cooking methods part2

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Methods of Cooking Cooking Methods fall into two categories they are: Moist Cooking Methods Dry Cooking Methods EasyShiksha.Com-A Way of Simple Learning

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Methods of CookingCooking Methods fall into two categories they are:Moist Cooking Methods Dry Cooking Methods

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BoilingPoachingSteamingStewingBraising

All these Methods of Cooking require a liquid to cook the ingredients in,EasyShiksha.Com - A Way of Simple Learning Moist Cooking Methods

Soups SaucesStewsVegetablesFishCheaper cuts of meatFruit

Types of Dishes that would typically be cooked using a moist cooking methods

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Poaching is cooking in a liquid/liquor when the temperature of the liquid is held at simmering point which is just bellow boiling.Fish or other delicate foods can be poached and the cooking liquor can then be used to enhance the flavour of the sauce which will accompany it,

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Shallow poaching in a pan with a small amount of liquid is often used for fish or chicken dishes, Normally started on top of the cooker but finished in the oven covered with a cartouche.

Deep Poaching is when an ingredient is covered with liquid almost always carried out on the top of the cooker.EasyShiksha.Com - A Way of Simple Learning Methods of Poaching

Healthy Cooking MethodFast Method of CookingPoaching liquid can be used for the sauce to accompany the DishKeeps the flavour of the ingredientsDelicate foods will not break up during cooking

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* Wine MilkWaterBullionA Blanc

EasyShiksha.Com - A Way of Simple Learning Types of Liquids that are used for poaching

Boiling is cooking foods in liquid at boiling pointAlways carried out in a pan on the top of the stove covered by a pan lid.Many different types of foods can be cooked by boiling.Mainly used for soups and vegetables.

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To cook food rapidlyNot suitable for delicate dishes as the agitation of the boiling water will cause delicate foods to break up during the cooking process.Soups and sauces should only be boiled for a short time to start off the cooking of the dish

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Shelled eggsVegetablesSoupsSaucesCertain cuts of meat

Types of food suitable for boiling

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Braising and stewing are very similar Both methods are a very long cooking processBraising is generally carried out in the oven Stewing is generally carried out on the stove top

Whats4eats.comEasyShiksha.Com - A Way of Simple Learning Braising/stewing

Cheaper cuts of meatFruitVegetablesChicken Sweetbreads Ham Fish Types of foods that are suitable for braising/stewing EasyShiksha.Com - A Way of Simple Learning

When stewing food is normally cut into small, even sized, diced pieces When braising food items can be left whole or in larger sizes.Stewing normally takes place on the stove top covered in liquidBraising normally takes place in the oven does not have to be covered in liquid Differences between braising and Stewing EasyShiksha.Com - A Way of Simple Learning

StockBeerWineWaterCider

Liquids that can be used for Braising/Stewing

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Steaming can be used for a variety of dishes Is fast and requires very little attention during cookingIs cooking by the steam created by water at a high temperature

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Sponge based desertsVegetables ChickenCertain cuts of meatSuet based dishesFishFruitHams Types of dishes suitable for Steaming

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Frying BakingRoasting MicrowavingGrillingBarbeque EasyShiksha.Com - A Way of Simple Learning Dry Methods of Cooking

Any cooking method requiring the use of fat, such as shallow frying and deep-frying, are considered dry-heat methods. This is due to the fact that oil and water don't mix, so while fat can take a liquid form, it is the opposite of water so it is classed as a "dry" heat method of cooking. Frying shallow/deep fry EasyShiksha.Com - A Way of Simple Learning

Cooking in deep pre-heated fat or oilSuitable for a variety of foodsMost foods that are deep fried are coated prior to fryingThe temperature of the fat is crucial when deep frying it must be between 170 to 190 degree C if it is too cold the food will soak up the fat if it is too hot and it will make the food taste burnt and will not cook the food through to the middle EasyShiksha.Com - A Way of Simple Learning Deep frying

ChickenPotatoes FishCertain fruitsSausages Dough to make doughnuts Types of food suitable for deep frying

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Delicate foods should always be coated prior to frying to avoid them breaking up during cooking Batter can be used to deep fry fish, prawns etcBread crumbs is often used to coat chicken, fish or other similar foodsSeasoned flour is also used to coat foods prior to frying Coating deep fried or shallow fried foodsEasyShiksha.Com - A Way of Simple Learning

Shallow frying is cooking in a pan with a small amount of fat, oil or butter.Gives food a pleasant colour and flavour Makes food palatable and safe to eatIf butter is to be used it must be clarified first to avoid it burning.The fat or oil must be pre-heated prior to frying EasyShiksha.Com - A Way of Simple Learning Shallow fry

Thin cuts of tender meat such as steakEggsSausage, bacon, chops etcPotatoes FishPancakes Onions Foods suitable for shallow fryingEasyShiksha.Com - A Way of Simple Learning

Stir frying is a rapid cooking method first introduced in China to cut down on fuel costs.It is a very healthy method of cookingSeals in flavoursA small amount of oil is used to stir fry foodsVegetables should all be cut into uniform sizes so that the cook properly. EasyShiksha.Com - A Way of Simple Learning Stir frying

ChickenTender cuts of meatVegetablesNoodles Foods suitable for stir frying

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Baking is a dry heat method of cooking usually carried out in an ovenIt is primarily used for bread, cakes, pies, pizza and other goods that are classed as bakery products.Baking does not require any fat but can sometimes require a little bit of steam depending on the product that you are baking and the end result that you require. EasyShiksha.Com - A Way of Simple Learning Baking

Baking makes food palatable and digestible.Gives food a good golden brown colour which is achieved by the caramelization of sugars that are naturally found in flour. the oven temperature depends on the product that you are baking.

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BreadPastryQuichesPizzaPiesEgg based productsCakes Foods Suitable for bakingEasyShiksha.Com - A Way of Simple Learning

Roasting is the slow cooking of meat, fish and vegetable, uncovered, with dry heat.Roasting is suitable for large cuts of meat such as whole chickens or joints of meatSpit roasting is an alternative method to the oven

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When roasting meat you should always protect it by covering with oil or a layer of tin foil to stop moisture loss and the meat becoming dryWhen roasting the meat should be placed on a rack, or a roasting pan to ensure even application of heat.During roasting hot air circulates around the meat, cooking all sides evenly, EasyShiksha.Com - A Way of Simple Learning Roasting

Microwaving is Cooking, defrosting or reheating food using electromagnetic waves Microwaves agitate particles of water or food causing heat by frictionIt is a very fast way of cooking that can help with some food safety issuesMakes food palatable and digestable EasyShiksha.Com - A Way of Simple Learning Microwaving

Grilling is the quick cooking of meat and other food productsWill create very distinctive textures and flavoursWill produce simple uncomplicated dishesIdeal for fish, tender cuts of meat and poultryGrilling is when the food is cooked with heat underneath Broiling is when the heat is from above Both will have the same results and all food will need to be turned during cooking

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FishVegetablesBacon, sausage etcSteaksFruitChickenbreadFoods Suitable for grilling

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Very similar to grillingFood is cooked on a grill over coalsFood is generally cooked outdoorGives a unique charcoal grilled flavourSuitable for small cuts of meatVersatileFruit and vegetables are cooked quickly

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Food can cook too quickly not allowing the food to reach the correct core temperature Food can cook too slowly allowing bacterial growth

Food Safety issues when using a barbeque EasyShiksha.Com - A Way of Simple Learning