國立巨治大學國弽掖展研究屻 碩士棄文 指導慡授:李酉潭 博士 民...

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  • Na

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    102 7

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    RI-1999

    RI-2003

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    Abstract

    The purpose of this research is to understand the power relationship between

    husbands and wives, including the factors and the transition during 1999-2003 within

    the process of Taiwans democratization, especially the context of culture. Researcher

    adopts family decision-making as an important index. Base on the resources theory,

    the exchange theory and the theory of resources in culture context, the main

    questions of this research are: 1. Does the proportion of family decision-making

    change? 2. The situation that the more resources one has, the more power in making

    decision one has would increase.

    The results are as follows. The proportion of family decision-making does not

    change significantly, however, the situation that one has more resources would have

    more power in making decision does increase. Nevertheless, the research tells us

    that some personal characteristics like ones ethnic group, do not have the same

    result as research in past. How will Taiwans democratization influence these factors,

    or change their nature in the process of decision-making? That could be a good

    research direction in the future.

    Key words: Taiwan, democratization, the power of husbands and wives, family

    decision-making, resources differences

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    1

    1

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    4

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    49

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    60

    60

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    75

    75

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    VII

    1 15

    1 6

    2 RI-1999RI-2003 22

    3 RI-1999RI-2003 23

    4 RI-1999RI-2003 24

    5 RI-1999RI-2003 25

    6 RI-1999RI-2003 26

    7 27

    8 RI-1999RI-2003 28

    9 RI-1999RI-2003 29

    10 RI-1999RI-2003 30

    11 RI-1999RI-2003 31

    12 RI-1999RI-2003 32

    13 RI-1999RI-2003 34

    14 RI-1999RI-2003 34

    15 RI-1999RI-2003 35

    16 RI-1999RI-2003 42

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    VIII

    17 RI-1999RI-2003 42

    18 RI-1999RI-2003 43

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    2011 6 24

    2008

    1

    1996

    20

    only game in townLinz1990158

    Freedom House

    1996 politic rights

    civil liberties 2005-2006

    1 1

    Larry Diamond

    1 2011 6 24

    http://www.chinareviewnews.com/crn-webapp/doc/docDetailCreate.jsp?coluid=98&kindid=2994&docid=101

    743877

    http://www.chinareviewnews.com/crn-webapp/doc/docDetailCreate.jsp?coluid=98&kindid=2994&docid=101743877http://www.chinareviewnews.com/crn-webapp/doc/docDetailCreate.jsp?coluid=98&kindid=2994&docid=101743877
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    Diamond

    Diamond

    1999171-174

    (family decision-making) David Easton

    instrumental

    affectiveeconomic

    social

    1999

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    3

    2008

    RI-1999

    RI-2000RI-2003RCI-2004RCI-2005

    RCI-2007

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    4

    democracydemos

    kratosrule by the peopleSorensen1993

    16

    Joseph A.

    Schumpeter

    Sorensen199310-12 Samuel P. Huntington

    Huntington19915-13

    Huntington Schumpeter

    Larry Diamond electoral

    democracyminimalistDiamond1996

    21

    ODonnell and Schmitter19868

    Karl199622

    Robert A. Dahl polyarchy

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    5

    Dahl19711-32(1)

    (2)(3)(4)

    (5)(6)(7)

    Dahl1989221

    201136

    Sorensen Dahl

    competitionparticipationliberties

    Sorensen199313Diamond liberal democracy

    Diamond199621

    Alexis de Tocqueville

    Bova

    1997112-116

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    6

    Dahl

    1-1 7-7

    7-71-1

    Sorensen200320-21 1

    1

    1-7 1-7

    1-2.5

    3-5.5

    5.5-7

    McColm, R. Bruce (1991). The Comparative Survey of Freedom: 1991. Freedom

    Review, 22(1), 14.

    1972

    2

    2

    Sorensen200321-25

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    7

    Robert O. Blood and

    Donald M. Wolfe 1960 Husband and Wives

    2000

    2005Chen and Yi2006

    R. E. Cromwell and D. H. Olson1975

    baseprocess

    outcome

    J. M. Steil1997

    1989

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    8

    1989

    115-116 Sarah F. Berk1985

    Mirowsky1985

    1991

    1989

    2000

    final say

    20052008

    Blood and Wolfe1960

    Richard Centers, Bertram H. Raven and Aroldo Rodrigues1971

    Constantina Safilios-Rothschild1970

    1989121

    javascript:;
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    Blood and Wolfe1960husband dominant

    typewife dominant typeequalitarian of syncretic

    typeautonomic type

    1989

    Eshleman1981

    Blood and Wolfe1960

    1987188

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    feminism

    Gender MainstreamingGM

    stakeholders

    200933-34

    gender parity

    1995 1996

    2000

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    2006

    1.

    1989

    3

    2.

    1990

    1996

    2002

    1993

    20072002

    3.

    3 1995

    1999 500 41

    2000

    http://taiwanpedia.culture.tw/web/content?ID=1002412013/9/10

    http://taiwanpedia.culture.tw/web/content?ID=100241
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    12

    2002

    20072007

    2006

    Olson and DeFrain2003213

    Warner et al.1986Mirowsky

    1985

    4

    1.

    Blood and Wolfe

    1960

    1984

    4 2005

    48http://mail.nhu.edu.tw/~society/e-j/48/48-45.htm

    http://mail.nhu.edu.tw/~society/e-j/48/48-45.htm
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    1989

    19972003 Hyman

    Rodman 1967 1972

    2.

    the principle of least interestOlson and DeFrain2003

    3.

    rewardcost

    Investment modelEquity

    theoryOutcome-interdependence theory

    Sprecher1998

    rewardscosts Mirowsky1985

    McDonald1980

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    Whyte1995

    Rodman1970

    Wesley R. Burr1973

    5

    5 2008

    http://www.npf.org.tw/post/1/86732013/8/22

    http://www.npf.org.tw/post/1/8673
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    1

    1

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    Panel Study of Family

    Dynamics PSFD

    (panel)

    6

    6

    1998

    () ()

    Gary Becker (Chicago)Angus Deaton

    (Princeton)Robert Hauser (Wisconsin) Cheng Hsiao (USC)Ronald Lee (Berkeley)William Parish

    (Chicago) George Tiao (Chicago) James Vaupel (Max Plank) Arthur Wolf (Stanford)

    1999

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    PSFD

    1000

    1.

    2.

    3.

    4.

    5.

    6.

    7.

    8.

    9.

    10.

    RI-1999RI-2003

    https://psfd.sinica.edu.tw/plan_01.htm

    https://psfd.sinica.edu.tw/plan_01.htm
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    PSFD 1999

    1996 RI-1999

    RI-2003

    7

    PSFD

    1989

    PSFD

    7 Huntington

    two-turnover test

    Huntington1991266-267

    Huntington

    Huntington19911082000

    RI-2003

    1996 2000

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    200016-17

    PSFD

    2005

    2000

    20072004

    Bielby1984

    PSFD

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    2006261PSFD

    200018

    50000 5000-50000

    5000 5000-50