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U.S. History Chapter 19: The Civil War Section 4: Life During the War

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  • 1. U.S. History Chapter 19:The Civil War Section 4:Life During the War

2. Freeing the Slaves

  • Lincoln supported freeing slaves if it would help the Northern war effort

3. Freeing the Slaves

  • Problems:
    • Northern prejudice
    • Slaves considered property
    • No constitutional power to end slavery

4. Freeing the Slaves

  • Military order
  • Emancipation Proclamation declared slaves free in those areas controlled by the Confederacy

5. Freeing the Slaves

  • July 22, 1862:Lincoln discusses emancipation with cabinet

6. Freeing the Slaves

  • Advised to wait
  • Announced after victory at Antietam
  • Issued September 22, 1863

7. Freeing the Slaves

  • 100 days to lay down arms
  • Effective January 1, 1863
  • Encouraged slaves to escape to Union lines

8. 9. African Americans & the War

  • Union navy permitted African American to volunteer
  • Calls to allow African Americans in Union Army
  • Practical reason:need for soldiers

10. African Americans & the War

  • July 1862:Congress allows African Americans to serve as laborers
  • 1862:War Department allows contrabands to join Union Army
  • Contrabands escaped slaves

11. 12. 13. African Americans & the War

  • 54th Massachusetts infantry unit consisting mostly of African Americans whoplayed a role in the capture of Ft. Wagner

14. 15. African Americans & the War

  • 180,000 served in Union army
  • Less pay
  • Served under white officers
  • Danger from Confederates

16. Problems in the North

  • Problems
    • Emancipation
    • Length of war
    • Casualties

17. Problems in the North

  • Copperheads northern Democrats who opposed the war

18. Problems in the North

  • Other problems:
    • March 1863:enactment of draft
    • Suspension ofhabeas corpus

19. Problems in the North

  • Habeas corpus constitutional protection against unlawful imprisonment

20. Southern Struggles

  • Naval blockade cut off supplies
  • Prices shot up
  • Draft law (exclusions)

21. Life on the Home Front

  • Young & old worked in factories & farms
  • Southern women ran farms and plantations
  • Women played role in providing medical care

22. Life on the Home Front Dorthea Dix Clara Barton 23. Life on the Home Front

  • Uncomfortable, unhealthy camps
  • Twice as many soldiers died from disease

24.