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Significant Battles in WWI Up to1917

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Page 1: Significant Battles WWI pre1917 · Significant Battles in WWI Up to1917. Verdun Feb-Dec, 1916 Germany Vs. France French Victory (only because they prevented the Germans from capturing

Significant Battles in WWI

Up to1917

Page 2: Significant Battles WWI pre1917 · Significant Battles in WWI Up to1917. Verdun Feb-Dec, 1916 Germany Vs. France French Victory (only because they prevented the Germans from capturing

Verdun

Feb-Dec, 1916

Germany Vs. France

French Victory (only because they prevented the Germans from capturing Verdun)

Page 3: Significant Battles WWI pre1917 · Significant Battles in WWI Up to1917. Verdun Feb-Dec, 1916 Germany Vs. France French Victory (only because they prevented the Germans from capturing

What Happened?

Germans tried to capture the French city of Verdun

This was an attempt to break the stalemate by luring the French out of their trenches to protect this very important city

Use of poison gas and flamethrowers by the Germans

Page 4: Significant Battles WWI pre1917 · Significant Battles in WWI Up to1917. Verdun Feb-Dec, 1916 Germany Vs. France French Victory (only because they prevented the Germans from capturing

Impact on WWI

Over 1 million casualties; nothing was gained by either side.

Showed how futile and senseless the war was

https://app.discoveryeducation.com/learn/videos/b5f35714-64a6-4530-a966-472970470094

Page 5: Significant Battles WWI pre1917 · Significant Battles in WWI Up to1917. Verdun Feb-Dec, 1916 Germany Vs. France French Victory (only because they prevented the Germans from capturing

Somme

July - Nov., 1916

Allied Powers (Britain & France) Vs. Germany

Allied victory (however the front lines barely moved)

Page 6: Significant Battles WWI pre1917 · Significant Battles in WWI Up to1917. Verdun Feb-Dec, 1916 Germany Vs. France French Victory (only because they prevented the Germans from capturing

What Happened?

Initially launched to take the pressure off of Verdun

There was a multi-day artillery bombardment, which was followed by a British offensive (leave trenches to attack the German trenches)

British were slaughtered on the first day; approx. 60,000 casualties (20,000 dead)

Page 7: Significant Battles WWI pre1917 · Significant Battles in WWI Up to1917. Verdun Feb-Dec, 1916 Germany Vs. France French Victory (only because they prevented the Germans from capturing

Impact on WWI

Over 1 million casualties; attrition battle

Tanks used in battle

Showed futility of frontal assaults

https://app.discoveryeducation.com/learn/videos/6c33814f-3db4-4522-923b-1ad7c21bf68e

Page 8: Significant Battles WWI pre1917 · Significant Battles in WWI Up to1917. Verdun Feb-Dec, 1916 Germany Vs. France French Victory (only because they prevented the Germans from capturing

Passchendaele (3rd Ypres)

July- Nov., 1917

Allied Powers Vs. Germany

Allied Victory (minimal gains, mainly through attrition)

Page 9: Significant Battles WWI pre1917 · Significant Battles in WWI Up to1917. Verdun Feb-Dec, 1916 Germany Vs. France French Victory (only because they prevented the Germans from capturing

What Happened?

Another attempt at an offensive - especially to gain control of a key railroad (German supply line)

A heavy rainfall made conditions even more difficult

Page 10: Significant Battles WWI pre1917 · Significant Battles in WWI Up to1917. Verdun Feb-Dec, 1916 Germany Vs. France French Victory (only because they prevented the Germans from capturing

Impact on WWI

Another attrition battle; soldiers were demoralized & hopeless

Approximately 600,000 casualties

These attrition battles took a huge toll on Germany - just prior to U.S. soldiers arriving on the Western Front

https://app.discoveryeducation.com/learn/videos/e550192f-82bd-4e31-b8fb-bd9e86adbfdf