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UTAR NEW VILLAGE COMMUNITY PROJECT

REPORT

NAME OF NEW VILLAGE:

TANAH HITAM

PERAK

Project carried out by:

Student Name

ID Number

Course

Year / Trimester

1. Tia Tow Khee 1004604 Bachelor of Science (Hons)

Statistical Computing and

Operations Research

Y3/T1

2. Audrey Kang Moon-Her

1107079

Bachelor of Science (Hons)

Statistical Computing and

Operations Research

Y3/T2

3. Lee Weng Kin 1003096 Bachelor of Science (Hons)

Statistical Computing and

Operations Research

Y3/T1

4. Fun Mee Shell 1106611 Bachelor of Science (Hons)

Statistical Computing and

Operations Research

Y3/T2

DATE OF COMPLETION:

DECEMBER 2012

TANAH HITAM

1

AKNOWLEGEMENT

It is our pleasure to express our gratitude to all those who made this project

a success.

First of all, we would like to thank the staff from Department of Soft Skill

Competency. They exposed us to the life of a new village and its environment.

Special thanks to Miss Jamie who gave us guidance, encouragement and help

when we needed transport to Tanah Hitam. Thanks to her, we able to reach this

village safe and sound. We are honoured to have the opportunity to meet with the

secretary of Tanah Hitam village committee, Mr. Mok and the villagers who

showed us around the village. Mr. Mok introduced us to the way of life in this

village.

Last but not least, efforts of all team members are greatly appreciated.

Because of the cooperation of all team members, this report was completed on

time.

TANAH HITAM

2

ABSTRACT

Tanah Merah New Village is located in Chemor, Perak. Its population of

about 3,000 are mainly Chinese. As Buddhism is widely practised, there are a few

temples in the village.

The land in this village is suitable for farming. Moat villagers own small

plots of land which they use for growing crops or rearing animals. Farm produce

are sold in the village as well as other parts of Malaysia. Recently new housing

estates have been developed around the village.

Figure 1.1 The Map of the Tanah Hitam.

TANAH HITAM

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HISTORY AND BACKGROUND

The Tanah Hitam new village was established before Malaya gained

independence. The village is called Tanah Hitam because the soil in this area is

mostly black. This area was covered with virgin jungle before it was cleared for

the new village.

The secretary of the village committee, Mr Mok, works with the villagers

so that their livelihood can be improved. Besides that, Mr Mok is the member of

the Malayan Chinese Association (MCA).

Before the 1950s, the only roads in the village were narrow dirt roads. As

a result, heavy vehicles could not pass through and, during the rainy season, the

roads were often flooded. Over time, tarred roads were constructed in the village,

followed by tarred roads leading to and around the village. This meant that big

and small vehicles could now pass through the village and villagers could sell

there farm produce to other parts of the country especially nearby towns such as

Ipoh, Kuala Lumpur, Kampar and Batu Gajah.

The public buses also made life easier for the villagers. They could now

travel to nearby towns and other parts of the country with cars. As the standard of

living improved, some villagers bought cars and travelled to nearby towns such as

Ipoh for work.

Figure 2.1 The New Villages Signboard

TANAH HITAM

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Figure 2.2 This is the entrance which was constructed 20 years ago.

Figure 2.3 The project team with Mr Mok, the secretary of the village committee

(middle)

TANAH HITAM

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HOUSING

There are several types of housing in the Tanah Hitam village. In the

village, only 5% of houses are made of wood. The remaining houses are made of

brick or concrete. Mr Mok informed us that up to the 1950s most houses were

made of wood but this changed over the years. There are several abandoned

wooden houses in the village.

The modern concrete houses and the brick houses are surrounded by

fences and gates. However, there is no fencing around the wooden houses. Many

Buddhist villagers place altars of worship outside their homes.

The town closest to the village, Chemor, is a 45-minute ride away. Tanah

Hitam village is surrounded by hills and tranquil rural scenery. Visitors can enjoy

the scenery, jogging and jungle trekking when they come to Tanah Hitam.

Figure 3.1 A wooden house with no fencing

TANAH HITAM

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Figure 3.2 A modern concrete house in Tanah Hitam

Figure 3.3 A brick house in Tanah Hitam

TANAH HITAM

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ECONOMICS ACTIVITIES

The villagers are mostly farmers. The average size of farm in Tanah

Hitam is 5 to 10 hectares. Crops such as corn, chili, onion and flowering Chinese

cabbage are grown for sale. Most of the farm produce are sold outside the village.

The vegetables are sent to markets such as those in Ipoh, Chemor, and Kuala

Lumpur.

Besides farming, some villagers also run their own business around the

village. For example, some villagers operate stalls in the market, e.g. vegetables,

meat or food stalls. Some of them have their own shops like restaurants, and

hardware shop. But overall, farming is their main source of income.

Pic: Restaurant in the village

TANAH HITAM

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Pic: Front view of the market

Pic: Stalls beside the market

TANAH HITAM

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Pic: Hardware shop in the village.

There are two types of farms in this village. First, there are small farms

located next to villagers homes. These farms grow subsistence crops. Second,

the bigger farms produce the bulk of vegetables which are sold locally or in other

parts of the country. Corn is the major crop in these farms.

Subsistence crops near the house

TANAH HITAM

10

AGRICULTURE

Because of its small population, Tanah Hitam has a few shops only. This

includes small food stalls, one bicycle/motorcycle repair shop, a hardware shop

and a small wet market. There is no bank, post office, clinic or Telekom Malaysia

office.

Villagers have to travel nearby towns to pay their utility bills to go

shopping and to purchase all types of goods.

Corn farm at Tanah Hitam

TANAH HITAM

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SOCIAL, CULTURAL AND RELIGIOUS PRACTICES

The Chinese farm the vast majority of residents in Tanah Hitam. They

practise Confucianism, Taoism and Buddhism and this electric practice is

reflected in the local temples. The main festivals celebrated in Tanah Hitam are

long embedded in Chinese culture: Spring festival/Chinese New Year, eight moon

lantern festival and tomb sweeping (Cheng Meng) day. Chinese dialects

dominate in spoken communication among villagers.

Figure 4.1 Fook Shao Temple.

Figure 4.2 The Fook Shao temple grounds.

TANAH HITAM

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There are two basketball courts. The older court is an open-air court.

Many villagers prefer the newer court which is bigger and an indoor court which

shelters players and the crowd from rain and sun. There is a playground next to

the new basketball court.

There is a local Ikatan Relawan Rakyat Malaysia (RELA) group.

Villagers cooperate with each other to ensure safety and security in the village.

They sometimes gather at the local multi purpose hall, the Dewan Orang Ramai

Kg Tanah Hitam Chemor for meetings, special events and so forth.

Old basketball court

New basketball court

TANAH HITAM

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Playground beside the new basketball court

Pusat Operasi RELA

TANAH HITAM

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Dewan Orang Ramai Kampong Tanah Hitam Chemor

TANAH HITAM

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EDUCATION

The SRJK(C) Tanah Hitam was established in 1951. As the school

population grew over the years, the old school building was demolished and the

new building was constructed in 1980. The current headmaster of the school is

Puan Ong Ah Yen.

SRJK (C) Tanah Hitam primary school front gate

This school emphasizes academic studies as well as sports. All students in

standards 4, 5 and 6 must join at least one student club or society and participate

in its activities every Wednesday. Their basketball team is particularly well

known and participants in many competitions. The school holds a sports Day

annually.

TANAH HITAM

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Above picture SRJK(C) Tanah Hitam primary school

SJK(C) Tanah Hitam secondary school

TANAH HITAM

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The sports equipment stored in SJK (C) Tanah Hitam

There are 182 students in the school plus another 18 students in its

kindergarten. The school is fully assisted by the government and its students are

mostly Chinese with only 19 Malays and 4 to 5 Indians. There

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