being a jerk! Finally, the teacher writes them up and the troublemaker is sent to the Dean. Do you think the Dean should be lenient by telling them not to do it again and send them back to class- but the student has documentation in their file that they were being a troublemaker- or would you want the Dean to be strict by having them serve 1 day in or out of school suspension? Why do you feel the way you feel regarding this scenario? Write your responses in your INB. After designated time, share with table group, then with the class.
  4. 4. 1. DID YOU RESPOND TO THESE SCENARIOS THE SAME? WHY OR WHY NOT? 2. WHAT MADE THEM THE SAME AND WHAT MADE THEM DIFFERENT?
  5. 5. Key Questions surrounding Reconstruction 1. How do we bring the South back into the Union? 2. How do we rebuild the South after its destruction during the war? 3. How do we integrate and protect newly- emancipated black freedmen? 4. What branch of government should control the process of Reconstruction?
  6. 6. LINCOLNS 10% PLAN 1. A general amnesty would be granted to all who would take an oath of loyalty to the United States and pledge to obey all federal laws pertaining to slavery. 2. High Confederate officials and military leaders were to be temporarily excluded from the process 3. When one tenth of the number of voters who had participated in the 1860 election had taken the oath within a particular state, then that state could launch a new government and elect representatives to Congress.
  7. 7. WADE DAVIS BILL Under the bill, states could be readmitted to the Union only after 50 percent of voters took an oath of allegiance to the Union.
  8. 8. LINCOLN ASSASSINATION APRIL 15, 1865 http://www.history.com/topics/american- civil-war/reconstruction/videos/lincoln- the-legacy Complete the Historical Event Graphic Organizer. http://screencast-o- matic.com/watch/coj6DTf4LW
  9. 9. JOHNSONS PLAN IN 1865 1. Pardoned all Southern if they take an oath to the United States except for the rich and military leaders. 2. Had to ratify 13th amendment (abolishing slavery). 3. All land that had been confiscated by the Union Army and distributed to the freed slaves by the army or the Freedmens Bureau be reverted to its prewar owners. 4. Pay state war debts http://screencast-o-matic.com/watch/coj6DAf4No
  10. 10. These were laws passed in the South in an attempt to preserve the old social status with Whites as superior and Blacks as subordinates. To maintain this status quo, the Black Codes did the following: 1. Couldnt marry Whites 2. Had to work as a servant to a White 3. Had to sign a labor contract with a White; if they didnt, they were considered a vagrant and cold be arrested to do hard time. Just to name a few.. This eventually led to..Sharecropping!
  11. 11. Descriptive Organizer: You will watch this short video and complete the Descriptive Organizer describing sharecropping. You may use text, images, quotes, whatever you need to help you understand the concept of Sharecropping https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XTJw7J-Pm0Y
  12. 12. Tenancy & the Crop Lien System Furnishing Merchant Tenant Farmer Landowner Loan tools and seed up to 60% interest to tenant farmer to plant spring crop. Farmer also secures food, clothing, and other necessities on credit from merchant until the harvest. Merchant holds lien {mortgage} on part of tenants future crops as repayment of debt. Plants crop, harvests in autumn. Turns over up to of crop to land owner as payment of rent. Tenant gives remainder of crop to merchant in payment of debt. Rents land to tenant in exchange for to of tenant farmers future crop.
  13. 13. THINK-PAIR-SHARE USING PLEASE DONT STOP THE MUSIC
  14. 14. RADICAL REPUBLICANS: RECONSTRUCTION PLAN OF 1867 1. South temporarily divided up into 5 military districts 2. Extended life of Freedmens Bureau 3. Civil Rights Act of 1866 (states cannot discriminate against freemen) 4. Southern states had to ratify 13th and 14th Amendment (Free blacks granted US citizenship) 5. Southern states had to ratify 15th Amendment- gave Freedmen the right to vote. http://screencast-o-matic.com/watch/coj6DEf4NU
  15. 15. The U.S. Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned Lands, popularly known as the Freedmens Bureau, was established in 1865 by Congress to help former black slaves and poor whites in the South in the aftermath of the U.S. Civil War. The Freedmens Bureau provided food, housing, and medical aid, established schools, and legal assistance. It also attempted to settle former slaves on Confederate lands confiscated or abandoned during the war. However, the bureau was prevented from carrying out its programs due to a shortage of funds and personnel, along with the politics of race and Reconstruction. In 1872, Congress, under pressure from white Southerners, shut it down.
  16. 16. http://screencast-o-matic.com/watch/coj6D7f4NAhttp://screencast-o-matic.com/watch/coj6DNf4N5
  17. 17. http://screencast-o-matic.com/watch/coj6bef4Nd
  18. 18. PHILOSOPHICAL CHAIRS USINGTHE FOUR CORNERS Task: Perspectives regarding which plan is best helps you understand why the North and South had a difficult time agreeing on the best way to unify the nation.You will go to the designated corner of the room that you feel was the best reconstructive Plan to unify the nation. Be prepared to justify your position. Rules: 1. One person from each side shares why they feel they are right 2. The goal is to persuade others to come to their side. 3. No one talks when someone else is talking. 4. You can only talk three times!!! Must give me the popsicle stick every time you talk so I can monitor. 5. We will stop after a designated period of time to see if anyone wants to switch sides.
  19. 19. CRAFTING AN ARGUMENT HTTPS://WWW.YOUTUBE.COM/WATCH?V=_YY DZLUH1NE Take a moment and read the handout provided.Take Cornell notes. Underline key points, circle those that are key terms, write questions or comments on points that stick out. After designated time, we will review these as a class.
  20. 20. Lets Practice! Write a one page position paper addressing which Reconstruction plan you feel is the best way to unite the nation. Address why it is the best and insure you are including reasons that will convince your critics.
  21. 21. 1868 Presidential Election1. Summarize what you earned from this map. 2. What inference can you make from interpreting/reading this map? Consider how many Southern states voted republican instead of Democrat. 3. What questions do you have that this map does not tell you or after interpreting it, you may have?
  22. 22. GRANT ADMINISTRATION Scandals!!!!! Tableau http://screencast-o-matic.com/watch/coj6bIf48V
  23. 23. 1872 Presidential Election 1. Summarize what you earned from this map. 2. What inference can you make from interpreting/reading this map? Consider how many Southern states voted republican instead of Democrat. 3. What questions do you have that this map does not tell you or after interpreting it, you may have?
  24. 24. Write a newspaper headline on both the content (Reconstruction) and the skill (crafting an argument) you learned.