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Genetically Modified Organisms in Portugal

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Genetically Modified. Organisms in Portugal. It is understood by genetically modified organism (GMO) any organism which genetic material , by biotechnology techniques , was altered to encourage some characteristic desired , so it does not occurs naturally . - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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GeneticallyModifiedOrganisms in Portugal

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It is understood by genetically modified organism (GMO) any organism which

genetic material, by biotechnology techniques, was altered to encourage some

characteristic desired, so it does not occurs naturally.

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Desired objectives with the GOM

Possibility to control:

The introduced genes;

The form of expression of genes;

Assign a form or a desired feature.

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Action Insecticide

Herbicide Resistance

Pigmentation changes

Improvement of Quality


Increased Productivity

Characteristics mostly desired to obtain

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Footer text here5 July 22, 2012

Most genetically modified organisms are transgenic food, however, these two concepts

are not synonymous.

GMO foods GMO

Organismo que

possui uma

sequência de ADN,

ou parte do ADN de

outro organismo.

Organismo que foi


geneticamente, mas

que não recebeu

nenhuma parte de

outro organismo.

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1983First GMO cultivation (United States / France)


First crop commercialized (Flavr Savr tomato)


First GMO cultivation in Portugal (Tomato / Potato)


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Footer text here8 July 22, 2012

AdvantagesTolerance to Herbicides- Increased Productivity

Tolerance to Insects - Reduction of Chemicals Used

Reduction of use of Fertilizer

Improving the Quality of Food

Ending the World Hunger

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Footer text here9 July 22, 2012

Pollution of the Environment

Reduction of Biodiversity

Increased of Allergy

Risk of genetic pollution of soils


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Footer text here10

Probability of Occurrence of


Effect of altered DNA


July 22, 2012

Risks to Human Health

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Footer text here11 July 22, 2012

ToxicityTendency to

cause allergic


Components suspected of

having toxic properties.

Stability of

inserted gene.

Adverse effects

related to genetic


The safety study of GMO products usually investigates the:

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Footer text here12

Soil disturbance

Herbicide resistance Pests

July 22, 2012

Risks to the Environment

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Footer text here13

Productivity Equal or Lower

Possible cases of failed crops

July 22, 2012

Socioeconomic impacts

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Footer text here14 July 22, 2012

LabellingIn order to be marketed, the GOM should be, initially, subjected to a very rigorous

evaluation process and then, labeled, respecting the rules on labeling and traceability of


All food products containing more

than 0.9 percent of GMOs in its

composition, must include this

information on the label.

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Footer text here15 July 22, 2012

Worldwide Cultivation

Soybean Potato Tomato Rice Corn Squash

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Areas of Cultivation of

GMOs in Portugal

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Portugal is at position 22 in countries with transgenic crops in 2012,

with 5 million ha planted.

In Portugal the cultivation of GMOs are only of transgenic corn.

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The corn crops have a transformation named as: MON810

Genetically modified with a gene to survive pests.

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The main reason for the cultivation of transgenic corn by portuguese farmers are resistance to

attack by the borer, a pest that can reach serious proportions, affecting crops.

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Cultivation of Transgenic Corn Number of Notifications Total Area (ha)

North 29 164,5

Center 55 774,2

Lisbon 54 2.322,1

Alentejo 120 5.796,2

Algarve 1 12,9

Azores (S. Miguel) 19 208,2

The National Total 278 9.278,1 Data Relating to a 23-08-2012

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Example of products consumed

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23 July 22, 2012

The Portuguese Environment Agency is

the competent authority in Portugal, this


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In order to ensure the process sustainable

and safe use of GMOs, the European Union

has established a regulatory framework.

The basic legislation is

Directive 2001/18 / EC

of 12 March, which

entered into force on

17 October 2002.



Directive through

Decree. No.

72/2003 of 10



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It is essential increase the information available on this topic and transmit it to society to understand what GMOs are, and so express your freedom to choose, even though many technical aspects are complex, one has to know!

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Thank you for your attention!