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DESCRIPTIONGenetically Modified. Organisms in Portugal. It is understood by genetically modified organism (GMO) any organism which genetic material , by biotechnology techniques , was altered to encourage some characteristic desired , so it does not occurs naturally . - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
GeneticallyModifiedOrganisms in Portugal
It is understood by genetically modified organism (GMO) any organism which
genetic material, by biotechnology techniques, was altered to encourage some
characteristic desired, so it does not occurs naturally.
Desired objectives with the GOM
Possibility to control:
The introduced genes;
The form of expression of genes;
Assign a form or a desired feature.
Improvement of Quality
Characteristics mostly desired to obtain
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Most genetically modified organisms are transgenic food, however, these two concepts
are not synonymous.
GMO foods GMO
sequência de ADN,
ou parte do ADN de
Organismo que foi
que não recebeu
nenhuma parte de
1983First GMO cultivation (United States / France)
First crop commercialized (Flavr Savr tomato)
First GMO cultivation in Portugal (Tomato / Potato)
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AdvantagesTolerance to Herbicides- Increased Productivity
Tolerance to Insects - Reduction of Chemicals Used
Reduction of use of Fertilizer
Improving the Quality of Food
Ending the World Hunger
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Pollution of the Environment
Reduction of Biodiversity
Increased of Allergy
Risk of genetic pollution of soils
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Probability of Occurrence of
Effect of altered DNA
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Risks to Human Health
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Components suspected of
having toxic properties.
related to genetic
The safety study of GMO products usually investigates the:
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Herbicide resistance Pests
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Risks to the Environment
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Productivity Equal or Lower
Possible cases of failed crops
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LabellingIn order to be marketed, the GOM should be, initially, subjected to a very rigorous
evaluation process and then, labeled, respecting the rules on labeling and traceability of
All food products containing more
than 0.9 percent of GMOs in its
composition, must include this
information on the label.
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Soybean Potato Tomato Rice Corn Squash
Areas of Cultivation of
GMOs in Portugal
Portugal is at position 22 in countries with transgenic crops in 2012,
with 5 million ha planted.
In Portugal the cultivation of GMOs are only of transgenic corn.
The corn crops have a transformation named as: MON810
Genetically modified with a gene to survive pests.
The main reason for the cultivation of transgenic corn by portuguese farmers are resistance to
attack by the borer, a pest that can reach serious proportions, affecting crops.
Cultivation of Transgenic Corn Number of Notifications Total Area (ha)
North 29 164,5
Center 55 774,2
Lisbon 54 2.322,1
Alentejo 120 5.796,2
Algarve 1 12,9
Azores (S. Miguel) 19 208,2
The National Total 278 9.278,1 Data Relating to a 23-08-2012
Example of products consumed
23 July 22, 2012
The Portuguese Environment Agency is
the competent authority in Portugal, this
In order to ensure the process sustainable
and safe use of GMOs, the European Union
has established a regulatory framework.
The basic legislation is
Directive 2001/18 / EC
of 12 March, which
entered into force on
17 October 2002.
72/2003 of 10
It is essential increase the information available on this topic and transmit it to society to understand what GMOs are, and so express your freedom to choose, even though many technical aspects are complex, one has to know!
Thank you for your attention!