mops presentation

Click here to load reader

Post on 02-Jul-2015

142 views

Category:

Education

0 download

Embed Size (px)

TRANSCRIPT

  • 1. Nurturing Early ChildhoodDevelopment

2. Goals for Early Childhood DevelopmentFive Areas of Child Development:Gross Motor Skills Fine Motor SkillsVerbal/Communication SkillsPersonal/Social Skills Problem Solving SkillsLaying the foundation for reading,writing, and math skills.Laying the foundation for socialskills. 3. Learning Through Play Teaches how things work. Teaches how to interact andshare with other children. Allows children to enter aworld of imagination. Allows children to test thingsin a safe way. Teaches about emotionsand to talk with others. Allows for experimentingwith art. Promotes imaginary play. 4. Gross Motor Skills 12 months will bend over and pick up objects. 18 months will run and throw a ball underhanded. 24 months will walk down stairs. 36 months will begin to hop and skip and ride a tricycle. 5. Gross Motor Development 6. Gross Motor Development 7. Fine Motor Skills12 months eat with fingers and may begin using a spoon or fork.18 months will scribble well, and will begin to stack four blocks.24 months will open doors.36 months will wiggle thumbs and will begin getting dressedwithout help. 8. Four Stagesof FineMotorDevelopment Whole arm Whole hand Pincher Pincercoordination 9. Activities That Promote Fine MotorDevelopment Whole arm Under the table art Ribbons and rings Stir it up Whole hand Sponge squeeze Lid match Cornmeal sifting 10. Activities That Promote Fine MotorDevelopment Pincher Button drop Color transfer Using tongs Pincer Capture the cork Locks and keys Clip it 11. Fine Motor Skills Writing progress depends largely on thedevelopment of fine motor skills involvingsmall muscle movements of the hand. Muscle development for writing is acomprehensive process that begins withmovements of the whole arm andprogresses toward very detailed fine motorcontrol at the fingertips. 12. Verbal Communication 12 months will use twowords skillfully. 18 months will stringtogether two word phrases. 24 - 30 months will use 50to 70 words, make two tothree word sentences andcan be understood half thetime. 36 months will carry on asimple conversation anduse three to four wordsentences. Will usebetween 300 and 1000words. 13. Three SkillsForCommunicati onDevelopmentUnderstandingInteractionListening 14. Learning Through Understanding Key to talking and learning. Children need to understand what singlewords mean and when words are joinedtogether into sentences. 15. Suggested Understanding Activities Instruction Time. Children need to wait foryou to say go and when you do they canrun around, but must stop when you saystop and clap your hands. Can bemodified to hop, jump, or any other grossmotor activity. Can be done with music. Do what I say. Can be done with a puppetgiving instructions. 16. Learning Through Interaction Learning the skills of interaction is reallyimportant for having good conversations. We need to learn when to talk, and whento listen, how to take turns, how to notice ifsomeone is not listening or bored withwhat we are saying. We need words to dothis, but also skills in looking, listening andnoticing people around us. 17. Suggested Interaction Activities Playing simple games that require takingturns. Story Time. Share a story and predictwhat might happen next listening andlooking at the pictures. Get down to the same level as the child. Talk about what is happening in a book,on TV, or what you are observing. 18. Learning Through Listening Listening is anessential skill fortalking and learning. 19. Suggested Listening Activities Listening treasure box. Collect lots ofthings that make a noise. Explore andlisten and talk about them. Spot the mistake. Sing a rhyme or songand make a mistake. Did the child hearthe mistake? Go game. Build a tower of blocks, have arace, roll the ball, and make child wait tohear Go before acting. 20. Ways to Enhance Language Development Reading Predictable Books. Predictablebooks are books that are written in a way thatmakes it easy to guess what will happen onthe next page. Children learn pre-readingskills. (Read top to bottom, left to right andturning pages. Learn story has beginning,middle and end) Children learn rhyme and rhythm Children learn inflection. 21. Examples of Predictable Books An Egg is an Egg. Are You My Mother? Dont Climb Out of the Window Tonight. I Went Walking. If You Give a Mouse a Cookie. It Looked Like Spilt Milk. My Very Own Octopus. This Is the Bear. Where Does the Brown Bear Go? Who Sank the Boat? Who Say That? Brown Bear, Brown Bear, What do you See? Llama, Llama books. 22. Books For Infants and Toddlers High-contrast books.Simple bold images.Possibly no words. Board books Repetitive text books.Children feel like theyare the reader. Activity books. Peek-a-boo or sensory touch. Bedtime books. 23. Pre-Reading Skills Children exposed to language early in life havesocial and educational advantages over theirpeers. Reading in one of the best ways to exposechildren to language. Read to your child as often as you can. Try tohave at least one reading time each day. Encourage independence by offering a selectionof books and ask your child to choose one. Ready slowly to promote understanding. Read expressively using different voices forcharacters and raising/lowering your voice. 24. Pre-Reading Skills Continued Use puppets, finger plays, or props while youread. Encourage your toddler to clap or sing whileyou read sing-song books. Talk about the illustrations point to itemsand name them. Ask your child to namethem with you. Ask open-ended questions like Why do youthink the lion is going into the woods? orWhat do you think will happen next? 25. Recommended Websiteswww.pbs.org/parents/bookfinderwww.naeyc.org Click on For Families tab 26. Personal-Social Skills12 months will offer toy if you ask for it, even if child does not letgo.18 months will play with a doll or stuffed animal by hugging it.24 months will drink from a cup, and set it down, without spilling.36 months will push a wagon, stroller, or a toy on wheels steeringit around objects and backing it out of corners. 27. Problem Solving 12 months will begin to hold an item in each hand, and clapthe toys together. 18 months will drop several small toys into a container. 24 months will see a crumb in a small, clear bottle, and childwill turn over the bottle to dump out the crumb. 36 months will watch four objects being lined up and will 28. Did You Know Music Is Beneficial: Because it is often shared with others in singing,dancing, and playing instruments together, it isoften a social experience? Develops physical skills through movement, fingerplays, body awareness, and bilateral coordination(crossing the midline)? Develops cognitive skills through counting songs,rhyme and repetition, steady beat, and memory? Assisting the development of language andliteracy through spoken language, receptivelanguage and phonemic awareness? 29. Did You Know That Painting At The Easel: Strengthens the musclesof the shoulder, arm, andhand? Helps to developeye/hand coordination? Helps to develop smallmotor skills? Creates better hand andwrist position by using avertical surface? 30. Did You Know Playing With Flubber And Play Dough: Allows for inclusion into agroup activity that allowsfor parallel play? Strengthens the smallmuscles of the hand,which is a pre-writingskill? Improves hand/eyecoordination? Encourages imaginativeplay? Stimulates vocabularydevelopment, especiallydescriptive adjectives? 31. Did You Know Playing With Beads: Improves eye-handcoordination? Encourages vocabularybuilding, especially withcolors and shapes? Increases math skillswith concepts like, littlevs lot, and countingbeads? 32. Early Childhood EducationBrain science tells us the most significantlearning begins at birth, not kindergarten.To improve K-12, we must create aseamless system that supplies elementaryschools with children ready to learn, andthat means early childhood education notbabysitting. 33. Statistics By the time an average child whose parents areon welfare reaches age 4, she has heard 32million fewer words than a child of professionalparents according to a 1995 study by researchersat the University of Kansas. Kindergarten teachers when surveyed aboutwhich skills are most important for enteringkindergartners to experience success, teachersgave as their top answers abilities like self-care,and motor skills, followed closely by self-regulation. 34. Soft SkillsIn a measure of self-regulation called the Head- to-Toes Task, preschool and kindergarten age children are instructed to touch their toes whenasked to touch their head, and to touch theirhead when asked to touch their toes. This simple task combine three core elements ofself-regulation: attention, working memory, andimpulse control. Young children whoperformed well on this task in the Fall had markedly higher test scores in math and reading the next Spring. 35. Childcare Facts In 2012 in state of Florida: Children ages birth to 41,079,012 Children ages 5 to 11 1,519,285 Total Families with Children 1,842,338 Single Parent Families655,581 Families in Poverty 356,913